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Introduction: Ethnic Cleansing and Return as Geopolitics

Gerard Toal and Carl T. Dahlman

in Bosnia Remade: Ethnic Cleansing and its Reversal

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199730360
eISBN:
9780199895250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730360.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the emergence of the term “ethnic cleansing” with the outbreak of the Bosnian war of 1992–5, and how ethnic cleansing is a form of geopolitics. ... More


Bosnia Remade: Ethnic Cleansing and its Reversal

Gerard Toal and Carl T. Dahlman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199730360
eISBN:
9780199895250
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730360.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This book is an authoritative account of ethnic cleansing and its partial undoing in the Bosnian wars from 1990 to the present. The book combines a bird's-eye view of the entire war from onset to ... More


Humanitarian Intervention in the Balkans

Nicholas Morris*

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Assesses the success of the two humanitarian interventions in the Balkans – Bosnia in 1995 and Kosovo in 1999 – from the perspective of humanitarian organizations. It argues how, ironically, the ... More


Did Ethnic Cleansing Succeed?

Gerard Toal and Carl T. Dahlman

in Bosnia Remade: Ethnic Cleansing and its Reversal

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199730360
eISBN:
9780199895250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730360.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter reflects on the legacies of the double effort to remake Bosnia-Herzegovina since 1990 and outlines a qualified answer to the question of whether ethnic cleansing succeeded or not. ... More


Ethnic Cleansing

Gerard Toal and Carl T. Dahlman

in Bosnia Remade: Ethnic Cleansing and its Reversal

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199730360
eISBN:
9780199895250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730360.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter discusses the war and ethnic cleansing in Bosnia. It covers the arrival of several paramilitary or “volunteer” units preparing to ethnically cleanse Zvornik and other towns in the Drina ... More


Persistent Ambivalence

Gerard Toal and Carl T. Dahlman

in Bosnia Remade: Ethnic Cleansing and its Reversal

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199730360
eISBN:
9780199895250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730360.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter considers five moments in the development of ambivalent policies that responded to the Bosnian war, policies that are significant for they made it possible to think of reversing ethnic ... More


Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons

Richard Caplan

in International Governance of War-Torn Territories: Rule and Reconstruction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199263455
eISBN:
9780191602726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263450.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Examines the challenge of resettling refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) and evaluates efforts to reverse ethnic cleansing and re-establish communities of mixed ethnicity. The ... More


Early Battles over Returns

Gerard Toal and Carl T. Dahlman

in Bosnia Remade: Ethnic Cleansing and its Reversal

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199730360
eISBN:
9780199895250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730360.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter surveys the immediate postwar situation and documents early return efforts and the strivings of local authorities to consolidate ethnic cleansing. The international community's early ... More


Dialogue With European States

Michael Banton

in International Action against Racial Discrimination

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280613
eISBN:
9780191598760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280610.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

More detailed consideration is given to CERD's jurisprudence on particular articles, such as the recommendation that Article 3 constitutes a general prohibition of racial segregation and not just of ... More


Daniel A. Madigan Continues the Dialogue

Daniel A. Madigan

in Catholicism and Interreligious Dialogue

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199827879
eISBN:
9780199919451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827879.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter presents a response to comments in the previous chapter. Against the widespread perception in the West of Muslim responsibility for ethnic cleansing, this chapter cites statistics to the ... More


The Civil Wars, 1941–1944

Alexander V. Prusin

in The Lands Between: Conflict in the East European Borderlands, 1870-1992

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199297535
eISBN:
9780191594328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297535.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter examines armed conflicts that raged between different political and nationality groups across the Soviet‐German front lines. The Soviet‐German war detonated dormant conflicts, in which ... More


Building Capacity

Gerard Toal and Carl T. Dahlman

in Bosnia Remade: Ethnic Cleansing and its Reversal

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199730360
eISBN:
9780199895250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730360.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter describes how the international community developed the institutional capacity to address the daunting challenge of implementing Annex 7, which provided the right to return. Houses ... More


International War Supervenes: March 1998–June 1999

The Independent International Commission on Kosovo

in The Kosovo Report: Conflict, International Response, Lessons Learned

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243099
eISBN:
9780191599538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243093.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Discusses the aims and the conduct of the NATO bombing campaign against the Yugoslavia; the refugee crisis and civilian casualties of the campaign; and the diplomatic events leading to the final ... More


The Aftermath of the Balkan Wars and the “Emptying” of Eastern Thrace and the Aegean Littoral in 1913–14

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter talks about how, throughout the years of 1913–14 until its entry into the war, the Ottoman government carried out a basic ethnic-cleansing operation, particularly against the Greeks in ... More


Evil's Direction

Keith Doubt

in Understanding Evil: Lessons from Bosnia

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823227006
eISBN:
9780823235872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823227006.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses ethnic cleaning in Bosnia. The term “ethnic cleansing” is a widely misused euphemism for the arrests, expulsions, rapes, and murders of Bosnian ... More


The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Taner Akçam

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Introducing new evidence from more than 600 secret Ottoman documents, this book demonstrates in detail that the Armenian Genocide and the expulsion of Greeks from the late Ottoman Empire resulted ... More


Characterizing and Explaining Wartime Displacement

Abbey Steele

in Democracy and Displacement in Colombia's Civil War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501713736
eISBN:
9781501709753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501713736.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Chapter one offers a typology of displacement, based on how armed groups target violence against civilians. Selective violence leads to individual escape, indiscriminate violence leads to mass ... More


The South Caucasus: The Breakdown of the Soviet Empire  

RAIMO VÄYRYNEN and LEILA ALIEVA

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The Caucasus has been torn by conflicts since 1988, and some of these conflicts became large-scale wars due to the usage of heavy weapons. These relatively short wars resulted in major distractions, ... More


Ethnic Cleansing, Genocide, and Gross Violations of Human Rights: The State versus Humanitarian Law

Elazar Barkan

in Law without Nations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804771696
eISBN:
9780804777223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804771696.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter begins by describing the state of expulsion, followed by a short review of the various legal instruments that reject population transfers and ethnic cleansing, and the use of these ... More


Reversing Ethnic Cleansing: Bosnia Versus Kosovo

Howard Adelman and Elazar Barkan

in No Return, No Refuge: Rites and Rights in Minority Repatriation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153362
eISBN:
9780231526906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153362.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter describes the situation in Yugoslavia, specifically Bosnia and Kosovo, when long-term peace was suddenly upturned by the fall of the Berlin Wall. The Dayton Peace Agreement (DPA) ... More


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