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Religion and Peacebuilding

Gerard F. Powers

in Strategies of Peace

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395914
eISBN:
9780199776801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395914.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The prevailing secularist paradigm and quantitative analyses of the relationship between religion, conflict, and peace are inadequate. Powers calls for moving beyond a functionalist approach to the ... More


Conclusion: A Look Back and a Look Forward

James Turner Johnson

in Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199755042
eISBN:
9780199950508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755042.003.0020
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This concluding chapter surveys earlier contributions to the comparative ethics of war in Western and Islamic civilizations and places the current book in the context of this literature. It considers ... More


Conclusions

Annica Kronsell

in Gender, Sex, and the Postnational Defense: Militarism and Peacekeeping

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199846061
eISBN:
9780199933099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846061.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter concludes the book by highlighting the findings in relation to the following themes: the way that UN SCR 1325 has impacted peacekeeping and other post-national defense practices, how ... More


Introduction: The Very Object of (Just) War?

Cian O'Driscoll

in Victory: The Triumph and Tragedy of Just War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198832911
eISBN:
9780191871313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832911.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

Governments often have to make tough calls, but none are quite so painful as those that involve committing one’s country to war. The idea of ‘just war’ informs how we approach and reflect on these ... More


The Disease of Victory

Cian O'Driscoll

in Victory: The Triumph and Tragedy of Just War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198832911
eISBN:
9780191871313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832911.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

The final problem just war theorists perceive with victory reflects the belief that to speak about war in terms of victory is to court an escalatory logic that undercuts the spirit of moderation that ... More


Reforms and Implications: Regulation, Reconstructing the Public Monopoly on Force, and Just War Theory

James Pattison

in The Morality of Private War: The Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199639700
eISBN:
9780191756085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639700.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the broader implications of the privatization of military force and potential reforms to address the problems raised by the use of PMSCs. It first assesses various proposals ... More


Introduction

Pablo Kalmanovitz

in The Laws of War in International Thought

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198790259
eISBN:
9780191831577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790259.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

The Introduction situates the book within current debates in the historiography of international law. While the book’s sources are examined in their historical context, contextualist approaches to ... More


How We Fight: Ethics in War

Helen Frowe and Gerald Lang (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199673438
eISBN:
9780191751707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673438.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

How We Fight brings together established and emerging scholars in a collection of papers dealing with some of the most important topics in contemporary just war theory. Alongside explorations of ... More


The Usual Definition of Just Wars

Cian O'Driscoll

in Victory: The Triumph and Tragedy of Just War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198832911
eISBN:
9780191871313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832911.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

There is a school of thought which supposes that victory does not fit easily within the just war rubric because, despite what its name suggests, just war is not actually a form of warfare at all. On ... More


Proxy Battles in Just War Theory: , the Site of Justice, and Feasibility Constraints

Seth Lazar and Laura Valentini

in Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy, Volume 3

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198801221
eISBN:
9780191840272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801221.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Orthodox just war theorists argue that the principles governing conduct in war—jus in bello—broadly track the current laws of armed conflict. Revisionists deny this. This chapter argues that these ... More


The Challenge of PMSCs

James Pattison

in The Morality of Private War: The Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199639700
eISBN:
9780191756085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639700.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter considers the need for a detailed normative analysis of private military force, in light of the general acquiescence to the privatization of military force. In doing so, it suggests that ... More


Proportionate Defense

Jeff McMahan

in Weighing Lives in War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198796176
eISBN:
9780191837272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796176.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

Proportionality in defense is a relation between the good and bad effects of a defensive act. Stated crudely, proportionality requires that the bad effects of such an act not be excessive in relation ... More


The Right of Conquest

Cian O'Driscoll

in Victory: The Triumph and Tragedy of Just War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198832911
eISBN:
9780191871313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832911.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

The fifth problem victory raises for just war scholars is that it evokes conquest, which is antithetical to the idea of just war. As such, it raises a set of questions bearing on the legal effects of ... More


Global Consequentialism and the Morality and Laws of War

Hilary Greaves

in Human Rights and 21st Century Challenges: Poverty, Conflict, and the Environment

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198824770
eISBN:
9780191863486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824770.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

Rights-based and consequentialist approaches to ethics are often seen as being diametrically opposed to one another. This is entirely understandable, since to say that X has a (moral) right to Y is ... More


The Justice of Violence

Mona Kanwal Sheikh

in Guardians of God: Inside the Religious Mind of the Pakistani Taliban

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199468249
eISBN:
9780199087341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199468249.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the conceptual and normative implications of the venture into Taliban narratives. The Taliban activists’ framings of jihad counterpoints justifications behind conventional ... More


The Smell of Napalm in the Morning

Cian O'Driscoll

in Victory: The Triumph and Tragedy of Just War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198832911
eISBN:
9780191871313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832911.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

The third problem that victory poses for just war theorists arises from the view that it is a part of the strategic rather than normative vocabulary of war. To the degree that victory is a function ... More


Mission Accomplished

Cian O'Driscoll

in Victory: The Triumph and Tragedy of Just War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198832911
eISBN:
9780191871313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832911.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

The penultimate problem that just war theorists find with victory pertains to the contingencies of modern warfare. Insofar as today’s wars are configured in such a way that they are fundamentally ... More


Conclusion: The Art of Losing

Cian O'Driscoll

in Victory: The Triumph and Tragedy of Just War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198832911
eISBN:
9780191871313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832911.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

A just war is, on the one hand, a war that must be won. If one is justified in going to war in the first place, one must also be justified in doing everything in one’s power, within reason, to win ... More


Victory: The Triumph and Tragedy of Just War

Cian O'Driscoll

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198832911
eISBN:
9780191871313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832911.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

Victory has historically been regarded as the ‘telos’ or ‘very object’ of war. As one well-placed commentator has noted, war is all about winning. It is baffling to note, then, that contemporary just ... More


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