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Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God

Jeff Jordan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291328
eISBN:
9780191710698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291328.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

What if there is no strong evidence that God exists? Is belief in God when faced with a lack of evidence illegitimate and improper? Evidentialism answers yes. According to Evidentialism, it is ... More


The Ethics of Belief

Jeff Jordan

in Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291328
eISBN:
9780191710698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291328.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Is belief in God when faced with a lack of evidence improper? Evidentialism answers yes. According to Evidentialism, it is impermissible to believe any proposition lacking adequate evidence. ... More


The ‘Justifiability’ of Faith‐beliefs: An Ultimately Moral Issue

John Bishop

in Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that reflective believers' concern is ultimately not just for the epistemic, but for the moral justifiability of their taking faith-beliefs to be true. In response to the doxastic ... More


Doxastic Voluntarism and the Ethics of Belief

Robert Audi

in Knowledge, Truth, and Duty: Essays on Epistemic Justification, Responsibility, and Virtue

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195128925
eISBN:
9780199833764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195128923.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Attempts to find a place for an ethics of belief given that belief is not under voluntary control. Distinguishes between a behavioral and a genetic version of doxastic voluntarism and rejects both. ... More


James, Clifford, and the Scientific Conscience

David A. Hollinger

in After Cloven Tongues of Fire: Protestant Liberalism in Modern American History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158426
eISBN:
9781400845996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158426.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter presents a comparative reading of W. K. Clifford's 1877 treatise, “The Ethics of Belief,” and William James' 1897 essay, “The Will to Believe.” It provides an interpretation of each in ... More


 On “Defundamentalizing” Fundamentalists

Solomon Schimmel

in The Tenacity of Unreasonable Beliefs: Fundamentalism and the Fear of Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195188264
eISBN:
9780199870509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188264.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This concluding chapter points out some of the negative consequences of scriptural fundamentalisms such as homophobia, gender inequality; religious intolerance; self‐righteousness; intellectual ... More


The Ethics of Belief

Richard Feldman

in Evidentialism: Essays in Epistemology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199253722
eISBN:
9780191601361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253722.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Discusses the merits of versions of doxastic voluntarism, the thesis that we form beliefs voluntarily. It criticizes some forms of doxastic voluntarism, but concedes that we do have a kind of ... More


Non-Evidential Reasons to Believe

Jonathan Adler and Michael Hicks

in The Aim of Belief

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199672134
eISBN:
9780191759079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672134.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Evidentialism is the thesis that evidence or, more generally, epistemic reasons, exhausts the considerations relevant to whether one ought or ought not to believe. In this chapter Adler and Hicks ... More


The Right and Duty to Will to Believe

Peter Kauber

in Pragmatism with Purpose: Selected Writings

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823264322
eISBN:
9780823266777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823264322.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter examines the right and duty to will to believe, with particular emphasis on William James's work to show how a more robust ethics of belief is possible. At various points in the ... More


Thinking and Belief

Soteriou Matthew

in The Mind's Construction: The Ontology of Mind and Mental Action

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199678457
eISBN:
9780191757952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678457.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers how the proposed account of the epistemology of mental action, and the proposed account of the self-knowledge involved in conscious thinking, bear on an account of one's ... More


The Ethics of Assertion (and Belief)

Sanford C. Goldberg

in Assertion: On the Philosophical Significance of Assertoric Speech

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198732488
eISBN:
9780191796708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732488.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The thesis is that the hypothesis that assertion is answerable to an epistemic norm can be used to establish two claims in the domain of ethics: first, that there is such a thing as an “ethics of ... More


Doxastic Voluntarism and the Ethics of Belief

Robert Audi

in Rational Belief: Structure, Grounds, and Intellectual Virtue

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190221843
eISBN:
9780190221867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190221843.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter defends a conception of belief and action that accommodates their similarities without assimilating the former to the latter. Both are commonly grounded in reasons and sensitive to ... More


Problems and Prospects in the Ethics of Belief

Peter Hare

in Pragmatism with Purpose: Selected Writings

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823264322
eISBN:
9780823266777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823264322.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter examines problems and prospects in William James's ethics of belief. It argues for the relevance of so-called overbeliefs for modern views of epistemology. It argues that the development ... More


The Ethics of Belief and the Morality of Action: Intellectual Responsibility and Rational Disagreement

Robert Audi

in Rational Belief: Structure, Grounds, and Intellectual Virtue

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190221843
eISBN:
9780190221867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190221843.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter examines possible disagreement with an epistemic peer, roughly, a person who (a) is as rational and as thoughtful as oneself (in the relevant matter), (b) has considered the same ... More


Present at the End? Who Will Be There When the Last Stone Is Thrown?

Vincent Colapietro

in Pragmatism with Purpose: Selected Writings

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823264322
eISBN:
9780823266777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823264322.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This introduction explores Peter Hare's creative appropriation of William James's doctrines of natural realism and heuristic pluralism. Hare was drawn to James not only because of the latter's ... More


The Self-Sufficiency of Reason: The Systematic Doctrine of Duties

Allen W. Wood

in Fichte's Ethical Thought

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198766889
eISBN:
9780191822704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766889.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins the exposition of Part Three of the System of Ethics: the “scientific” account of the content of the moral law, discussing why material freedom and absolute self-sufficiency are ... More


William James, Dickinson Miller, and C. J. Ducasse on the Ethics of Belief

Edward H. Madden

in Pragmatism with Purpose: Selected Writings

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823264322
eISBN:
9780823266777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823264322.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter examines the views of Dickinson Miller and C. J. Ducasse on William James's ethics of belief. In American philosophy, few papers have generated as much discussion as James's essay “The ... More


An Epistemological Critique of Scientism

René van Woudenberg

in Scientism: Prospects and Problems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190462758
eISBN:
9780190462772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190462758.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

This chapter examines two recent views that have self-consciously been labeled by their authors as “scientism.” Alexander Rosenberg’s scientism is the view that the methods of science are the only ... More


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