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How to gain research ethics approval

Peter Speck

in Research Methods in Palliative Care

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530251
eISBN:
9780191729980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530251.003.0017
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter gives advice on how to obtain research ethics approval. It begins with an introduction to the UK Research Ethics Committees, which was started in 1968 and is now responsible for ... More


Ethics Committees for Hospice: Moving Beyond the Acute Care Model

Jennifer Ballentine and Pamela Dalinis

in Hospice Ethics: Policy and Practice in Palliative Care

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199944941
eISBN:
9780199333165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944941.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter offers a brief overview of the development of health care ethics committees in general and a detailed model for ethics committees in hospice. Acknowledging scant research into the ... More


Commentary: The Functions and Limitations of Clinical Ethics Mediation

Ji-Yong Park

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0103
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this commentary, the author discusses an ongoing conversation in medical ethics, in particular with regard to functions and limitations of Clinical Ethics Mediation. While the author would agree ... More


The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research

Thomas Banchoff

in Embryo Politics: Ethics and Policy in Atlantic Democracies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449574
eISBN:
9780801460593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449574.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter tracks the path of stem cell research that culminated in the isolation of human embryonic stem cells in 1998 and the prospect of therapeutic cloning. It then charts the rise of an ethic ... More


Ethical issues

Emily White, Bruce K. Armstrong, and Rodolfo Saracci

in Principles of Exposure Measurement in Epidemiology: Collecting, Evaluating, and Improving Measures of Disease Risk Factors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509851
eISBN:
9780191723827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509851.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The overriding ethical principle in human research is that the rights of individual subjects should take precedence over the expected benefits to human knowledge or the community. This principle does ... More


Members one of another: Christianity, religion and the League

Helen McCarthy

in The British People and the League of Nations: Democracy, Citizenship and Internationalism, c. 1918–45

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719086168
eISBN:
9781781702659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719086168.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter reveals that the League's movement cultivated sizeable Anglican and Free Church followings in England and Wales, benefiting from but also contributing to the drive towards ecumenical ... More


Making the Facts of Life

Sheila Jasanoff

in Reframing Rights: Bioconstitutionalism in the Genetic Age

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015950
eISBN:
9780262298667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015950.003.0037
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter uses comparative analysis to investigate why embryos and their derivatives have been treated differently in national bioethical deliberations. Outlining some of the links between ... More


Primary Topic Article: The Future of Clinical Ethics Education: Value Pluralism, Communication, and Mediation

Edward J. Bergman and Autumn Fiester

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0099
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In the United States, the traditional approach to resolving clinical ethics dilemmas in a hospital setting is the “clinical ethics consultation.” The most common structure for this kind of work is ... More


Hospice Ethics: Policy and Practice in Palliative Care

Timothy W. Kirk and Bruce Jennings (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199944941
eISBN:
9780199333165
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944941.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book identifies and explores ethical themes in the structure and delivery of hospice care in the United States. As the fastest growing sector in the US health care system, in which over 40% of ... More


Philosophical Implications and Practical Steps

Henry S. Richardson

in Moral Entanglements: The Ancillary-Care Obligations of Medical Researchers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388930
eISBN:
9780199979196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388930.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Summing up the book, this chapter reviews the argument, notes the novelty of the partial-entrustment model and, looking forward, sets out practical steps that can be recommended even without ... More


Research with psychiatric patients: knowing their own minds?

Sarah Nelson

in Researchers and their 'subjects': Ethics, power, knowledge and consent

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861345141
eISBN:
9781447303220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861345141.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

The Beyond Trauma research project aimed to improve mental health services for female survivors of childhood sexual abuse. It explored their experiences of services, and their views on how these ... More


Exceptions to the Legal Requirements: Incompetence

Jessica W. Berg, Paul S. Appelbaum, Charles W. Lidz, and Lisa S. Parker

in Informed Consent: Legal Theory and Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195126778
eISBN:
9780197561386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195126778.003.0011
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Medical Ethics

It might seem strange to locate discussion of incompetence under the heading of “exceptions.” Although patient competence serves as a prerequisite for informed consent, surely patient incompetence ... More


Toward a More Ethical Culture in Finance: Regulatory and Governance Strategies

Dan Awrey and David Kershaw

in Capital Failure: Rebuilding Trust in Financial Services

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198712220
eISBN:
9780191780752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712220.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Economic Systems

In theory, culture and ethics represent potentially powerful constraints on human and organisational behaviour. In practice, however, these constraints are often ineffective—crowded out by other, ... More


Moral Aspects of Research

R. S. Downie and K. C. Calman

in Healthy Respect: Ethics in Health Care

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192624086
eISBN:
9780191723728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624086.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Research and audit must be distinguished. Some research involves animal experimentation which is controversial. Research often involves clinical trials, and various forms of trial must be ... More


Making the decision about enrolment in a randomised controlled trial

Tracey J. Stone

in Researchers and their 'subjects': Ethics, power, knowledge and consent

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861345141
eISBN:
9781447303220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861345141.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter describes the decision making of a purposively sampled group of oncology patients about taking part in a randomised controlled trial (RCT). The data presented in this chapter was ... More


Commentary: Altruism in the Service of the Market and the State, and the Ethics of Regulation

Amar Jesani

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0066
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

When discussion of altruistic medicine is restricted to the behavior of vulnerable patients and individuals, the powerful stakeholders of the system are absolved of their obligation to altruism. ... More


Researching end of life in old age: ethical challenges

Ailsa Cameron, Liz Lloyd, Naomi Kent, and Pat Anderson

in Researchers and their 'subjects': Ethics, power, knowledge and consent

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861345141
eISBN:
9781447303220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861345141.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

One of the ethical dilemmas facing researchers and social researchers is the most appropriate way of researching the relationship between old age and death. This chapter reviews the ethical issues ... More


Response to Commentaries

Edward J. Bergman and Autumn Fiester

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0104
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this essay, the authors respond to the thoughtful commentaries on the piece, “The Future of Clinical Ethics Education: Value Pluralism, Communication and Mediation.” The authors explore issues ... More


Soteriologies

Douglas J. Davies

in Mors Britannica: Life Style & Death Style in Britain Today

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199644971
eISBN:
9780191815737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644971.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Salvation, folk wisdom, and spirituality cover the major world views of Britain in this chapter’s discussion of traditional religious ideas of merit and afterlife reward as well as the more secular ... More


Conclusion: Blood and Promise

Jenny Bangham

in Blood Relations: Transfusion and the Making of Human Genetics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226739977
eISBN:
9780226740171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226740171.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

From 1920 to nearly 1960, transfusion services created the conditions for blood to flow and yield copious genetic data. Blood groups provided a model for what human genetics could be: they were ... More


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