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Morality through Thick and Thin: A Critical Notice of Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy, Bernard Williams criticizes the ‘morality system’ and the associated philosophical enterprise of constructing ethical theories. Williams argues that we would ... More


Ethical Decision Making

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Ethics is an academic discipline that is concerned with answering age-old questions about duty, honor, integrity, virtue, justice, and the good life, Philosophers, theologians, and other scholars ... More


EPILOGUE—(RO)BOT MINDS AND HUMAN ETHICS

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The richness of human moral decision making is underscored by the project of developing an artificial moral agent. This brief epilogue discusses how the project of designing artificial moral agents ... More


Starting Conversations about Professional Ethics

George Cheney, Daniel J. Lair, Dean Ritz, and Brenden E. Kendall

in Just a Job?: Communication, Ethics, and Professional Life

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195182774
eISBN:
9780199871001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182774.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter explores deeply how our common ways of speaking about ethics distract us from a more integrative vision of ethics in our lives. The chapter introduces three problems with how we ... More


Theory versus Anti-theory in Ethics

Brad Hooker

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Bernard Williams influentially attacked ethical theory. This chapter assesses arguments for the ‘anti-theory’ position in ethics, including mainly arguments put forward by Williams but also arguments ... More


Welfare, Happiness, and Ethics

L. W. Sumner

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238782
eISBN:
9780191679773
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238782.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral philosophers agree that welfare matters. But they do not agree about what it is, or how much it matters. This book presents an original theory of welfare, investigating its nature and ... More


Introduction

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

What is a theory of virtue about? It is about what constitutes a good moral character, or a good quality of character. It is not about what makes an action right or wrong, though virtuous people ... More


Pleasure and Social Utility: The Virtues of Being Epicurean

A. A. Long

in From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Epicurean explanation for the origin of community life and laws was the utility of these institutions in facilitating people's natural and necessary desires for a secure life. In advising his ... More


Introduction

Julia Annas

in The Morality of Happiness

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096521
eISBN:
9780199833061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096525.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The book's methodology is set out: we must be critically aware of the theoretical assumptions we bring to the study of ancient ethics, or we risk importing anachronism. The limits of the ancient ... More


Self‐Interest and Morality

Julia Annas

in The Morality of Happiness

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096521
eISBN:
9780199833061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096525.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Ancient ethical theories do not, like many modern ethical theories, recognize a gap in the theory between morality and self‐interest. Rather, self‐interest, developed into an appropriate concern with ... More


Morality, Ancient and Modern

Julia Annas

in The Morality of Happiness

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096521
eISBN:
9780199833061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096525.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Ancient and modern ethical theories are compared, with renewed warning against reading modern assumptions into ancient texts. The book's discussions of ancient theories supports the position that ... More


The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

David Copp (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory is a major new reference work in ethical theory, consisting of commissioned essays by leading moral philosophers. The handbook is divided into two parts, ... More


Josiah Royce

T.L.S. Sprigge

in The God of Metaphysics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199283040
eISBN:
9780191603662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199283044.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter begins with a description of the life of Josiah Royce. It then discusses the following themes from Royce: proof of the existence of God, ethical theory, and the problem of evil in The ... More


INTRODUCTION

David O. Brink

in Perfectionism and the Common Good: Themes in the Philosophy of T. H. Green

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266401
eISBN:
9780191600906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266409.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This introductory chapter presents a brief background on T. H. Green, one of the most important and influential 19th-century British idealists at Oxford, and his major philosophical work, The ... More


PHILOSOPHERS, ENGINEERS, AND THE DESIGN OF AMAS

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The architectures for artificial moral agents fall within two broad approaches: the top‐down imposition of an ethical theory, and the bottom‐up building of systems that aim at goals or standards that ... More


INFLUENCES ON GREEN

David O. Brink

in Perfectionism and the Common Good: Themes in the Philosophy of T. H. Green

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266401
eISBN:
9780191600906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266409.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines the various influences on Green's ethical theory. Green roots his ethical theory firmly in ancient and modern philosophical traditions. His method is dialectical and syncretic, ... More


The Right and the Good

David Ross

Philip Stratton-Lake (ed.)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252657
eISBN:
9780191598333
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252653.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The Right and the Good is a classic of 20th‐century philosophy by the great scholar Sir David Ross, which is now presented in a new edition with a substantial introduction by Philip Stratton–Lake, a ... More


Oxford Studies in Metaethics: Volume 6

Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606375
eISBN:
9780191729478
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606375.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This series is the only publication devoted exclusively to original philosophical work in the foundations of ethics. It provides an annual selection of much of the best new scholarship being done in ... More


GREEN'S LEGACY

David O. Brink

in Perfectionism and the Common Good: Themes in the Philosophy of T. H. Green

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266401
eISBN:
9780191600906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266409.003.0030
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses Green's legacy to students of ethical theory and the history of ethics. One is the way he blends systematic and historical concerns. Though his primary concern is systematic, ... More


Virtue Ethics: Radical or Routine?

David Solomon

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains why virtue ethics in the latter twentieth century has taken the following two forms: (i) the first form orders evaluative concepts and then argues that the concept of a virtue ... More


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