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Ethical Decision Making

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Ethics is an academic discipline that is concerned with answering age-old questions about duty, honor, integrity, virtue, justice, and the good life, Philosophers, theologians, and other scholars ... More


Codes of Ethics, Conduct, and Standards as Vehicles of Accountability

Pierre L.-J. Ritchie

in Global Promise: Quality Assurance and Accountability in Professional Psychology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195306088
eISBN:
9780199847471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306088.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

As part of an implicit contract with society, one of the essences of psychology is in conducting the profession in accordance with a set of ethical principles and codes, attributing a definitive ... More


Ethical Considerations in Death Penalty Assessments

David DeMatteo, Daniel C. Murrie, Natalie M. Anumba, and Michael E. Keesler

in Forensic Mental Health Assessments in Death Penalty Cases

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195385809
eISBN:
9780199895311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385809.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter provides an ethical context for forensic mental health professionals in death penalty cases. It discusses the ethical codes applicable to psychologists and psychiatrists, both generally ... More


Urwick Orr and Partners

Edward Brech, Andrew Thomson, and John F. Wilson

in Lyndall Urwick, Management Pioneer: A Biography

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199541966
eISBN:
9780191715433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541966.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Strategy

On leaving the International Management Institute (IMI), Urwick set up a management consultancy in conjunction with John Leslie Orr. The two had complementary skills and contacts and the consultancy ... More


Living with Dying: A Guide to Palliative Care

Cicely Saunders, Mary Baines, and Robert Dunlop

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192625144
eISBN:
9780191730009
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192625144.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

The new edition of this book has been updated to incorporate recent advances in both the approach to, and treatment of, the terminally ill. Based on many years of monitoring clinical practice and ... More


On Sleeping Too Well: In Search of Professional Economic Ethics

George F. DeMartino

in The Economist’s Oath: On the Need for and Content of Professional Economic Ethics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199730568
eISBN:
9780199896776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730568.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter begins to explore the content of the proposed field of professional economic ethics. It examines a range of ethical challenges that academic and applied economist face in their work, and ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


Ethical and practical issues in designing and conducting clinical trials in palliative care

Yolanda Zuriarrain Reyna, Mchael I. Bennett, and Eduardo Bruera

in Research Methods in Palliative Care

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530251
eISBN:
9780191729980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530251.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses certain ethical and practical issues involved in designing and conducting clinical trials in palliative care. It also highlights several ethical, administrative, and ... More


The Rule of Double Effect: A Critique of Its Role in End-of-Life Decision Making  

Timothy E. Quill

in Caring for Patients at the End of Life: Facing an Uncertain Future Together

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195139402
eISBN:
9780199999859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195139402.003.0012
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This chapter provides a commentary on the role of the ethical principle known as the “rule of double effect” in end-of-life clinical decision making. It discusses the rule's religious and ... More


Enrolment in clinical trials

Richard Brown and Terrance L Albrecht

in Handbook of Communication in Oncology and Palliative Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199238361
eISBN:
9780191730290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238361.003.0020
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

Despite recent advances, the five-year survival rates for many cancers remains low, and there is a continued need for research to improve cancer outcomes. Clinical trials represent the gold standard ... More


Primary Topic Article: Ethics in Long-Term Care Practice: A Global Call to Arms

Tony Hope and Michael Dunn

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0087
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the practical ethical issues that arise in long-term care settings, with a particular focus on the care of people with dementia. A summary of the ethical issues arising within ... More


Epidemiology and Informed Consent

Jeffrey P. Kahn and Anna C. Mastroianni

in Ethics and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195322934
eISBN:
9780199864416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322934.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Informed consent is a central concept and practice in the protection of both patients receiving clinical care and individuals participating in research. What began as a commitment to ethical ... More


Withholding and Withdrawing Curative Treatments

David J. Bearison

in When Treatment Fails: How medicine cares for dying children

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195156126
eISBN:
9780199999873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156126.003.0004
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses issues in withholding and withdrawing curative treatments for a child under palliative care. It tries to determine the proper time to discontinue the treatments and when to ... More


Two Levels of Ethical Thinking

Daniel Star

in Knowing Better: Virtue, Deliberation, and Normative Ethics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199570416
eISBN:
9780191804182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570416.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A two-level account of ethical thinking is developed. The chapter begins with a discussion of the problem described in the Preface. It then turns to consider a two-level account of ethical thinking ... More


Knowing Better

Daniel Star

in Knowing Better: Virtue, Deliberation, and Normative Ethics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199570416
eISBN:
9780191804182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570416.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter takes an idea associated with Timothy Williamson’s work, that the norm of practical reasoning is knowledge, and argues that the account of normative reasons previously defended provides ... More


Commentary: Listening to Voices that Are Difficult to Hear

Susumu Shimazono

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0090
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Nursing care for elderly populations in developed countries will likely become increasingly dependent on foreign labor, and we must consider ways to address ethical issues faced in this setting, ... More


Public health surveillance of genetic information: Ethical and legal responses to social risk

Scott Burris, Lawrence O. Gostin, and Deborah Tress

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0027
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The practice of public health begins with effective surveillance of physical characteristics, diseases, behavior, and environmental conditions that significantly influence a population's well-being. ... More


Christians in Big Business Leadership during the 1940s and 1950s

David J. Jeremy

in Capitalists and Christians: Business Leaders and the Churches in Britain 1900-1960

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201212
eISBN:
9780191674839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201212.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter discusses the changes in the business environment and business leadership that proceeded after the two world wars; the primary discussion focuses on the dramatic changes that happened in ... More


What is Moral Maturity?: Towards a Phenomenology of Ethical Expertise (1992)

Hubert L. Dreyfus and Stuart E. Dreyfus

in Skillful Coping: Essays on the phenomenology of everyday perception and action

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199654703
eISBN:
9780191784224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654703.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

Our everyday ethical skills have been passed over and even covered up by moral philosophy. In ethics, one finds the same intellectualist prejudice that dominates philosophy of mind and action—namely, ... More


Introduction

G. R. Searle

in Morality and the Market in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206989
eISBN:
9780191677410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206989.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about the conflict between morality and capitalism in Victorian Britain. British economist John Maynard Keynes believes in the necessity and ... More


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