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Naturalistic Ethics without Fallacies

Kitcher Philip

in Preludes to Pragmatism: Toward a Reconstruction of Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199899555
eISBN:
9780199980154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899555.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter outlines the pragmatic naturalist treatment of ethics favored by the author. That treatment comes in three parts. First, it offers an analytical history of ethical practices—one that ... More


Withholding and Withdrawing Curative Treatments

David J. Bearison

in When Treatment Fails: How medicine cares for dying children

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195156126
eISBN:
9780199999873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156126.003.0004
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses issues in withholding and withdrawing curative treatments for a child under palliative care. It tries to determine the proper time to discontinue the treatments and when to ... More


Human rights and self-regulation in the apparel industry

Rebecca DeWinter-Schmitt

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter examines the evolution of regulatory regimes in the apparel industry as a comparison with efforts to regulate PMSCs. Lessons learned from the efforts of the Fair Labor Association and ... More


Professional and interprofessional ethical considerations for practising psychologists in Australia

Christopher Boyle

in Exploring the dynamics of personal, professional and interprofessional ethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781447308997
eISBN:
9781447311447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447308997.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter describes ethical considerations that are relevant for practising psychologists and the helping professions in Australia. A background to the Code of Ethics for psychologists is provided ... More


Function and Truth in Ethics

Michael Smith

in The Philosophy of Philip Kitcher

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199381357
eISBN:
9780199381371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381357.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Michael Smith raises concerns about Kitcher’s account of ethical truth. He argues that there is a gap between the ethical rules we need to adopt in order for ethical practice to serve its function of ... More


Aftereffects of Utopian Practice

Andrea Muehlebach

in The Moral Neoliberal: Welfare and Citizenship in Italy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226545394
eISBN:
9780226545417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226545417.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

This chapter explores the ways in which ethical citizenship operates as a depoliticizing tool while simultaneously opening up new political possibilities. Almost all the volunteers the author spoke ... More


Relevance of primary care bioethics committees in public health ethical practice in the community: an experience in an area of extreme poverty in Santiago, Chile

Marla Solari and Tatiana Escobar-koch

in Public health ethics and practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847421029
eISBN:
9781447303114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847421029.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines the importance of primary care bioethics in public health ethical practice in the community setting, focusing on case studies in Santiago, Chile. The example of the local ... More


Working at care

Marian Barnes

in Care in everyday life: An ethic of care in practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9781847428233
eISBN:
9781447307686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428233.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Many people are employed in jobs that are linked to care. But it is in this context that care as a value has come under particular attack. The work of those paid to care for disabled people and ... More


Teaching Justice After MacIntyre: Toward a Catholic Philosophy of Moral Education

Roger Bergman

in Catholic Social Learning: Educating the Faith That Does Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780823233281
eISBN:
9780823241736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233281.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter outlines MacIntyre's argument in his work “Plain Persons and Moral Philosophers” that Aristotelian practical reason is the best tradition of ethical practice available. It recapitulates ... More


Working on the Self

Jarrett Zigon

in “HIV Is God's Blessing”: Rehabilitating Morality in Neoliberal Russia

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520267626
eISBN:
9780520948327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267626.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter deals with the particularities of the Church-run rehabilitation process, which emphasizes the need for the rehabilitants to do work on themselves. There is no quick fix for addiction: it ... More


Getting It Together

John J. Piderit

in Sexual Morality: A Natural Law Approach to Intimate Relationships

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199793273
eISBN:
9780190258313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199793273.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter presents an exchange between David and Maria that highlights two important aspects of living an authentically moral life. The most important point is that ethical knowledge alone does ... More


Some Closing Words

Jarrett Zigon

in “HIV Is God's Blessing”: Rehabilitating Morality in Neoliberal Russia

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520267626
eISBN:
9780520948327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267626.003.0012
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

In the Russian Orthodox Church's perspective, HIV is considered God's blessing. This chapter sheds light on the unintended consequences of this blessing. The Church considers HIV a blessing because ... More


On Metropolitan Readings of Latin American Cultures: Ethical Questions of Postcolonial Critical Practice

Mark I. Millington

in Postcolonial Perspectives on the Cultures of Latin America and Lusophone Africa

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853235668
eISBN:
9781846313851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853235668.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter discusses the importance of ‘reading Otherwise’. It examines the nature of the place from which the metropolitan critic speaks specifically in relation to Latin American cultures. It ... More


Pōwhiri: a safe space of cultural encounter to assist transnational social workers in the profession in Aotearoa New Zealand

Wheturangi Walsh-Tapiata, Helen Simmons, Litea Meo-Sewabu, and Antoinette Umugwaneza

in Transnational Social Work: Opportunities and Challenges of a Global Profession

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781447333364
eISBN:
9781447333401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447333364.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

The Indigenous peoples of Aotearoa New Zealand (Māori) believe that, when any visitor or guest arrives in their land, that they should be invited and welcomed. This helps to establish a relationship ... More


Contexts to safeguarding older people from abuse

Angie Ash

in Safeguarding older people from abuse: Critical contexts to policy and practice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781447305668
eISBN:
9781447311683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305668.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter sets out the book’s themes and origins. The book originated in the author’s work on a number of independent case reviews where an older person had suffered abuse. These, variously, ... More


The Global Financial Crisis and Social Justice: The Crisis Seen through the Lens of Catholic Social Doctrine

SJ Paul Fitzgerald

in The Global Financial Crisis and Its Aftermath: Hidden Factors in the Meltdown

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199386222
eISBN:
9780199386253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199386222.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

In a free and just society, people should be able to depend upon the honesty and the ethics of the professionals who would do business with them as they seek to realize their financial plans. Alas, ... More


KaibaraEkken’s Precepts for Daily Life in Japan

Mary Evelyn Tucker

in Finding Wisdom in East Asian Classics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153973
eISBN:
9780231527194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153973.003.0028
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses Precepts for Daily Life in Japan by Kaibara Ekken (1630–1714). Ekken was regarded by his contemporaries and by later generations as a major figure in Japanese intellectual ... More


Discussion: Concepts and Strategies for Evaluating Oral History Research

Patricia Leavy

in Oral History: Understanding Qualitative Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195395099
eISBN:
9780190255756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195395099.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter reviews a range of concepts appropriate for evaluating oral history research. It presents strategies researchers can employ in their own research in order to address each dimension on ... More


Man’s Utility to Man: Reason and Its Place in Nature

Hasana Sharp

in Spinoza and the Politics of Renaturalization

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226750743
eISBN:
9780226750750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226750750.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter takes on the task of placing some sense into Spinoza’s appeals to “human nature,” his unequivocal valorization of human association and friendship, and his understanding of reason as the ... More


Reflections on an Urban Thoreau: A Peaceful Ending to the Life of Cowboy

David Wendell Moller

in Dying at the Margins: Reflections on Justice and Healing for Inner-City Poor

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780199760145
eISBN:
9780190918118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199760145.003.0012
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Cowboy’s story reminds us that the care of the dying is best done in community. His increasing vulnerability is an uncomfortable reminder that we, too, may someday be dependent upon others to meet ... More


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