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Ethical Naturalism

Nicholas L. Sturgeon

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Ethical naturalism holds that ethical facts about such matters as good and bad, right and wrong, are part of a purely natural world — the world studied by the sciences. It is supported by the ... More


Ethical Non-Naturalism and the Metaphysics of Supervenience

Tristram McPherson

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653492
eISBN:
9780191741661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653492.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is widely accepted that the ethical supervenes on the natural, where this is roughly the claim that it is impossible for two circumstances to be identical in all natural respects, but different in ... More


Ethical Non-naturalism

Russ Shafer-Landau

in Moral Realism: A Defence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259755.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Defends ethical non‐naturalism. Presents G. E. Moore's open question argument as the basis for drawing a natural/non‐natural divide, and discusses various ways of marking the distinction between the ... More


Naturalism for Rational Animals

Rosalind Hursthouse

in On Virtue Ethics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247998
eISBN:
9780191597756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247994.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Ethical naturalism is not to be construed as the attempt to ground ethical evaluations in a scientific account of human nature; ethical evaluations are disanalogous to non‐ethical ones in various ... More


On Virtue Ethics

Rosalind Hursthouse

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247998
eISBN:
9780191597756
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247994.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

On Virtue Ethics is an exposition and defence of neo‐Aristotelian virtue ethics. The first part discusses the ways in which it can provide action guidance and action assessment, which ... More


Value Judgement: Improving Our Ethical Beliefs

James Griffin

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198752318
eISBN:
9780191597541
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198752318.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The book asks how, and how much, we can improve our ethical standards—not lift our behaviour closer to our standards but refine the standards themselves. To answer this question requires answering ... More


Naturalism

Rosalind Hursthouse

in On Virtue Ethics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247998
eISBN:
9780191597756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247994.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Virtues are those character traits that make a human being a good human being— those traits that human beings need to live well as human beings, to live a characteristically human life. Ethical ... More


Aquinas’s Theory of Natural Law: An Analytic Reconstruction

Anthony J. Lisska

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269670
eISBN:
9780191683732
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269670.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This new critique of Aquinas' theory of natural law presents an incisive, new analysis of the central themes and relevant texts in the Summa Theologiae, which became the classical canon for natural ... More


Dào as a Naturalistic Focus

Chad Hansen

in Ethics in Early China: An Anthology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888028931
eISBN:
9789882209800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028931.003.0015
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Modern ethical naturalism has the challenge of showing how normativity, broadly speaking, is a feature of the natural world—a description, roughly, acceptable in the language of modern natural ... More


Natural Law Revisited

Anthony J. Lisska

in Aquinas’s Theory of Natural Law: An Analytic Reconstruction

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269670
eISBN:
9780191683732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269670.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines how Thomas Aquinas' natural law ethical theory might fit into the programme of contemporary moral and legal discussions. The analyses in this chapter indicate how Aristotle and ... More


Aquinas’s Theory of Natural Law: A Reconstruction

Anthony J. Lisska

in Aquinas’s Theory of Natural Law: An Analytic Reconstruction

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269670
eISBN:
9780191683732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269670.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter proposes a reconstruction of Thomas Aquinas' theory of natural law. It aims to elucidate the texts and the metaphysics underlying Aquinas' moral theory using an approach called ... More


The Boundaries of the Natural World

James Griffin

in Value Judgement: Improving Our Ethical Beliefs

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198752318
eISBN:
9780191597541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198752318.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Can values be reduced to facts about nature? There are different forms of ethical naturalism: conceptual naturalism (that value‐terms are definable in natural terms, a view that G.E. Moore famously ... More


Natural Goodness and ‘Second Nature’: John McDowell and David Wiggins

Angus Ritchie

in From Morality to Metaphysics: The Theistic Implications of our Ethical Commitments

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652518
eISBN:
9780191745850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652518.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines John McDowell's ‘re-enchanted’ naturalism; a position that builds on Foot's and seeks to answer the objection advanced in Chapter 5. After offering an exposition of McDowell's ... More


The Naturalistic Fallacy: The Logic of its Refutation

Arthur N. Prior

in Logic and the Basis of Ethics

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241577
eISBN:
9780191680380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241577.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses and explains what Professor G. E. Moore calls naturalistic fallacy, and what he considers to be involved in its fallaciousness. The chapter also gives reasons regarding Moore’s ... More


Alternatives to a Divine Command Theory

C. Stephen Evans

in God and Moral Obligation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199696680
eISBN:
9780191744266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696680.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter considers a number of metaethical accounts which are often regarded as rivals to a divine command account. The chapter argues that some of them, such as ethical naturalism, ethical ... More


Natural Goodness: Philippa Foot’s Moral Objectivism

Angus Ritchie

in From Morality to Metaphysics: The Theistic Implications of our Ethical Commitments

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652518
eISBN:
9780191745850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652518.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter evaluates Philippa Foot's moral philosophy, applying the three standards she sets for a satisfactory account — namely that it should vindicate our fundamental moral commitments; explain ... More


Right Reason in Natural Law Moral Theory: Thomas Aquinas and William of Ockham

Anthony J. Lisska

in Reason, Religion, and Natural Law: From Plato to Spinoza

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199767175
eISBN:
9780199979592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199767175.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Recent scholarship argues that William of Ockham was not the radical voluntarist that historians of philosophy sometimes claimed. This “revisionist” account depends upon a reading of “recta ratio”. ... More


In Defence Of Reductionism In Ethics

Frank Jackson

in Does Anything Really Matter?: Essays on Parfit on Objectivity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199653836
eISBN:
9780191823916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653836.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A version of ethical naturalism is defended against Parfit’s criticisms. The implications of the grounding of the ethical in the non-ethical and of the supervenience of the ethical on the non-ethical ... More


Three Theories of Value: a Kierkegaardian Critique

Anthony Rudd

in Self, Value, and Narrative: A Kierkegaardian Approach

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199660049
eISBN:
9780191744976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660049.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

Detailed critical consideration of Frankfurt’s evaluative anti-realism, Korsgaard’s constructivism and Philippa Foot’s neo-Aristotelian naturalism, gives further (negative) support to Kierkegaard’s ... More


Naturalism in Aristotle’s Politics

Sylvia Berryman

in Aristotle on the Sources of the Ethical Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198835004
eISBN:
9780191876561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835004.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The use of substantive appeals to human nature to justify slavery and the subordination of women, as well as to argue for the polis as the ideal form of political organization, are prominent features ... More


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