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Kelvin, Maxwell, Einstein and the Ether: Who was Right about What?

C. W. Francis Everitt

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

Ether theory (according to the myth) requires that as the Earth moves through space, the measured velocity of light parallel and perpendicular to its motion will vary. Two American physicists, A. A. ... More


Stokes’s Optics 1: Waves in Luminiferous Media

Olivier Darrigol

in George Gabriel Stokes: Life, Science and Faith

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198822868
eISBN:
9780191861321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198822868.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The purpose of this chapter and the following one is to explore and explain the rich diversity of Stokes’s contributions to physical optics in Cambridge and world contexts. He triggered debates and ... More


To Save the Phenomena 1

Bas C. van Fraassen

in The Scientific Image

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244271
eISBN:
9780191597473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244274.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

What is the empirical content of a theory? If a theory is identified with one of its linguistic formulations, the only available answers allow for no non‐trivial distinction between empirical and ... More


The Limits of Science

Matthew Stanley

in Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon: From Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226164878
eISBN:
9780226164908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226164908.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

One of the most contentious issues with which the emerging naturalism had to grapple was the question of what, if anything, was beyond science’s grasp. Both naturalists and theists accused each other ... More


Prediction and Accommodation: The Acceptance of Mendeleev’s Periodic System

Eric Scerri

in The Periodic Table: Its Story and Its Significance

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190914363
eISBN:
9780197559925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190914363.003.0010
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

Although periodic systems were produced independently by six codiscoverers in the space of a decade, Dmitri Mendeleev’s system is the one that has had the greatest impact by far. Not only was ... More


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