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The estuarine environment

Donald S. McLusky and Michael Elliott

in The Estuarine Ecosystem: Ecology, Threats and Management

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525080
eISBN:
9780191728198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525080.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the physical and chemical features which mould the estuarine environment. An estuary is a partially enclosed body of water formed where freshwater from rivers and streams flows ... More


Life in estuaries

Donald S. McLusky and Michael Elliott

in The Estuarine Ecosystem: Ecology, Threats and Management

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525080
eISBN:
9780191728198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525080.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers the general features that are common to plants and animals in estuaries. All the plants and animals in estuaries originate from either the sea or from freshwaters. They either ... More


Vaulted Stone Bridges: From the Eleventh Century to the Late Middle Ages

DAVID HARRISON

in The Bridges of Medieval England: Transport and Society 400-1800

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199226856
eISBN:
9780191709760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226856.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The earliest surviving stone arched bridge in England probably dates from the late 11th century, and it seems that at that date they were rare. Over the following centuries, a huge number were ... More


Estuarine uses and users

Donald S. McLusky and Michael Elliott

in The Estuarine Ecosystem: Ecology, Threats and Management

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525080
eISBN:
9780191728198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525080.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers the uses made of estuaries, and then examines the various responses of estuarine organisms to each usage. It looks at many forms of pollution separately, but also (because they ... More


Methods for studying human-induced changes in estuaries

Donald S. McLusky and Michael Elliott

in The Estuarine Ecosystem: Ecology, Threats and Management

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525080
eISBN:
9780191728198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525080.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter looks at the assessment of biological change due to man's activities. It asks: what is normal situation and what are the limits of expected variability? Has there been a change from the ... More


The management of estuaries

Donald S. McLusky and Michael Elliott

in The Estuarine Ecosystem: Ecology, Threats and Management

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525080
eISBN:
9780191728198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525080.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The main objective of estuarine management is to devise a framework within which man may coexist with nature. This chapter divides estuarine management into three broad areas: policies and ... More


Plant and Animal Life

David Yetman and Thomas R. Van Devender

in Mayo Ethnobotany: Land, History, and Traditional Knowledge in Northwest Mexico

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520227217
eISBN:
9780520926356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520227217.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter describes the animals and plants found in the lands inhabited by the Mayos. It explains that the coastal vegetation of Mayo lands is divided into two subgroups, estuarine plants and dune ... More


Habitats

Judith S. Weis

in Walking Sideways: The Remarkable World of Crabs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450501
eISBN:
9780801466045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450501.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter explores the various habitats of crabs, noting that they can be found in all kinds of habitats from the shoreline to the deep sea, in marine, estuarine, and freshwater environments, and ... More


Estuarine Wetlands

Brenda J. Grewell, John C. Callaway, and Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.

in Terrestrial Vegetation of California, 3rd Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520249554
eISBN:
9780520933361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249554.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses vegetation of the estuarine wetlands of California's coast, focusing on vegetated wetlands dominated by vascular plants. It begins by discussing important ecosystem functions ... More


The Biogeography of Marine Incursions in South America

Devin D. Bloom and Nathan R. Lovejoy

in Historical Biogeography of Neotropical Freshwater Fishes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268685
eISBN:
9780520948501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268685.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter examines the biogeography of marine incursions in South America. It summarizes evidence for marine incursions into the continental interior during the Miocene period and considers the ... More


Bays and Estuaries

LARRY G. ALLEN, MARY M. YOKLAVICH, GREGOR M. CAILLIET, and MICHAEL H. HORN

in The Ecology of Marine Fishes: California and Adjacent Waters

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246539
eISBN:
9780520932470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246539.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Estuaries are among the most productive areas on earth, and fish biomass in these habitats ranks with that of the marine regions of upwelling, coral reefs, and kelp beds. This chapter characterizes ... More


The Lakes of Pontchartrain: Their History and Environments

Robert W. Hastings

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604732719
eISBN:
9781604734706
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604732719.001.0001
Subject:
History, Environmental History

A vital and volatile part of the New Orleans landscape and lifestyle, the Lake Pontchartrain Basin actually contains three major bodies of water—Lakes Borgne, Pontchartrain, and Maurepas. These make ... More


Tidal Wetland Vegetation and Ecotone Profiles: The Rush Ranch Open Space Preserve

Christine R. Whitcraft, Brenda J. Grewell, and Peter Baye

in Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes: The San Francisco Estuary

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520274297
eISBN:
9780520954014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274297.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Rush Ranch includes the largest remaining tidal marsh within Suisun Marsh of the San Francisco estuary. Estuarine geomorphic units frame its diverse wetland vegetation, influenced by estuarine ... More


Invertebrates: Past and Current Invasions

Elizabeth D. Brusati

in Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes: The San Francisco Estuary

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520274297
eISBN:
9780520954014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274297.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Introduced organisms have become the dominant invertebrate species in San Francisco Bay marshes and associated mudflats. This chapter focuses on epifaunal (surface-dwelling) and benthic infaunal ... More


Wetlands, Threats, and Water Requirements

Angela H. Arthington

in Environmental Flows: Saving Rivers in the Third Millennium

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520273696
eISBN:
9780520953451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273696.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Many different wetland types have been recognised, their character depending upon climatic and hydrogeomorphic setting, inundation regime, groundwater, water chemistry, and associated factors. ... More


Estuaries, Threats, And Flow Requirements

Angela H. Arthington

in Environmental Flows: Saving Rivers in the Third Millennium

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520273696
eISBN:
9780520953451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273696.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Estuaries can be classed as embayments and drowned river valleys, wave-dominated estuaries, wave-dominated deltas, coastal lakes and lagoons and strandplain-associated creeks, tide-dominated ... More


Research Reserves as a Model for Conservation Science and Management of Tidal Marshes

Matthew C. Ferner

in Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes: The San Francisco Estuary

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520274297
eISBN:
9780520954014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274297.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Research reserves are protected natural areas where scientists conduct environmental and ecological studies. Coordinated monitoring, long-term datasets, experimental infrastructure, and the ... More


Colonization of Coastal and Estuarine Environments

Joseph L. Staton, Brian A. Canada, Stephen A. Borgianini, and Karen M. Barkel

in Evolution and Biogeography: Volume 8

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780190637842
eISBN:
9780197538265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190637842.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Coastal and estuarine environments are some of the best-known and most well-studied ecosystems in the world in that these regions lie in close proximity to much of the world’s human population. The ... More


The Benthos in the Management of Marine Sediments

John S. Gray and Michael Elliott

in Ecology of Marine Sediments: From Science to Management

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198569015
eISBN:
9780191916717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198569015.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Throughout the previous chapters, we have focused on our understanding of the benthic system, its processes, structure, and functioning but, hopefully, we have also shown some of the changes to the ... More


Carbon Cycle

Thomas S. Bianchi

in Biogeochemistry of Estuaries

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195160826
eISBN:
9780197562048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195160826.003.0023
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

Carbon is the key element of life on Earth and exists in more than a million compounds (Holmén, 2000; Berner, 2004). The unique covalent long-chained and aromatic carbon compounds form the basis of ... More


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