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Biopsychological and Neural Processes of Implicit Motivation

Julie L. Hall, Steven J. Stanton, and Oliver C. Schultheiss

in Implicit Motives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335156
eISBN:
9780199776955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter we provide an overview of recent research on the biopsychological correlates of implicit motives. We review evidence for a role of gonadal steroids (testosterone and estradiol) as ... More


Hormonal Influences on Brain Plasticity: II. Sex Hormones

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter discusses the actions of gonadal hormones on synaptic plasticity and cellular replacement, and the potential mechanisms involved in the hormonal actions. It begins by examining the ... More


Sex Differences in HPA Axis Regulation

Elizabeth A. Young, Ania Korszun, Helmer F. Figueiredo, Matia Banks-Solomon, and James P. Herman

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0000
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter reviews the interactions between gonadal steroids and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, especially the ability of gonadal steroids to modulate glucocorticoidnegative ... More


Sex Differences in Motivation

Jill B. Becker and Jane R. Taylor

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter develops the thesis that sexually dimorphic development of the neural systems involved in motivation has evolved due to sex differences in care of young. It proposes that sex differences ... More


Brain Aromatase and Territorial Aggression Across the Seasons in Male Song Sparrows

Sarah A. Heimovics, H. Bobby Fokidis, and Kiran K. Soma

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Research on free-living songbirds has revealed novel and important insights into the various contexts in which 17β-estradiol (E2) activates aggressive behavior. In the Pacific Northwest, male song ... More


Aromatase and Sexual Differentiation of the Rodent Brain: The Old, the New, and the Unexpected

Margaret M. McCarthy, Christopher L. Wright, and Anne T. M. Konkle

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The central role of neuronal aromatase activity in masculinization of the rodent brain has been firmly established for almost 40 years, yet the myriad of mechanisms by which the principal product of ... More


Aromatase and Sexual Differentiation: Lessons from the Aromatase and Alpha-Fetoprotein Knockout Mice

Julie Bakker

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Much evidence suggests that many, although not all, of the perinatal organizational actions of testosterone on the development of the male brain actually results from the cellular effects of ... More


Brain Aromatase and Neuroprotection in Mammals

Iñigo Azcoitia, Maria Angeles Arevalo, and Luis Miguel Garcia-Segura

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Recent studies suggest that, at least under neurodegenerative conditions, local brain formation of estradiol by the enzyme aromatase is an endogenous neuroprotective mechanism. This chapter reviews ... More


Photoperiodic Regulation of Estrogen-Dependent Aggression

Sarah A. Laredo and Brian C. Trainor

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Steroid hormones, including estrogens, play an important role in regulating aggressive behaviors in many vertebrate species. Recent studies have demonstrated that the effects of estrogens on ... More


Cellular Mechanisms Controlling Rapid Changes in Brain Aromatase Activity

Thierry D. Charlier, Charlotte A. Cornil, Gregory F. Ball, and Jacques Balthazart

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Beside their action at the genomic level, estrogens such as 17β-estradiol (E2) also activate rapid and transient cellular, physiological, and behavioral changes. Aromatase is the key limiting enzyme ... More


Rapid Effects of Estradiol on Behavioral and Physiological Responses Related to Reproduction in Male Goldfish

Richmond R. Thompson and Lisa A. Mangiamele

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Although estrogens clearly have rapid, nongenomic effects on cell physiology and brain function, only a few animal models have been developed in which the behavioral consequences of those mechanisms ... More


The Aromatization Hypothesis, 1970–1990

Lynwood G. Clemens

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

In the 1970s Carlos Beyers and his colleagues demonstrated that androgens that cannot be aromatized to estrogen also do not mimic testosterone in some test situations. These early tests of the ... More


Hormonal Control of Maternal Behavior in Nonhuman Mammals

Michael Numan

in The Parental Brain: Mechanisms, Development, and Evolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190848675
eISBN:
9780190848705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190848675.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 3 describes the hormones that promote the immediate onset of maternal behavior at parturition, drawing on research from rats, rabbits, sheep, mice, and nonhuman primates. The critical ... More


Introduction to Estrogens and Memory: Basic Research and Clinical Implications

Karyn M. Frick

in Estrogens and Memory: Basic Research and Clinical Implications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190645908
eISBN:
9780190645922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190645908.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The goal of this introductory chapter is to provide historical and organizational context for the book as a whole. The chapter begins by discussing findings from previous studies published in the ... More


Rapid Effects of Estradiol on Dendritic Spines and Synaptic Plasticity in the Male and Female Hippocampus

Asami Kato, Gen Murakami, Yasushi Hojo, Sigeo Horie, and Suguru Kawato

in Estrogens and Memory: Basic Research and Clinical Implications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190645908
eISBN:
9780190645922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190645908.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Although the potent estrogen, 17β‎-estradiol (E2), has long been known to regulate the hippocampal dendritic spine density and synaptic plasticity, the molecular mechanisms through which it does so ... More


Hippocampal Synaptic Stability and Plasticity: The Role of Hippocampus-Derived Estradiol

Gabriele M. Rune

in Estrogens and Memory: Basic Research and Clinical Implications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190645908
eISBN:
9780190645922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190645908.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Estradiol synthesis depends on the activity of aromatase, the enzyme that specifically and irreversibly converts testosterone to estradiol in steroidogenesis. Aromatase is expressed and is active in ... More


Estrogenic Regulation of Glia and Neuroinflammation

Andrea Crespo-Castrillo, Maria Angeles Arevalo, Luis M. Garcia-Segura, and Natalia Yanguas-Casás

in Estrogens and Memory: Basic Research and Clinical Implications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190645908
eISBN:
9780190645922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190645908.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter on estrogenic regulation of glia and neuroinflammation reviews the role of glial cells in the modulation of synaptic function under physiological conditions and in the regulation of the ... More


Estrogenic Regulation of Synaptic Health and Cognition in Aging Rhesus Monkeys

Johanna L. Crimins, Yuko Hara, and John H. Morrison

in Estrogens and Memory: Basic Research and Clinical Implications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190645908
eISBN:
9780190645922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190645908.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

A compelling case can be made for estrogen’s role in maintaining synaptic health in the context of cognitive aging. This chapter first reviews clinical literature pertinent to estrogenic actions on ... More


Oral Contraceptive Effects on Cognition

Soniya Assudani Patel, Courtney McQuade, and Robert S. Astur

in Estrogens and Memory: Basic Research and Clinical Implications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190645908
eISBN:
9780190645922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190645908.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Oral contraception (OC) has been a common method of birth control for decades, yet the effects of this hormone manipulation on cognition are largely unknown. Although some studies have addressed this ... More


Considerations on the Use of Aromatase Inhibitors in Postmenopausal Women With Breast Cancer: Cognitive Function

Jeffrey D. Blaustein

in Estrogens and Memory: Basic Research and Clinical Implications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190645908
eISBN:
9780190645922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190645908.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

About 1 of every 8 women will develop breast cancer during her lifetime, and approximately 250,000 new cancer cases are expected annually as of 2017. Of those breast cancers, approximately 60% to 75% ... More


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