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Rousseau's Theodicy of Self-Love: Evil, Rationality, and the Drive for Recognition

Frederick Neuhouser

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199542673
eISBN:
9780191715402
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542673.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book studies Rousseau's rich and complex theory of the type of self-love (amour propre) that, for him, marks the central difference between humans and beasts. Amour-propre is the passion that ... More


 Psychological Harms of Oppression

Ann E. Cudd

in Analyzing Oppression

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195187434
eISBN:
9780199786213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187431.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses the direct and indirect psychological harms of oppression. Direct psychological harms are intentionally inflicted by dominant on subordinate groups. These include terror and ... More


From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Mike W. Martin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Morality and mental health are now inseparably linked in our view of character. Alcoholics are sick, yet they are punished for drunk driving. Drug addicts are criminals, but their punishment can be ... More


Checking the Republic

Philip Pettit

in Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296423
eISBN:
9780191600081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296428.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

What steps can be taken to place checks on those who run the republic, given the imperfections of human nature? The institutional resources available for guarding against corruptibility boil down to ... More


Civilizing the Republic

Philip Pettit

in Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296423
eISBN:
9780191600081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296428.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The laws that advance the aims of the republic, institutionalize its forms, and establish regulatory controls need to be supported by republican civil norms; the legal republic needs to become a ... More


Moral Health: Well‐Being and the Virtues

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter continues the discussion began in Chapter 1 on the ways moral values are embedded in conceptions of mental disorders and positive health, focusing on when mental health is defined ... More


Responsibility in Community

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Critics have interpreted the therapeutic trend as a replacement of community-oriented morality with self-oriented therapeutic values such as self-esteem, self-fulfilment, and authenticity. They ... More


How Needs Can Motivate Intergroup Reconciliation in the Face of Intergroup Conflict

Felicia Pratto and Demis E. Glasford

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the thesis that intergroup conflict may incite needs that can be met through intergroup reconciliation. In particular, it reviews research that suggests three needs that are ... More


Identities and Their Operation

Peter J. Burke and Jan E. Stets

in Identity Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388275
eISBN:
9780199943937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388275.003.0017
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter examines the identity control model and the identity-verification process. It pinpoints the component parts of identities and studies the present understandings on the way identities ... More


Voluntary Associations

Geoffrey Brennan and Philip Pettit

in The Economy of Esteem: An Essay on Civil and Political Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199246489
eISBN:
9780191601460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246483.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Although esteem cannot readily be the object of direct exchange, something rather like exchange can be secured in the economy of esteem via associations. By being ‘associated’ with B, A can earn ... More


Cultural Flexibility: The (un)Making of Multicultural Navigators

Prudence L. Carter

in Stubborn Roots: Race, Culture, and Inequality in U.S. and South African Schools

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199899630
eISBN:
9780199951147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899630.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Education, Race and Ethnicity

Chapter Four examines the differences in a core concept in the book, “cultural flexibility” (or the propensity to move across different cultural and social peer groups and environments), among ... More


WHEN REDEMPTION FAILS

Dan P. McAdams

in The Redemptive Self: Stories Americans Live By

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176933
eISBN:
9780199786787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176933.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The redemptive self is a psychologically powerful life narrative that supports a caring and productive (that is, generative) approach to life in the midlife years. However, the story is not without ... More


School Bullying: New Perspectives on a Growing Problem

David R. Dupper

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199859597
eISBN:
9780199315932
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199859597.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Bullying is one of the most prevalent and insidious forms of school violence today, impacting the learning environment of schools in profound ways. Victims of chronic bullying have poorer grades, ... More


ON FEELING INSULTED

Jerome Neu

in Sticks and Stones: The Philosophy of Insults

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195314311
eISBN:
9780199871780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314311.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Starting with etymological issues, this chapter focuses on the relation of feeling insulted to anger and dejection, the contrast between intentional and unintentional insult, and issues of ... More


Persuading and Motivating Positive Health Behaviors

Leslie R. Martin, Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek, and M. Robin DiMatteo

in Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence: Evidence-based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380408
eISBN:
9780199864454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores the factors that influence people to initially adopt, and then to pursue, a health-related goal. These include things such as social comparisons, emotions (e.g., fear or ... More


The Economy of Esteem: An Essay on Civil and Political Society

Geoffrey Brennan and Philip Pettit

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199246489
eISBN:
9780191601460
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246483.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

However much people want esteem, it is an untradeable commodity: there is no way that I can buy the good opinion of another or sell to others my good opinion of them. But though it is a non-tradable ... More


The Nature and Attraction of Esteem

Geoffrey Brennan and Philip Pettit

in The Economy of Esteem: An Essay on Civil and Political Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199246489
eISBN:
9780191601460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246483.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Social esteem is to be distinguished from a variety of other attitudes like love and admiration or, on the negative side, hate or disgust. Positive esteem is something that we human beings find ... More


The Early Years

Gerald Gunther

in Learned Hand: The Man and the Judge

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195377774
eISBN:
9780199869374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377774.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Legal History

This chapter details the early years of Learned Hand. Learned was born on January 27, 1872, the second and last child of Lydia and Samuel Hand. On the surface, his family environment seemed secure ... More


Promotion To The Second Circuit

Gerald Gunther

in Learned Hand: The Man and the Judge

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195377774
eISBN:
9780199869374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377774.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Legal History

This chapter details Learned Hand's promotion to the Second Circuit Court of Appeals. By the spring of 1917, after only eight years on the bench, Hand was the most senior judge of his district. He ... More


How Men Feel

Judy B. Rosener

in America’s Competitive Secret: Women Managers

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195119145
eISBN:
9780199854882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119145.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

The way that men perceive the women they encounter at work is often influenced by profession, ethnicity, age, religion, marital status, temperament, and other such elements. It is important to note ... More


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