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The Estates of Blois and the Bien Public

MARK GREENGRASS

in Governing Passions: Peace and Reform in the French Kingdom, 1576-1585

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199214907
eISBN:
9780191706561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214907.003.03
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter examines the estates general of Blois, a national assembly summoned at the Palace Academy of Henry III of France on November 15, 1576. The delegates arrived equipped with cahiers which ... More


The Monarchical State of the Later Middle Ages

ALAN HARDING

in Medieval Law and the Foundations of the State

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198219583
eISBN:
9780191717574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198219583.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

In later medieval France and England chroniclers and royal councillors began to assess the ‘state of the kingdom’, marrying the political theory of Aristotle to contemporary experience of what were ... More


The End of an Élite: The French Bishops and the Coming of the Revolution 1786-1790

Nigel Aston

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202844
eISBN:
9780191675553
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202844.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

This book offers a scholarly study in English of the bishops of the French church at the outbreak of the French Revolution. The 130 members of the episcopate formed an elite within an elite, the ... More


The Cahier de Doléances, 1561

Allan A. Tulchin

in That Men Would Praise the Lord: The Reformation in Nimes, 1530-1570

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736522
eISBN:
9780199866229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736522.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter discusses Nîmes’s cahier de doléances, written for the Pontoise session of the national Estates General of 1561. It was written by the Protestant party, which wove together religious and ... More


The Maréchal de Castries and the Pre-Revolution

Munro Price

in The Crisis of the Absolute Monarchy: France from Old Regime to Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265383
eISBN:
9780191760433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265383.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The actions and writings during the pre-revolution of the maréchal de Castries, minister of the marine from 1780 to 1787, shed significant new light on the absolute monarchy at the moment of its ... More


The end of the First Estate: the bishops and the Estates-General, May-July 1789

Nigel Aston

in The End of an Élite: The French Bishops and the Coming of the Revolution 1786-1790

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202844
eISBN:
9780191675553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202844.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

The actions of J.-M. Champion de Cicé and his liberal aides had left the First Estate in a desperate plight. The nerve of the most prominent conservatives had broken; Archbishop de Juigné was ... More


Introduction: The Crisis of the Absolute Monarchy*

Julian Swann

in The Crisis of the Absolute Monarchy: France from Old Regime to Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265383
eISBN:
9780191760433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265383.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter examines the historiographical debates inspired by the French Revolution, discussing how the impact of the Revisionist attack on the social (or Marxist) interpretation led to a richer, ... More


Aristocracy Attacked: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Order

William Doyle

in Aristocracy and its Enemies in the Age of Revolution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199559855
eISBN:
9780191701788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559855.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter highlights the rise and fall of the noble order. There were three generals or orders of the realm that were represented by the Estates-General. The first order, the clergy, was the only ... More


The Revolt of the Curés

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0029
Subject:
Religion, Church History

As the only members of the clerical estate in regular contact with the people, many curés throughout the eighteenth century had protested against social injustice and of the abuses of nobles, of the ... More


Necker, the clergy and ‘patriotism’

Nigel Aston

in The End of an Élite: The French Bishops and the Coming of the Revolution 1786-1790

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202844
eISBN:
9780191675553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202844.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

Jacques Necker was back in office before the fugitive Loménie de Brienne had got as far as Sens, leaving behind only effigies of himself for the vengeance of the Paris mob. Necker's close ally, ... More


Bishops versus curés: clerical elections to the Estates-General, spring 1789

Nigel Aston

in The End of an Élite: The French Bishops and the Coming of the Revolution 1786-1790

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202844
eISBN:
9780191675553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202844.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

Jacques Necker's electoral règlement made it unlikely that the bishops would have the chance of shining at the Estates-General with ‘toutes les splendeurs de sa primauté’. The rules seemed designed ... More


Restoring Virtue, 1579–1582

MARK GREENGRASS

in Governing Passions: Peace and Reform in the French Kingdom, 1576-1585

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199214907
eISBN:
9780191706561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214907.003.08
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Quatrains, a modest volume of fifty four line poems written by Guy Du Faur, sieur de Pibrac, in 1574, are a reminder that reform must not be interpreted simply as administrative ... More


The Illusion of Decline

P. R. Cavill

in The English Parliaments of Henry VII 1485-1504

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199573837
eISBN:
9780191721878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573837.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Part III explores the effect of the new monarchy on parliament's standing as an institution. Chapter 7 debates the character of Henry VII's relationship with parliament. It first discusses why the ... More


Democratic Millennialism: French Revolution (1789–1815 ce)

Richard Landes

in Heaven on Earth: The Varieties of the Millennial Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199753598
eISBN:
9780199897445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753598.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter explores the French Revolution as an attempt to realize the millennial dream of an egalitarian society articulated by some of the currents within the Enlightenment. It identifies the ... More


The Commonwealth and the Catholic Church in 1788

Richard Butterwick

in The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792: A Political History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199250332
eISBN:
9780191730986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250332.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The fortunes of the Commonwealth and the Church in the eighteenth century are sketched via the career of Kajetan Sołtyk (1715‐88), successively bishop of Kiev and Cracow, who in 1767 was deported to ... More


The French Revolution, Catholic Anxieties, and the Sacred Heart

Raymond Jonas

in France and the Cult of the Sacred Heart: An Epic Tale for Modern Times

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520221369
eISBN:
9780520924017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520221369.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter takes a look at the Sacred Heart of Jesus during the French Revolution. It first studies the efforts to crush the invading army that was intent on ending the Revolution and restoring the ... More


Deliberating Bodies

Jon Elster

in France before 1789: The Unraveling of an Absolutist Regime

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691149813
eISBN:
9780691200927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149813.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter talks about the genuinely representative bodies in the old regime. It describes the Estates-General, the provincial Estates in the pays d'états, the quinquennial assemblies of the ... More


Sanhedrin

David Sorkin

in Jewish Emancipation: A History Across Five Centuries

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691164946
eISBN:
9780691189673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164946.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This chapter describes how Napoleon's measures repudiated the unconditional emancipation of September 27, 1791. Napoleon reverted to a conditional emancipation reminiscent of Jean-François Reubell's ... More


Estates and Demons

Howell A. Lloyd

in Jean Bodin, ‘This Pre-eminent Man of France’: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198800149
eISBN:
9780191839962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198800149.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, History of Ideas

A brief account of Bodin’s presence at Henri III’s discussion group, the ‘Académie du Palais’, prefaces a review of the Angevin’s activities as a deputy at the Blois Estates-general (1576), an ... More


The Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre: The Mysteries of a Crime of State

Arlette Jouanna

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719097553
eISBN:
9781781708880
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097553.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre, which began in Paris in August 1572 and later spread to numerous other French towns, was the most notorious bloodbath of its kind in early modern Europe. ... More


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