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Essential drugs

Kathleen Holloway

in Public Health: An action guide to improving health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199238934
eISBN:
9780191716621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238934.003.012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The efficient management of essential medicines is a condition for the successful functioning of health systems at all levels. Despite spending about 20 per cent of their limited overall health ... More


Patents and Public Health: Principle, Politics and Paradox: British Academy Law Lecture

Edwin Cameron and Jonathan Berger

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 131, 2004 Lectures

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263518
eISBN:
9780191734021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263518.003.0012
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture discusses how patent protection has been used in order to limit access to essential medicines. It considers how patents can be justified and shows how and why the ‘principle of balance’ ... More


A Better Remedy

Fran Quigley

in Prescription for the People: An Activist's Guide to Making Medicine Affordable for All

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501713750
eISBN:
9781501713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501713750.003.0021
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Current law, along with limited changes to existing law, both provide many opportunities for access to affordable generic medicines. There are far better ways to develop medicines and to ensure ... More


Pharmaceutical Geographies: Mapping the Boundaries of the Therapeutic Revolution

Jeremy A. Greene

in Therapeutic Revolutions: Pharmaceuticals and Social Change in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226390734
eISBN:
9780226390901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390901.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter traces how a new critique of differential access to therapeutics developed in American domestic health policy and approaches to international development over the course of the 1960s and ... More


Evolution in Drug Access

Joia S. Mukherjee

in An Introduction to Global Health Delivery

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190662455
eISBN:
9780190662486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662455.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Treatment and curative medical care often require medication. This chapter focuses on the provision of medications in impoverished settings and the challenges that inhibit access to life-saving ... More


Thailand: From Village Safety to Universal Access

Joseph Harris

in Achieving Access: Professional Movements and the Politics of Health Universalism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501709968
eISBN:
9781501714832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709968.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

While Chapter 2 explored the historic contributions of the Rural Doctors’ Movement to universal healthcare in Thailand, this chapter explores the critical role played by the Drug Study Group and ... More


After McKeown: The Changing Roles of Biomedicine, Public Health, and Economic Growth in Mortality Declines

Paul Farmer, Matthew Basilico, and Luke Messac

in Therapeutic Revolutions: Pharmaceuticals and Social Change in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226390734
eISBN:
9780226390901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390901.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter refigures narratives of the mid-twentieth century “therapeutic revolution” as a geographically uneven process and explores how an equity platform—that is, an actionable plan by which ... More


Rating Efforts to Extend Access on Essential Medicines: Increasing Global Health Impact1

Nicole Hassoun

in Health Inequalities and Global Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780748646920
eISBN:
9780748676682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748646920.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Global inequality impacts global health. The rich can, but the poor cannot, access many of the existing medicines they need. This paper considers the prospects for rating pharmaceutical companies' ... More


Brazil: Constituting Rights, Setting Precedents, Challenging Norms

Joseph Harris

in Achieving Access: Professional Movements and the Politics of Health Universalism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501709968
eISBN:
9781501714832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709968.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

How did Brazil become an international model for the treatment of AIDS? In a domain dominated both by human rights and battles over patent law, this chapter argues that an understanding of the ... More


The New Patent Regime: The Activists and Their Allies

Murphy Halliburton

in India and the Patent Wars: Pharmaceuticals in the New Intellectual Property Regime

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501713460
eISBN:
9781501713972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501713460.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines efforts to resist the implementation of the new patent regime in India out of concern for the price of essential medicines. The Indian pharmaceutical sector has been a principle ... More


Building the Right to Health Movement: Activism, Advocacy, and Social Change

Joia S. Mukherjee

in An Introduction to Global Health Delivery

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190662455
eISBN:
9780190662486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662455.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

To achieve UHC and the right to health will require a movement in the US and globally. This chapter introduces the concept of social movements in global health. Activism was essential in causing the ... More


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