Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 170 items

  • Keywords: essential x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

The Characteristic Thesis of Anti‐Individualism

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents a rejoinder to McKinsey's response to Chapter 18.


Sortal Concepts and Essential Properties I: Substance Sortals and Essential Sortals

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines versions of so-called ‘sortal essentialism’. This is the view that some sortal concepts (roughly, concepts that provide criteria of identity or principles of individuation) ... More


Essential Properties and Remote Contingencies

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Having rejected the standard views about the essential properties of ordinary individuals, this chapter confronts the question whether such individuals have any interesting essential properties at ... More


Foundations Shaken but Not Stirred

Andrew Vincent

in The Nature of Political Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199271252
eISBN:
9780191601101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271259.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Examines the advent of logical positivism, the development of conceptual analysis, ordinary language philosophy, the so‐called death of political theory, the impact of linguistic philosophy and the ... More


All the Time in the Worlds: Gödel's Modal Moral

Craig Bourne

in A Future for Presentism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199212804
eISBN:
9780191707094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212804.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I discuss Gödel's philosophical position on the nature of time. I describe Gödel's model, which contains closed time‐like curves allowing us to take a journey into our future and arrive in our past, ... More


Truthmaking, Necessity, and Essential Dependence

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The notion of truthmaking is examined. A distinction is drawn between formal ontological predicates — which should not be taken to denote elements of being — and other predicates, with ‘is true’, ... More


Individual Essences and Bare Identities

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces the question of whether ordinary individuals have non-trivial individual essences: essential properties that are not only necessary but also sufficient for their identities in ... More


Origin Properties and Individual Essences

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Graeme Forbes has argued that many ordinary persisting things (including people, animals, and plants) can be attributed non-trivial individual essences that include distinctive features of their ... More


Sortal Concepts and Essential Properties II: Sortal Concepts and Principles of Individuation

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines David Wiggins’s version of sortal essentialism, which relies on the EPI thesis, that a thing’s principle of individuation is essential to it in order to derive the result that ... More


 A Rawlsian Society

Thomas Pogge

in John Rawls: His Life and Theory of Justice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195136364
eISBN:
9780199867691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136364.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter deals with Rawls's desire to develop a theory of social justice that is practical, and thus he emphasizes that moral considerations need to be sensitive to a certain degree to empirical ... More


The Scope and Structure of Public Reason

Jonathan Quong

in Liberalism without Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594870
eISBN:
9780191723513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594870.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This chapter defends two main claims about the scope and structure of public reason. First, the author defends the claim that public justification requires public reasons, that is, reasons which ... More


Public Health: An action guide to improving health

John Walley and John Wright (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199238934
eISBN:
9780191716621
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238934.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Many of the health problems in the developing world can be tackled or prevented through public health measures such as essential health care, improved living conditions, water, sanitation, nutrition, ... More


Agen(n)êtos and the Identity Thesis: Justin, Dionysius of Alexandria, and Athanasius

Andrew Radde‐Gallwitz

in Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and the Transformation of Divine Simplicity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199574117
eISBN:
9780191722110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574117.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

Chapter 3 sets the stage for the subsequent discussion of Eunomius of Cyzicus and his opponents. It outlines the background to his view that ingeneracy, that is, having no cause, is the essential ... More


Basil of Caesarea II: Concepts, Reality, and Reading

Andrew Radde‐Gallwitz

in Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and the Transformation of Divine Simplicity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199574117
eISBN:
9780191722110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574117.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

Chapter 6 is the second of two chapters on Basil of Caesarea. The chapter first focuses on the way Basil reclaims the idea that at least some theological terms are devised through human ... More


Religion and Public Reason in the Global Politics of Human Rights

Linda Hogan

in Religious Voices in Public Places

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199566624
eISBN:
9780191722042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566624.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Religion and Society

This chapter transposes the debate about the role of public reason onto the international plane, suggesting that since matters of basic justice and constitutional essentials are increasingly ... More


Realism

Caroline Jenkins

in Grounding Concepts: An Empirical Basis for Arithmetical Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231577
eISBN:
9780191716102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231577.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter aims to determine in exactly what sense we should be ‘realists’ about arithmetic, that is, exactly what kind of arithmetical ‘independence’ from the mind we should be interested in ... More


Canonical Synthesis: The Anglican Via Media

William J. Abraham

in Canon and Criterion in Christian Theology: From the Fathers to Feminism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250035
eISBN:
9780191600388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250030.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The great architects of the Anglican Reformation were clearly uneasy with the practical and pastoral problems generated by an exclusive appeal to sola scriptura. They restricted the ... More


Insufficiency

Sam Rohdie

in Film Modernism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992637
eISBN:
9781526104151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992637.003.0024
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

There are no essential images in Histoire(s) du cinéma. Every image in it has a certain irresoluteness. Every image can be undone and often is undone by the next. Generally, Godard does not ... More


Essential drugs

Kathleen Holloway

in Public Health: An action guide to improving health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199238934
eISBN:
9780191716621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238934.003.012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The efficient management of essential medicines is a condition for the successful functioning of health systems at all levels. Despite spending about 20 per cent of their limited overall health ... More


Patents and Public Health: Principle, Politics and Paradox: British Academy Law Lecture

Edwin Cameron and Jonathan Berger

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 131, 2004 Lectures

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263518
eISBN:
9780191734021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263518.003.0012
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture discusses how patent protection has been used in order to limit access to essential medicines. It considers how patents can be justified and shows how and why the ‘principle of balance’ ... More


View: