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Transport: blood and circulation

Derek Burton and Margaret Burton

in Essential Fish Biology: Diversity, structure, and function

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198785552
eISBN:
9780191827433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785552.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Animal Biology

The blood system transports nutrients, oxygen, carbon dioxide and nitrogenous wastes; other functions include defence. Fish have a closed, single circulation in which blood is pumped by a contractile ... More


The evolution of water-breathing respiratory faculties in craniotes

Steven F. Perry, Markus Lambertz, and Anke Schmitz

in Respiratory Biology of Animals: evolutionary and functional morphology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780199238460
eISBN:
9780191864056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199238460.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Developmental Biology

The major components of the respiratory faculty (gill structure, muscular ventilation, central heart and erythrocyte-containing blood, and pH-sensitive control of breathing) appear to have been ... More


Reactive species can pose special problems needing special solutions: some examples

Barry Halliwell and John M.C. Gutteridge

in Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198717478
eISBN:
9780191802133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717478.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter describes several situations in which free radicals/reactive species (RS) are especially problematic and require special protective mechanisms. The first is the gastrointestinal tract, ... More


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