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The Web in the Spider: Associative Learning Theory

Vsevolod Kapatsinski

in Changing Minds Changing Tools: From Learning Theory to Language Acquisition to Language Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037860
eISBN:
9780262346313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037860.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides an overview of basic learning mechanisms proposed within associationist learning theory: error-driven learning, Hebbian learning, and chunking. It takes the complementary ... More


Continuous Dimensions and Distributional Learning

Vsevolod Kapatsinski

in Changing Minds Changing Tools: From Learning Theory to Language Acquisition to Language Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037860
eISBN:
9780262346313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037860.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes the evidence for the existence of dimensions, focusing on the difference between the difficulty of attention shifts to a previously relevant vs. irrelevant dimension. It ... More


Changing Minds Changing Tools: From Learning Theory to Language Acquisition to Language Change

Vsevolod Kapatsinski

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037860
eISBN:
9780262346313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037860.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Language acquisition has often been approached as an isolated domain subject to its own laws and driven by its own mechanisms. The working hypothesis of this book is that language acquisition is ... More


Schematic Structure, Hebbian Learning, and Semantic Change

Vsevolod Kapatsinski

in Changing Minds Changing Tools: From Learning Theory to Language Acquisition to Language Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037860
eISBN:
9780262346313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037860.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter aims to explain some trends in semantic change with Hebbian learning. Semantic broadening observed in grammaticalization is argued to be seeded by speakers when they select frequent ... More


The Multiple Timescales of Memory

Reza Shadmehr and Sandro Mussa-Ivaldi

in Biological Learning and Control: How the Brain Builds Representations, Predicts Events, and Makes Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016964
eISBN:
9780262301282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016964.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter addresses the multiple timescales of memory. It explains the savings and spontaneous recovery of memory. It shows that animals display patterns of learning and forgetting. The active and ... More


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