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Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) in Neuroergonomics

Shimin Fu and Raja Parasuraman

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes how event-related potentials (ERPs) can be recorded and analyzed, and discusses research on a number of ERP components, focusing on those that are particularly relevant to ... More


Error Detection and Correction using SET®

Gary Gordon and Elizabeth McMahon

in The Mathematics of Various Entertaining Subjects: Research in Recreational Math

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164038
eISBN:
9781400881338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164038.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter considers two fundamental questions for detecting and correcting errors made while playing the card game SET®. The game is played with a special deck of eighty-one cards, and the ... More


The neurophysiology and functions of the orbitofrontal cortex

Edmund T. Rolls

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter considers the functions of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) based on analysis of neuronal activity in nonhuman primates and on fMRI in humans. Findings demonstrate that the OFC represents ... More


A survival value for consciousness?

Jeffrey Gray

in Consciousness: Creeping up on the hard problem

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198520917
eISBN:
9780191584916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520917.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Any account of the survival value of conscious experience must respect its lateness relative to the behaviour it accompanies. Most existing proposals as to the functions of consciousness ignore this ... More


Creeping up on the hard problem

Jeffrey Gray

in Consciousness: Creeping up on the hard problem

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198520917
eISBN:
9780191584916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520917.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter first sets out a series of starting assumptions that any theory of consciousness will need either to make or to choose between. It then sketches a (partial) theory based upon these ... More


Some Combinatorial Logic Examples

Paul J. Nahin

in The Logician and the Engineer: How George Boole and Claude Shannon Created the Information Age

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176000
eISBN:
9781400844654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176000.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The entire point of Shannon's 1948 “A Mathematical Theory of Communication” was to study the theoretical limits on the transmission of information from point A (the source) to point B (the receiver) ... More


The anterior cingulate cortex: reward-guided action selection and the value of actions

Matthew F. S. Rushworth and Mark E. Walton

in Sensorimotor Foundations of Higher Cognition

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231447
eISBN:
9780191696510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231447.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the contribution of the ventral and medial prefrontal regions of the brain, particularly the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), in the optimal ... More


Detecting Fraud and Errors Using Benfordʼs Law Mark Nigrini

Steven J. Miller (ed.)

in Benford's Law: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147611
eISBN:
9781400866595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147611.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter reviews Benford's law as it relates to detecting fraud and errors. It starts with an introduction and a review of selected parts of Benford's original 1938 paper, which shows the results ... More


Memory: General Considerations

Daniel Reisberg

in The Science of Perception and Memory: A Pragmatic Guide for the Justice System

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199826964
eISBN:
9780190204518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826964.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Chapter 2 noted that the human eye is sometimes compared to a camera, and human memory is sometimes compared to a videorecorder. As has been shown, though, these comparisons are misleading. Among ... More


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