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The Political System of the European Union

Neill Nugent and William Paterson

in Governing Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250158
eISBN:
9780191599439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250154.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

An examination is made of the political system of the European Union (EU), which seeks to highlight its key features. One of these underpins much of the explanation and analysis of the chapter: that ... More


Belarus and Ukraine: Democracy Building in a Grey Security Zone

Taras Kuzio

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Compares different paths of democratic consolidation in Belarus and Ukraine since the disintegration of the USSR. The author argues that Ukraine has evolved beyond ‘Electoral Democracy’ towards ‘ ... More


The Colour Purple: The End of Predictable Politics in the Low Countries

Kris Deschouwer

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Belgium and the Netherlands are often taken and presented together as the ‘Low Countries’, and there are good reasons for treating the two countries as part of a single category, since both are ... More


Tracing Landscape Change: The Geomorphological Record

David Beresford-Jones

in The Lost Woodlands of Ancient Nasca: A Case-study in Ecological and Cultural Collapse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264768
eISBN:
9780191754005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264768.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter sets out the geomorphological history of the basins of the lower Ica Valley — those processes of erosion and deposition which have formed and destroyed their archaeological record, and ... More


Influences on Ecosystem Function I: Erosion

Frederic H. Wagner and Richard B. Keigley

in Yellowstone's Destabilized Ecosystem: Elk Effects, Science, and Policy Conflict

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195148213
eISBN:
9780199790449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148213.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Early park accounts report significant soil erosion with the build-up of the elk herd, and comment that the original nature of the topsoil mantle would never be known. Observations of surface rock ... More


Influences on Ecosystem Function IV: Nitrogen Biogeochemistry

Frederic H. Wagner

in Yellowstone's Destabilized Ecosystem: Elk Effects, Science, and Policy Conflict

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195148213
eISBN:
9780199790449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148213.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Ungulate grazing, primarily by elk and bison, accelerates nitrogen cycling within the northern-range system by consumption, digestion, excretion, and subsequent mineralization. Ungulate use does not ... More


Grammatical Replication

Bernd Heine and Tania Kuteva

in The Changing Languages of Europe

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297337
eISBN:
9780191711220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297337.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter provides the outline of a model for studying contact-induced language change. On one hand, it deals with the pragmatics underlying the process, described in terms of use patterns, and on ... More


Adaptive Custom

Ekkehart Schlicht

in On Custom in the Economy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292241
eISBN:
9780191596865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292244.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, History of Economic Thought

Because custom is only vaguely defined with respect to its scope and content, this gives rise to the problem of erosion: people will bend the rules of custom in ambiguous cases by slightly ... More


Microeconomic Responses to Macroeconomic Reforms: The Optimal Control of Soil Erosion

Scott Barrett

in The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199240708
eISBN:
9780191718106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240708.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter aims to determine precisely how macroeconomic and sectoral policies influence soil conservation with the use of an optimal control model. It shows that in general, it is not possible to ... More


Biodiversity and the stability of ecosystem functioning

John N. Griffin, Eoin J. O’Gorman, Mark C. Emmerson, Stuart R. Jenkins, Alexandra-Maria Klein, Michel Loreau, and Amy Symstad

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547951
eISBN:
9780191720345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Concern that the rapid anthropogenic erosion of biodiversity may undermine the delivery of ecosystem services has prompted a synthesis of community and ecosystem ecology over the last decade. ... More


Mutualities and Obligations: Changing Social Relationships in Early Modern England: Raleigh Lecture On History

KEITH WRIGHTSON

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 139, 2005 Lectures

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263945
eISBN:
9780191734038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263945.003.0007
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses a theme for a variety of relationships of mutuality and obligation in early modern England. Relationships of mutual obligation are discussed, and are described as being ‘the ... More


Water in Kentucky: Natural History, Communities, and Conservation

Brian D. Lee, Daniel I. Carey, and Alice L. Jones (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813168685
eISBN:
9780813169941
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168685.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Kentucky is regarded as one of the most ecologically diverse states in the nation, home to sprawling Appalachian forests, rolling green meadows, and the longest cave system in the world. None of ... More


The Japanese Tax System

Hiromitsu Ishi

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The Japanese tax system has notably changed through the periods of post‐World War II; i.e., reconstruction, rapid economic growth, and recent economic stagnation. In order to clarify the function and ... More


The Imperial Environmentalist

S. RAVI RAJAN

in Modernizing Nature: Forestry and Imperial Eco-Development 1800-1950

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199277964
eISBN:
9780191707827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277964.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter explores the forest management agendas and environmentalist ideologies of colonial forestry as expressed at the Empire Forestry Conferences during the first half of the 20th century. In ... More


The Erosion of Individual Income Tax

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Tries to estimate the phenomena of eroding income tax base and revenues caused by a number of special provisions for specific seven years. Obviously, tax erosion impairs the equity of the existing ... More


Retreat from a Rising Sea: Hard Choices in an Age of Climate Change

Orrin H. Pilkey, Linda Pilkey-Jarvis, and Keith C. Pilkey

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231168441
eISBN:
9780231541800
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168441.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

Melting ice sheets and warming oceans are causing the seas to rise. By the end of this century, hundreds of millions of people living at low elevations along coasts will be forced to retreat to ... More


The Ethnobotany of Eden: Rethinking the Jungle Medicine Narrative

Robert A. Voeks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226547718
eISBN:
9780226547855
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226547855.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

In the 1980s, scientists and environmentalists sounded the alarm that deforestation was decimating the world’s tropical rainforests. Among the protection strategies that emerged, none resonated more ... More


Introduction

Eric T. Freyfogle

in Agrarianism and the Good Society: Land, Culture, Conflict, and Hope

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124391
eISBN:
9780813134888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124391.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

With land-related ailments, such as soil erosion and loss of wildlife habitat, quickly growing into a major global threat, simply adopting a more environment-friendly lifestyle or disconnecting from ... More


Dust Bowls of Empire: Imperialism, Environmental Politics, and the Injustice of "Green" Capitalism

Hannah Holleman

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780300230208
eISBN:
9780300240887
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300230208.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The 1930s witnessed a harrowing social and ecological disaster, defined by the severe nexus of drought, erosion, and economic depression that ravaged the U.S. southern plains. Known as the Dust Bowl, ... More


Historic Precedents to Collaborative Conservation in Working Landscapes: The Ccoon Valley “Cooperative Conservation” Initiative, 1934

Curt Meine and Gary P. Nabhan

in Stitching the West Back Together: Conservation of Working Landscapes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226165684
eISBN:
9780226165851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226165851.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

One of the earliest formal efforts of collaborative conservation—called cooperative conservation at the time—began in the 1930s in Coon Valley, Wisconsin. There, Aldo Leopold became an adviser to the ... More


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