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Intransitive split in Tundra Nenets, or how much semantics can hide behind syntactic alignment

Olesya Khanina

in The Typology of Semantic Alignment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199238385
eISBN:
9780191716768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter investigates whether Basque's case-marking pattern is ergative or semantically-based. While Eastern and Central dialects can be considered to have a loose ergative alignment, Western ... More


Clausal Syntactic Roles (“Grammatical Relations”)

William Croft

in Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198299554
eISBN:
9780191708091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299554.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The syntactic roles (grammatical relations) of subject and object are semantically irregular but their syntactic behavior is claimed to be syntactically unified, thereby justifying the existence of ... More


Syntactic Change

D. Gary Miller

in Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume II: Morphological, Syntactic, and Typological Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199583430
eISBN:
9780191595288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583430.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Differences in syntactic projection result from changes in lexical features, e.g. by reanalysis. In West Greenlandic factives, subject‐to‐object raising was lost along with the Agree relation that ... More


Aspects of Split Ergativity

Jessica Coon

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199858743
eISBN:
9780199367672
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858743.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This book argues that aspect-based split ergativity does not mark a split in how Case is assigned, but rather, a split in sentence structure. The contexts in which we find the appearance of a ... More


Unergative Adjectives and Psych Verbs

Hans Bennis

in The Unaccusativity Puzzle: Explorations of the Syntax-Lexicon Interface

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199257652
eISBN:
9780191717772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257652.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter argues that the concept of verbal ergativity is not monolithic structurally. It shows three different configurations in which the external argument is absent: (a) there is no v-layer on ... More


Conclusion

Jessica Coon

in Aspects of Split Ergativity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199858743
eISBN:
9780199367672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858743.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This concluding chapter summarizes the major insights of this work, along with questions, and offers avenues for future research. Part I of the book provided a detailed look at split person-marking ... More


Causal structure in verbal semantics and argument realization

William Croft

in Verbs: Aspect and Causal Structure

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199248582
eISBN:
9780191740657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248582.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

Chapter 6, “Causal structure in verbal semantics and argument realization”, surveys a number of typological phenomena with respect to the hypothesis that simple verbs construe an event as a directed, ... More


Deconstructing Ergativity: Two Types of Ergative Languages and Their Features

Maria Polinsky

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190256586
eISBN:
9780190256616
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190256586.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

The main purpose of the book is to advance an analysis of case and argument structure that can help to explain variation in the syntactic behavior of external arguments across languages. The focus is ... More


Introduction

Maria Polinsky

in Deconstructing Ergativity: Two Types of Ergative Languages and Their Features

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190256586
eISBN:
9780190256616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190256586.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter presents the overall profile of ergative languages. It develops a distinction between morphological and syntactic ergativity. Syntactic ergativity is defined as restrictions on A-bar ... More


Taking stock

Maria Polinsky

in Deconstructing Ergativity: Two Types of Ergative Languages and Their Features

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190256586
eISBN:
9780190256616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190256586.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter reiterates the main idea developed in this book: in some languages, the ergative argument is a prepositional phrase, base-generated in the specifier of the transitive v. The ... More


The Rise and Fall of Ergativity in Aramaic: Cycles of Alignment Change

Eleanor Coghill

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723806
eISBN:
9780191791147
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723806.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The endangered Eastern Neo-Aramaic dialects have undergone a wholesale renewal of the verbal system. As a result, tense-conditioned ergative alignment developed in the perfect, which later developed ... More


Edible Gender, Mother-in-Law Style, and Other Grammatical Wonders: Studies in Dyirbal, Yidiñ, and Warrgamay

R. M. W Dixon

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198702900
eISBN:
9780191772405
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702900.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

This book studies the languages of Yidiñ, Warrgamay and Dyribal and the interrelations between them. The introductory chapter sets out the anthropological and linguistic background. In Part I there ... More


Introduction

Eleanor Coghill

in The Rise and Fall of Ergativity in Aramaic: Cycles of Alignment Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723806
eISBN:
9780191791147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723806.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Chapter 1 gives a brief introduction to the topic of the book, alignment change in Aramaic, and outlines using examples of the main developments which brought about such change. It briefly presents ... More


Proposal

Maria Polinsky

in Deconstructing Ergativity: Two Types of Ergative Languages and Their Features

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190256586
eISBN:
9780190256616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190256586.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter outlines the core proposal concerning variation across ergative languages. I contend that ergative languages fall into two major types, DP-ergative and PP-ergative. In the former, the ... More


Alignment in Eastern Neo-Aramaic dialects

Eleanor Coghill

in The Rise and Fall of Ergativity in Aramaic: Cycles of Alignment Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723806
eISBN:
9780191791147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723806.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Chapter 4 describes in detail the various alignment patterns attested in Eastern Neo-Aramaic dialects. Firstly the dialects with only accusative alignment are presented. These show inversion of the ... More


Introduction

Jessica Coon

in Aspects of Split Ergativity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199858743
eISBN:
9780199367672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858743.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This introductory chapter first sets out the book's purpose, which is to argue for a theory of aspect-based split ergativity in which splits in morphological case or agreement are not the result of ... More


Explaining Split Ergativity in Chol

Jessica Coon

in Aspects of Split Ergativity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199858743
eISBN:
9780199367672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858743.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter argues that the appearance of aspect-based split ergativity in Chol is a direct result of the fact that the nonperfective aspects—in which both transitive and intransitive subjects ... More


Beyond Mayan: Extending the Analysis

Jessica Coon

in Aspects of Split Ergativity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199858743
eISBN:
9780199367672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858743.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter shows that the pattern of aspect-based split ergativity—in which “split” aspects involve more complex structure than nonsplit aspects—is not limited to Chol, or even the Mayan family, ... More


The Grammar of Temporal Relations

Jessica Coon

in Aspects of Split Ergativity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199858743
eISBN:
9780199367672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858743.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter turns to the question of why nonperfective aspects are often expressed as complex/locative constructions, while the perfective rarely or never is. It examines the theory of ... More


Argument alternations and cognates

Stephen Wechsler

in Word Meaning and Syntax: Approaches to the Interface

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199279883
eISBN:
9780191757563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279883.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter surveys the argument-taking properties of verbs and other predicators. It begins with argument selection (the question of which participants are expressed as subject, object, and other ... More


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