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The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes

Maurizio Ragazzi

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298700
eISBN:
9780191707513
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298700.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

In an obiter dictum in its 1970 judgment in the Barcelona Traction case, the International Court of Justice identified a category of international obligations called erga omnes, namely obligations ... More


Selected Candidates of Obligations Erga Omnes Proposed in the International Literature

MAURIZIO RAGAZZI

in The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298700
eISBN:
9780191707513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298700.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

In its dictum in the Barcelona Traction case, the International Court provided a concept of obligations erga omnes that applies to selected international obligations. On the other hand, as this ... More


Particular Aspects of the Relationship Between the Concept of Obligations Erga Omnes and the Concepts of Jus Cogens and Actio Popularis

MAURIZIO RAGAZZI

in The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298700
eISBN:
9780191707513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298700.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

This chapter compares the concept of obligations erga omnes with those of jus cogens and actio popularis. Moving from the premise that jus cogens refers to norms, while erga omnes refers to ... More


Other Selected Candidates in Light of the Advisory Opinion on Namibia and the Nuclear Tests Cases

MAURIZIO RAGAZZI

in The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298700
eISBN:
9780191707513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298700.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

Examples of obligations erga omnes beyond those listed in the Barcelona Traction case have also been put forward in international cases. In some of the pleadings regarding the advisory opinion on ... More


The Appearance of the Concept of Obligations Erga Omnes on the Agenda: The Dictum of the International Court in the Barcelona Traction Case

MAURIZIO RAGAZZI

in The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298700
eISBN:
9780191707513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298700.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

This introductory chapter examines the distinction between ratio decidendi and obiter dictum, as a starting point of his subsequent consideration of the background and aftermath of the dictum on ... More


Remedies

Carlo Focarelli

in International Law as Social Construct: The Struggle for Global Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199584833
eISBN:
9780191741012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584833.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter looks into the remedies against major breaches of international law in terms of sovereignty as responsibility. It focuses on the fact that the ‘new’ international law is the law of the ... More


General Conclusions

MAURIZIO RAGAZZI

in The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298700
eISBN:
9780191707513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298700.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

In drawing conclusions, this chapter lists the five common elements to obligations erga omnes inferred from earlier analysis, whereby these are narrowly defined prohibitions deriving from rules of ... More


The Distinction between Jus Cogens and Obligations Erga Omnes

Paolo Picone

in The Law of Treaties Beyond the Vienna Convention

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199588916
eISBN:
9780191728938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588916.003.0024
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter demonstrates the necessary distinction between the two concepts in question, taking into consideration their different historical origins, their effects, and the reciprocal fields of ... More


Remedies for Breaches of Peremptory Norms

Alexander Orakhelashvili

in Peremptory Norms in International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546114
eISBN:
9780191712203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546114.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter begins by focusing on the impact of jus cogens on the law of reparation: the duty to provide restitution, compensation, and satisfaction to redress the wrong caused to States and their ... More


International Obligations Erga Omnes: Their Moral Foundation and Criteria of Identification in Light of Two Japanese Contributions

Maurizio Ragazzi

in The Reality of International Law: Essays in Honour of Ian Brownlie

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268376
eISBN:
9780191683510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268376.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the moral foundation and criteria of identification of international obligations erga omnes related to international criminal law in light of two Japanese contributions. It ... More


Norm Conflicts and Hierarchy in International Law: Towards a Vertical International Legal System?

Jure Vidmar

in Hierarchy in International Law: The Place of Human Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199647071
eISBN:
9780191738999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647071.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines the notion of a hierarchical international legal order whereby (certain) human rights norms are elevated to a hierarchically superior level. Although international law has ... More


Impact on the Structure of International Obligations

Sandesh Sivakumaran

in The Impact of Human Rights Law on General International Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565221
eISBN:
9780191705281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565221.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter assesses the extent to which international human rights law has impacted upon the structure of international obligations, focusing on obligations erga omnes and jus cogens norms. It ... More


A Reluctant Guardian: The Court and the Concept of ‘International Community’

Gleider I Hernández

in The International Court of Justice and the Judicial Function

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199646630
eISBN:
9780191747854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646630.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

The concept of ‘international community’, nebulously defined, has the potential to generate specific and far-reaching legal effects. This Chapter examines whether the understanding of the judicial ... More


The Examples of Obligations Erga Omnes Given by the International Court in its Dictum: (a) The Outlawing of Acts of Aggression

MAURIZIO RAGAZZI

in The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298700
eISBN:
9780191707513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298700.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

The prohibition of aggression is opposable to all states without exception and affects the interest of all. This chapter examines the impact of erga omnes on self-defence and other circumstances ... More


The Examples of Obligations Erga Omnes Given by the International Court in its Dictum: (b) The Outlawing of Genocide

MAURIZIO RAGAZZI

in The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298700
eISBN:
9780191707513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298700.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

The origins of the prohibition of genocide under international law date back to the end of World War II and the Nuremberg trial. The idea of the universal opposability of the prohibition of genocide ... More


Obligations Erga Omnes

Nina H. B. Jørgensen

in The Responsibility of States for International Crimes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298618
eISBN:
9780191685491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298618.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the concept of obligations erga omnes and the essential distinction between obligations erga omnes and other obligations of international law. It also describes the obligations ... More


Selected Prefigurations of the Concept of Obligations Erga Omnes: (a) State Servitude, Permanent Dedication, International Status and Objective Regime

MAURIZIO RAGAZZI

in The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298700
eISBN:
9780191707513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298700.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

Before the International Court's dictum, efforts had been made to regulate by treaty the common interests of states in such a way that rights and obligations may potentially be valid erga omnes, or ... More


The Examples of Obligations Erga Omnes Given by the International Court in its Dictum: (c) Protection from Slavery

MAURIZIO RAGAZZI

in The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298700
eISBN:
9780191707513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298700.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

Slavery and the slave trade, once accepted practices in international society, have become unlawful and are now prohibited erga omnes. The study of significant decisions from the 19th century (in the ... More


Selected Prefigurations of the Concept of Obligations Erga Omnes: (b) Jus Cogens

MAURIZIO RAGAZZI

in The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298700
eISBN:
9780191707513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298700.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

Like obligations erga omnes, norms of jus cogens protect the common interests of states and basic moral values. In addition, the classic examples of norms of jus cogens that emerged during the ... More


Are Victims of Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Entitled to Compensation?

Paola Gaeta

in International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780191001604
eISBN:
9780191729447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780191001604.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

Despite the expansion and development of international human rights law and, in more recent times, of international criminal law, victims of serious violations of rules of international humanitarian ... More


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