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The Nature of the Hydrogen Bond: Outline of a Comprehensive Hydrogen Bond Theory

Gastone Gilli and Paola Gilli

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199558964
eISBN:
9780191720949
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558964.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Hydrogen bond (H-bond) effects are well known: it makes sea water liquid, joins cellulose microfibrils in sequoia trees, shapes DNA into chromosomes, and polypeptide chains into wool, hair, muscles, ... More


Liability Externalities and Mandatory Choices

Robert D. Cooter and Ariel Porat

in Getting Incentives Right: Improving Torts, Contracts, and Restitution

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151595
eISBN:
9781400850396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151595.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter introduces the general theory of liability externalities and applies it to mandatory choices. “Liability externality” refers to costs and benefits conveyed to others that market prices ... More


Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Michael Szenberg, Lall Ramrattan, and Aron A. Gottesman (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This book presents the scientific works of Paul Samuelson, the leading neoclassical economist, which would attract research and study in the 21st century. The subject matter includes his ... More


Paul Samuelson's Contributions to International Economics

Kenneth Rogoff

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter evaluates Samuelson's trade contributions such as the Stolper–Samuelson and factor-prices equalization theorems, as vital in today's globalization debate. The ideas that gain from trade ... More


Protection and Real Wages: The Stolper–Samuelson Theorem

Rachel McCulloch

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines the Stolper–Samuelson's Theorem under varying conditions and assumptions. Using a previous reformulation of the theorem, it demonstrates that when the relative prices for ... More


Inheritance and Gift Taxes

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Deal with the tax issues on estate transfer, bequests and gifts, which are considered to be appropriate objects of taxation. The structural features of the Japanese inheritance and gifts taxes are ... More


The Rise of Germanic Syllabo-Tonic Verse

M. L. Gasparov

in A History of European Versification

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198158790
eISBN:
9780191673368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198158790.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, European Literature

Romance versification received another degree of organization through the regulated alternation of stressed and unstressed syllables, the syllabo-tonic system, which brought about German and English ... More


The World Trade System: Trends and Challenges

Jagdish N. Bhagwati, Pravin Krishna, and Arvind Panagariya (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035231
eISBN:
9780262337687
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035231.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

When the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) metamorphosed into the WTO in 1994, it seemed that the third pillar of the international economic superstructure was finally put in place. And ... More


Australia: Party Discipline and Fiscal Dependence

David McKay

in Designing Europe: Comparative Lessons from the Federal Experience

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242139
eISBN:
9780191697012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242139.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The territory that makes up modern Australia was first settled by the British as a penal colony in 1788. It was not until the 1880s that changing internal and external conditions provoked widespread ... More


Switzerland: Dispersing Power for National Unity

David McKay

in Designing Europe: Comparative Lessons from the Federal Experience

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242139
eISBN:
9780191697012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242139.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Switzerland's political system is exceptional, in large part due to the fact that, uniquely among mature democracies, the veto points in the system both operate within political institutions and are ... More


Utilitarian Political Economy and Empire: Mill as Liberal Imperialist

Kathleen Blake

in Pleasures of Benthamism: Victorian Literature, Utility, Political Economy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563265
eISBN:
9780191721809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563265.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Empire is again the concern in discussion of writings on India by Bentham‐‐‐with parallels in Smith‐‐‐and the Mills. Revisiting the principle of liberty, the chapter asks how the liberalism of the ... More


MODELLING THE H-BOND BY THERMODYNAMIC METHODS

Gastone Gilli and Paola Gilli

in The Nature of the Hydrogen Bond: Outline of a Comprehensive Hydrogen Bond Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199558964
eISBN:
9780191720949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558964.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Acid-base parameters of donors (D-H) and acceptors (:A) are crucial in any D-H···:A bond in view of the hypothesis that the difference ΔPA = PA(D-) - PA(:A) or ΔpKa = pKa(D-H) - pKa(A-H+) drive ... More


THE EMPIRICAL LAWS GOVERNING THE H-BOND: A SUMMARY

Gastone Gilli and Paola Gilli

in The Nature of the Hydrogen Bond: Outline of a Comprehensive Hydrogen Bond Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199558964
eISBN:
9780191720949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558964.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

The analysis performed in Chapters 3 and 4 leads to formulate a number of rules which can be considered the empirical laws governing the H-bond. The first is that H-bonds are not an undifferentiated ... More


The Development and Testing of Heckscher-Ohlin Trade Models: A Review

Robert E. Baldwin

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026567
eISBN:
9780262267656
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026567.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

No names are more closely associated with modern trade theory than Eli Heckscher and Bertil Ohlin. The basic Heckscher–Ohlin proposition, according to which a country exports factors in abundant ... More


Introduction: Social Mobility and Education in the Twentieth Century

Richard Breen and Walter Müller

in Education and Intergenerational Social Mobility in Europe and the United States

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781503610163
eISBN:
9781503611153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503610163.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter sets out the main goal of the volume: to examine the role of education in shaping rates and patterns of intergenerational social mobility among men and women during the twentieth ... More


Social Mobility in the Twentieth Century in Europe and the United States

Richard Breen and Walter Müller

in Education and Intergenerational Social Mobility in Europe and the United States

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781503610163
eISBN:
9781503611153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503610163.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Summarizing the findings of the country chapters, this chapter addresses the question: How did intergenerational social mobility change over cohorts born in the first two-thirds of the twentieth ... More


Killing and Letting Die: Methodology of Comparable Cases and Conceptions of Moral Equivalence

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Begins by considering the methodology of comparable cases used to test for the Thesis of the Moral Equivalence of Killing and Letting Die (Thesis E). Consideration is given to how to create cases ... More


Killing and Letting Die: Arguments for Inequivalence and the Problem of Contextual Interaction

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers a new use for non‐standardly equalized cases of killing and letting die, comparing cross‐definitionally equalized killing and non‐cross‐definitionally equalized killing cases to collect ... More


Law, Dignity, and Self-Control

Jeremy Waldron

in Dignity, Rank, and Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199915439
eISBN:
9780199980222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915439.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The lecture presented in the previous chapter toyed with the idea that “dignity” is a term used to indicate a high-ranking legal, political, and social status, and that the idea of human dignity is ... More


When the Nerds Go Marching In: How Digital Technology Moved from the Margins to the Mainstream of Political Campaigns

Rachel K. Gibson

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780195397789
eISBN:
9780190949051
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195397789.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Comparative Politics

When the Nerds Go Marching In shows how digital technology has moved from the margins to the mainstream of campaign and election organization in contemporary democracies. Combining an extensive ... More


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