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Liberalism, Justice, and Markets: A Critique of Liberal Equality

Colin M. Macleod

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293972
eISBN:
9780191599798
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293976.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book presents a systemic and definitive critique of Ronald Dworkin's highly influential theory of liberal equality. Focusing on the connection Dworkin attempts to establish between economic ... More


National Responsibility and Global Justice

David Miller

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199235056
eISBN:
9780191715792
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235056.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This book presents a non-cosmopolitan theory of global justice. In contrast to theories that seek to extend principles of social justice, such as equality of opportunity or resources, to the world as ... More


Initial Equality

Colin M. Macleod

in Liberalism, Justice, and Markets: A Critique of Liberal Equality

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293972
eISBN:
9780191599798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293976.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Examines Dworkin's claim that what justice requires by way of an initial distribution of resources can be established by considering the operation of an ideal market. The special auction device used ... More


The Place of Liberty

Colin M. Macleod

in Liberalism, Justice, and Markets: A Critique of Liberal Equality

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293972
eISBN:
9780191599798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293976.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Dworkin argues that equality is the sovereign virtue of political community but he also defends a form of liberalism that prizes individual liberty. This chapter examines Dworkin's attempt to secure ... More


Introduction

Colin M. Macleod

in Liberalism, Justice, and Markets: A Critique of Liberal Equality

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293972
eISBN:
9780191599798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293976.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Provides an overview of the nature and importance of Ronald Dworkin's influential account of liberal equality expressed in theory of equality of resources. Special emphasis is placed on the novelty ... More


Neutrality or Tolerance?

Colin M. Macleod

in Liberalism, Justice, and Markets: A Critique of Liberal Equality

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293972
eISBN:
9780191599798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293976.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Takes up the relation between Dworkin's liberal egalitarianism and state perfectionism. A distinction is drawn between an ideal of liberal neutrality and liberal tolerance. The latter is compatible ... More


Social Equality (II): Luck Egalitarianism and Its Limits

Wojciech Sadurski

in Equality and Legitimacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545179
eISBN:
9780191719905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545179.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The leading discourse about luck egalitarianism has been informed by the distinction between equality of welfare and equality of resources. This chapter illuminates its significance by focusing on ... More


Conclusion

Colin M. Macleod

in Liberalism, Justice, and Markets: A Critique of Liberal Equality

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293972
eISBN:
9780191599798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293976.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Provides a brief overview of the deficiencies of a theory of liberal equality that is predicated upon idealized economic markets. Some more general hazards of using artificial devices for the ... More


Clamshell Rent? Use, Usurpation, and Usury

Gijs van Donselaar

in The Right to Exploit: Parasitism, Scarcity, and Basic Income

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195140392
eISBN:
9780199871483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140392.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses a theory of justice in original acquisition in which the interests of all those involved in, and affected by, the initial distribution of resources play a very significant ... More


Equality of Resources

Carl Knight

in Luck Egalitarianism: Equality, Responsibility, and Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748638697
eISBN:
9780748652815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748638697.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines and extends Ronald Dworkin's ‘equality of resources’. Dworkin suggests that one might measure equality and advantage by use of the envy test, inequality and disadvantage being ... More


Unequal Endowments

Eric Rakowski

in Equal Justice

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240792
eISBN:
9780191680274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240792.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

As in the case of brute luck, equality of resources issues prescriptions that resemble those of theories that make entitlements depend on people's presumed insurance purchases. Dworkin and others ... More


Alleged Dominating Principles

J. W. HARRIS

in Property and Justice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199251407
eISBN:
9780191681998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251407.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter considers two other candidates for dominating principles: equality of resources and social convention. The advocate of equality of resources asks us to lift the totality of resources ... More


From Personal to Political Responsibility

Iris Marion Young

in Responsibility for Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195392388
eISBN:
9780199866625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392388.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The first purpose of this chapter is to evaluate the notion of personal responsibility in the context of welfare policy. It focuses on the writings of Charles Murray and Lawrence Mead, which ... More


Tax Policy and the Virtuous Sovereign: Dworkinian Equality and Redistributive Taxation

David G. Duff

in Philosophical Foundations of Tax Law

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198798439
eISBN:
9780191839436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198798439.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Company and Commercial Law

It is generally accepted that one role of a tax system is to implement a society’ s conception of distributive justice. This article reviews Ronald Dworkin’ s theory of distributive justice as ... More


Property and Justice

J. W. Harris

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199251407
eISBN:
9780191681998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251407.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

When philosophers put forward claims for or against ‘property’, it is often unclear whether they are talking about the same thing that lawyers mean by ‘property’. Likewise, when lawyers appeal to ... More


Which Shot of Justice?

Ali Mehdi

in A Shot of Justice: Priority-Setting for Addressing Child Mortality

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780199490592
eISBN:
9780199095797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199490592.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter undertakes a critical assessment of five Indian policies pertaining to children and claims of equality of resources (opportunities) and outcomes from the perspective of theoretical and ... More


Metrics of Justice

Ali Mehdi

in A Shot of Justice: Priority-Setting for Addressing Child Mortality

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780199490592
eISBN:
9780199095797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199490592.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter characterizes and critiques the relevant aspects of various metrics of justice put forth by major theories of justice, with a special focus on Amartya Sen’s capability approach. It then ... More


Compensation as a Tort Norm

Mark A. Geistfeld

in Philosophical Foundations of the Law of Torts

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780198701385
eISBN:
9780191770654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701385.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Law of Obligations

The possibility that tort law can be justified by an abstract norm of compensation has been summarily dismissed by tort scholars. A compensatory norm would seem to justify the award of compensatory ... More


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