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The Simple View

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter begins with an examination of the simple view that equality of opportunity requires open competition for advantaged social positions. It is argued that this idea is not really so simple. ... More


National Responsibility and Global Justice

David Miller

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199235056
eISBN:
9780191715792
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235056.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This book presents a non-cosmopolitan theory of global justice. In contrast to theories that seek to extend principles of social justice, such as equality of opportunity or resources, to the world as ... More


 The Second Principle of Justice

Thomas Pogge

in John Rawls: His Life and Theory of Justice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195136364
eISBN:
9780199867691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136364.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the second principle of justice, which is made up of the opportunity principle and the difference principle. The difference principle and how it is meant to operate as an ... More


Equality of Opportunity and the Family

David Miller

in Toward a Humanist Justice: The Political Philosophy of Susan Moller Okin

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195337396
eISBN:
9780199868681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337396.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Noting that Okin placed the family at the center of concerns about justice, this chapter explores the relationship between the family and the achievement of equality of opportunity. The chapter ... More


Political Equality and Majority Rule

Wojciech Sadurski

in Equality and Legitimacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545179
eISBN:
9780191719905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545179.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter claims that the intuitive and widespread legitimating power of majority rule (MR) arises from the link between majority rule and the principle of equality of political opportunity. The ... More


Unequal Opportunities: Class, Caste and Social Mobility1

DIVYA VAID and ANTHONY HEATH

in Diversity and Change in Modern India: Economic, Social and Political Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264515
eISBN:
9780191734403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264515.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter discusses intergenerational class mobility, which is the extent to which sons — and even daughters — follow in their father's footsteps. It asks how ‘open’ India is, and whether it is ... More


Economic Justice in Political Theory

Liam Murphy and Thomas Nagel

in The Myth of Ownership: Taxes and Justice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150162
eISBN:
9780199833924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150163.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Once we abandon the idea that justice in taxation is a matter of determining a fair share of tax burdens, we must ask what the legitimate ends of government are, and what the legitimate means of ... More


A Cosmopolitan Model of Global Justice: The Basic Framework

Gillian Brock

in Global Justice: A Cosmopolitan Account

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230938
eISBN:
9780191710957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230938.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops and defends a novel cosmopolitan model of global justice. The model includes the view that global justice requires all to be adequately positioned to enjoy the prospects for a ... More


Responsibility and Distributive Justice

Carl Knight and Zofia Stemplowska (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199565801
eISBN:
9780191725463
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565801.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Under what conditions are people responsible for their choices and the outcomes of those choices? How could such conditions be fostered by liberal societies? Should what people are due as a matter of ... More


Inheritance

Liam Murphy and Thomas Nagel

in The Myth of Ownership: Taxes and Justice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150162
eISBN:
9780199833924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150163.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Setting aside spurious considerations about double taxation and fairness to donors, the real moral question concerning taxation and inheritance is whether gratuitous transfers require special tax ... More


Equality, Cosmopolitanism, and Global Justice

Gillian Brock

in Global Justice: A Cosmopolitan Account

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230938
eISBN:
9780191710957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230938.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the model of global justice developed in this book adequately reflects our moral equality and also can defensibly claim to be cosmopolitan. The chapter begins by considering ... More


Opportunities, Little Change: Class Mobility in Israeli Society, 1974–91

Meir Yaish

in Social Mobility in Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199258451
eISBN:
9780191601491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258457.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Engages with the long lasting debate in sociology concerning the consequences of industrialization process for social mobility. It is argued that Israeli society provides one of the most adequate ... More


Racism and Equality

Mark Bell

in Racism and Equality in the European Union

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199297849
eISBN:
9780191711565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297849.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, EU Law

This chapter examines the meaning of equality, in the context of racism. It identifies two dominant concepts of equality: formal and substantive. It analyses critically the usefulness and ... More


Intergroup Relations and Reconciliation: Theoretical Analysis and Methodological Implications

Thomas E. Malloy

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes the Intergroup Relations Model, which asserts that the move to peaceful intergroup relations hinges on ensuring that the adversarial groups perceive equality of opportunities ... More


Principles of Equity

Aaron James

in Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199846153
eISBN:
9780199933389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846153.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter elaborates and defends three basic principles of structural equity. A first requires that “losers” be compensated, in light of a proposed general conception of when a person or social ... More


Responsibility and Distributive Justice: An Introduction 1

Carl Knight and Zofia Stemplowska

in Responsibility and Distributive Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199565801
eISBN:
9780191725463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565801.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the recent debate about responsibility and distributive justice. It traces the recent philosophical focus on distributive justice to John Rawls and ... More


Responsibility and Respect: Reconciling Two Egalitarian Visions 1

Zofia Stemplowska

in Responsibility and Distributive Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199565801
eISBN:
9780191725463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565801.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Are those who suffer disadvantage due to their own choices entitled to assistance from others as a matter of egalitarian justice? Responsibility-sensitive egalitarianism and social egalitarianism are ... More


Self‐Ownership and Equality

Michael Otsuka

in Libertarianism without Inequality

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243952
eISBN:
9780191598142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243956.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Delineates the nature of a libertarian right of self‐ownership. Assesses Robert Nozick's claim that taxation is on a par with forced labour. Contends that the most defensible version of the Lockean ... More


Libertarianism without Inequality

Michael Otsuka

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243952
eISBN:
9780191598142
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243956.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The aim of this book is to vindicate left‐libertarianism, a political philosophy which combines stringent rights of control over one's own mind, body, and life with egalitarian rights of ownership of ... More


Introduction

Henry Phelps Brown

in Egalitarianism and the Generation of Inequality

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198286486
eISBN:
9780191596773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198286481.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Points out and elaborates on the facts that aspiration to greater equality has become widespread in contemporary societies and that this belief is not restricted just to socialists, but is also ... More


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