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  • Keywords: epistemology of testimony x
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Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Miranda Fricker

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Justice is one of the oldest and most central themes of philosophy, but sometimes we would do well to focus instead on injustice. In epistemology, the very idea that there is a first-order ethical ... More


A Defense of Learning from Words

Jennifer Lackey

in Learning from Words: Testimony as a Source of Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199219162
eISBN:
9780191711824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219162.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops an alternative picture of testimonial knowledge and justification — called the Statement View of Testimony — that focuses on the epistemic status of the statements of speakers, ... More


Summary

Martin Kusch

in Knowledge by Agreement: The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199251223
eISBN:
9780191601767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251223.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides a short summary of Ch. 1–5.


Sincerity and the Reliability of Testimony: Burge on the A Priori Basis of Testimonial Entitlement

Peter J. Graham

in Lying: Language, Knowledge, Ethics, and Politics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198743965
eISBN:
9780191866791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743965.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

“Content Preservation” by Tyler Burge is one of the most influential articles in the epistemology of testimony. Burge argues for three theses: (1) That we enjoy a prima facie entitlement to take ... More


The Social Epistemology of Public Uptake

Sanford C. Goldberg

in Conversational Pressure: Normativity in Speech Exchanges

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198856436
eISBN:
9780191889707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856436.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Others’ public reactions to a mutually observed assertion are a significance source of evidence: the fact that our trusted fellows have accepted an assertion can provide us with additional ... More


Testimony amidst Diversity

Max Baker-Hytch

in Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198798705
eISBN:
9780191848469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798705.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter takes up the question of what (if anything) might be wrong with religious beliefs that are held primarily on the basis of testimony, in light of the facts of religious diversity. The ... More


Testimonial Pessimism

Rachel Elizabeth Fraser

in Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198798705
eISBN:
9780191848469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798705.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Recent epistemological history has inclined towards ‘testimonial optimism’, keen to stress the division of epistemic labour and how ubiquitously we depend upon the words of others. Its counterpart, ... More


Interpersonal Epistemic Entitlements

Sanford C. Goldberg

in Foundations and Applications of Social Epistemology: Collected Essays

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780198856443
eISBN:
9780191889714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856443.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the nature of our epistemic entitlement to rely on certain belief-forming processes—perception, memory, reasoning, and perhaps others—is not restricted to one’s own ... More


Assertion: On the Philosophical Significance of Assertoric Speech

Sanford C. Goldberg

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198732488
eISBN:
9780191796708
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732488.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book concerns the speech act of assertion. It defends the view that this type of speech act is answerable to a constitutive norm—the norm of assertion. Its core contention is this: the ... More


If That Were True I Would Have Heard about It by Now

Sanford C. Goldberg

in Foundations and Applications of Social Epistemology: Collected Essays

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780198856443
eISBN:
9780191889714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856443.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that there is a species of inference from absence that can provide justification for beliefs formed in this way. The inference is from the absence of testimony that p, to the ... More


Epistemic Extendedness, Testimony, and the Epistemology of Instrument-Based Belief

Sanford C. Goldberg

in Foundations and Applications of Social Epistemology: Collected Essays

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780198856443
eISBN:
9780191889714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856443.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores how our dependence on others in testimony differs from our reliance on instruments. The key difference lies in the presumption of responsibility in play when we depend on ... More


Conversational Pressures, Interpersonal and Epistemic

Sanford C. Goldberg

in Conversational Pressure: Normativity in Speech Exchanges

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198856436
eISBN:
9780191889707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856436.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter identifies a form of conversational pressure that is downstream from one’s recognition of being addressed: the pressure that is brought to bear on one when one is addressed by a speaker ... More


How to Treat a Testifier

Sanford C. Goldberg

in Conversational Pressure: Normativity in Speech Exchanges

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198856436
eISBN:
9780191889707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856436.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter offers a positive account of the speaker’s expectation of proper treatment (when she testifies that p). It does so in terms of the job that the speaker purports to be performing qua ... More


Experts and Peer Disagreement

Jennifer Lackey

in Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198798705
eISBN:
9780191848469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798705.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

It is often argued that widespread disagreement among epistemic peers in a domain threatens expertise in that domain. This chapter sketches two different conceptions of expertise: the ... More


Introduction

Sven Bernecker, Amy K. Flowerree, and Thomas Grundmann

in The Epistemology of Fake News

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198863977
eISBN:
9780191896255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863977.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

News matters. Democracies need independent, fact-based news to provide a voice for a diverse range of people, to watchdog the powerful, and to keep members of a society informed. Much of the news ... More


Anonymous Assertion

Sanford C. Goldberg

in Assertion: On the Philosophical Significance of Assertoric Speech

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198732488
eISBN:
9780191796708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732488.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, the hypothesis that assertion is answerable to an epistemic norm is used to illuminate the public nature of assertion. In particular, the aim is to address how the absence of a ... More


The Speaker’s Expectation of Trust: Some False Starts

Sanford C. Goldberg

in Conversational Pressure: Normativity in Speech Exchanges

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198856436
eISBN:
9780191889707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856436.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Given a speaker who tells one that p, there are ways of responding to what one is told whereby one wrongs (or does an injustice to) the speaker. This motivates the idea that a speaker is entitled to ... More


Privacy, Objectivity, Symmetry

José Luis Bermúdez

in Understanding I: Language and Thought

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780198796213
eISBN:
9780191837319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198796213.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Frege accepts the consequence that the sense of “I” is private and incommunicable. Evans follows him in accepting privacy, while arguing that unshareable “I”-thoughts can nonetheless be objective. ... More


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