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Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Miranda Fricker

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Justice is one of the oldest and most central themes of philosophy, but sometimes we would do well to focus instead on injustice. In epistemology, the very idea that there is a first-order ethical ... More


A Defense of Learning from Words

Jennifer Lackey

in Learning from Words: Testimony as a Source of Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199219162
eISBN:
9780191711824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219162.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops an alternative picture of testimonial knowledge and justification — called the Statement View of Testimony — that focuses on the epistemic status of the statements of speakers, ... More


Summary

Martin Kusch

in Knowledge by Agreement: The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199251223
eISBN:
9780191601767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251223.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides a short summary of Ch. 1–5.


Sincerity and the Reliability of Testimony: Burge on the A Priori Basis of Testimonial Entitlement

Peter J. Graham

in Lying: Language, Knowledge, Ethics, and Politics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198743965
eISBN:
9780191866791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743965.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

“Content Preservation” by Tyler Burge is one of the most influential articles in the epistemology of testimony. Burge argues for three theses: (1) That we enjoy a prima facie entitlement to take ... More


Testimony amidst Diversity

Max Baker-Hytch

in Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198798705
eISBN:
9780191848469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798705.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter takes up the question of what (if anything) might be wrong with religious beliefs that are held primarily on the basis of testimony, in light of the facts of religious diversity. The ... More


Testimonial Pessimism

Rachel Elizabeth Fraser

in Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198798705
eISBN:
9780191848469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798705.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Recent epistemological history has inclined towards ‘testimonial optimism’, keen to stress the division of epistemic labour and how ubiquitously we depend upon the words of others. Its counterpart, ... More


Assertion: On the Philosophical Significance of Assertoric Speech

Sanford C. Goldberg

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198732488
eISBN:
9780191796708
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732488.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book concerns the speech act of assertion. It defends the view that this type of speech act is answerable to a constitutive norm—the norm of assertion. Its core contention is this: the ... More


Experts and Peer Disagreement

Jennifer Lackey

in Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198798705
eISBN:
9780191848469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798705.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

It is often argued that widespread disagreement among epistemic peers in a domain threatens expertise in that domain. This chapter sketches two different conceptions of expertise: the ... More


Anonymous Assertion

Sanford C. Goldberg

in Assertion: On the Philosophical Significance of Assertoric Speech

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198732488
eISBN:
9780191796708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732488.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, the hypothesis that assertion is answerable to an epistemic norm is used to illuminate the public nature of assertion. In particular, the aim is to address how the absence of a ... More


Privacy, Objectivity, Symmetry

José Luis Bermúdez

in Understanding I: Language and Thought

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780198796213
eISBN:
9780191837319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198796213.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Frege accepts the consequence that the sense of “I” is private and incommunicable. Evans follows him in accepting privacy, while arguing that unshareable “I”-thoughts can nonetheless be objective. ... More


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