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Knowledge, Truth, and Duty: Essays on Epistemic Justification, Responsibility, and Virtue

Matthias Steup (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195128925
eISBN:
9780199833764
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195128923.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Gathers 11 new and 3 previously published essays, all of which bear on questions having to do with epistemic justification, responsibility, and virtue. In the Introduction, Steup provides a summary ... More


The Virtues in Theory and Practice

Talbot Brewer

in The Retrieval of Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557882
eISBN:
9780191720918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557882.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Anglo‐American philosophy has recently seen two simultaneous virtue‐theoretic revivals — one in ethics and the other in epistemology. One might naturally assume that these are two manifestations of a ... More


Understanding ‘Virtue’ and the Virtue of Understanding

Wayne D. Riggs

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter offers an alternative to the standard success-oriented epistemological theories by arguing that the highest epistemic good is a state which includes much more than the achievement of ... More


Social Moral Epistemology and the Tasks of Ethics

Allen Buchanan

in Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter first identifies what is extremely valuable and distinctive in the approach to Ethics Glover takes in Humanity. It then goes on to argue that Glover's approach is incomplete, because it ... More


Active Ignorance, Epistemic Others, and Epistemic Friction

José Medina

in The Epistemology of Resistance: Gender and Racial Oppression, Epistemic Injustice, and the Social Imagination

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199929023
eISBN:
9780199301522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929023.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Focusing on racial and sexual oppression and their interrelation, chapter 1 provides an analysis of active ignorance and of three epistemic vices that support it: epistemic arrogance, laziness, and ... More


How to be a Virtue Epistemologist

Christopher Hookway

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter points out that standard versions of virtue epistemology accept and are motivated by the same central problems in epistemology — such as analyzing the concepts of knowledge and ... More


The Unity of the Epistemic Virtues

Alvin I. Goldman

in Pathways to Knowledge: Private and Public

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138795
eISBN:
9780199833252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138791.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A weak unity thesis about epistemic virtues holds that there is a core epistemic value – true belief – and that processes, traits, or actions are epistemic virtues by virtue of their relations with ... More


Democracy’s Ethics of Belief

Eric Beerbohm

in In Our Name: The Ethics of Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154619
eISBN:
9781400842384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154619.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses democracy's ethics of belief and asks how we can reconcile our decision-making responsibilities, as morally momentous as they can seem to be, with our epistemic and cognitive ... More


Irreplaceable Virtue

Adam Morton

in Bounded Thinking: Intellectual virtues for limited agents

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658534
eISBN:
9780191746192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658534.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

A virtue is a special kind of capacity to get things done, one that is sensitive to the situation in which it is employed, the state of the agent, and the changes at which it aims. These three are ... More


Epistemic Virtues and Vices

Chun Wei Choo

in The Inquiring Organization: How Organizations Acquire Knowledge and Seek Information

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199782031
eISBN:
9780190459598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782031.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter introduces virtue epistemology, a theory of knowledge based on an evaluation of the character traits of the agent. Knowledge is then a state of belief arising out of acts of epistemic ... More


The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Paul K. Moser (ed.)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130058
eISBN:
9780199833481
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130057.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book includes 19 essays on the theory of knowledge by leading philosophers in the field. Its essays cover all the key areas in the field while making original contributions. Written in a manner ... More


Reflective Knowledge in the Best Circles

Ernest Sosa

in Knowledge, Truth, and Duty: Essays on Epistemic Justification, Responsibility, and Virtue

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195128925
eISBN:
9780199833764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195128923.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In response to the well‐known circularity problems posed by Descartes and Moore, recommends externalist virtue epistemology, according to which a true belief amounts to knowledge if its truth is not ... More


Caring and Knowing: Ethical, Epistemic, and Political Agency

Vrinda Dalmiya

in Caring to Know: Comparative Care Ethics, Feminist Epistemology, and the Mahābhārata

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199464760
eISBN:
9780199086948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199464760.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Remaining objections to care and virtue-theoretic knowing are mitigated by appealing to the resources in each other. Epistemic agency is thus interwoven with ethical agency (and vice versa) thus ... More


The Epistemology of Stupidity

Pascal Engel

in Performance Epistemology: Foundations and Applications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198746942
eISBN:
9780191809156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746942.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter analyzes stupidity as a problem for epistemology. Its proper home belongs to virtue epistemology, as a specific epistemic vice, which has to be studied along the lines of both ... More


The Stoic Epistemic Virtues of Groups

Sarah Wright

in Essays in Collective Epistemology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199665792
eISBN:
9780191748615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665792.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

How do epistemic virtues apply to groups? This chapter demonstrates how a Stoic account of epistemic virtues is well-poised to be smoothly extended from individuals to groups. The Stoic distinction ... More


People Listen to People Who Listen: Instilling Virtues of Deference

Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij

in Character: New Directions from Philosophy, Psychology, and Theology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190204600
eISBN:
9780190204624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190204600.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Chapter 12 notes that we often fail to defer to sources who know what they are talking about, and argues that when we do so consistently, we fail to manifest a virtue of deference. This is because ... More


Stealthy Vices

Quassim Cassam

in Vices of the Mind: From the Intellectual to the Political

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198826903
eISBN:
9780191865824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198826903.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Stealthy vices, such as closed-mindedness, are epistemic vices that are inherently hard to detect because it is in their nature to block their own detection. This chapter defends the view that at ... More


From Knowledge to Understanding

Catherine Z. Elgin

in True Enough

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036535
eISBN:
9780262341370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036535.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In order to accommodate science, epistemology should focus on understanding rather than knowledge. Understanding is holistic and nonfactive. It involves knowing how to reason with, and perhaps how to ... More


To Thine Own Self Be True? Integrity and Concern for Truth

Greg Scherkoske

in Integrity, Honesty, and Truth Seeking

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190666026
eISBN:
9780190666064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190666026.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Most accounts of integrity in the philosophical literature see the virtue as having little to do with truth. At most, typically, one sort of integrity—intellectual integrity—is supposed to exhibit a ... More


Writing History in the Age of Biomedicine

Roger Cooter

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300186635
eISBN:
9780300189438
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300186635.001.0001
Subject:
History, Historiography

A collection of ten chapters paired with substantial prefaces, this book chronicles and contextualizes the author's contributions to the history of medicine. The book critically examines the politics ... More


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