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Concepts of Evidence, or How the Electron Got Its Charge

Peter Achinstein

in The Book of Evidence

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143898
eISBN:
9780199833023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143892.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Using as an example the results of Hertz's experiments on cathode rays in 1883, in which no electrical effects of these rays were observed, four concepts of evidence are introduced: ES (epistemic ... More


Kripke's Argument Against Materialism

Eli Hirsch

in The Waning of Materialism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556182
eISBN:
9780191721014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556182.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defends Saul Kripke's argument. The basic principle underlying the argument is that if a sentence contains only terms that pick out their referents essentially then, if the sentence ... More


The Book of Evidence

Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143898
eISBN:
9780199833023
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143892.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

What is required for a fact to be evidence for a hypothesis? In this book Achinstein introduces four concepts of evidence, which he calls potential, veridical, epistemic‐situation, and subjective. He ... More


Achinstein and the Evidence for Evolution

Richard A. Richards

in Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199738625
eISBN:
9780199894642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738625.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Peter Achinstein began his Book of Evidence with the claim that standard philosophical theories of evidence are and ought to be ignored by scientists. He could have gone further: historians of ... More


Rational Reflection and the Notorious Unmarked Clock

Robert C. Stalnaker

in Knowledge and Conditionals: Essays on the Structure of Inquiry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198810346
eISBN:
9780191847332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810346.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter concerns a reflection principle discussed by David Christensen and Adam Elga according to which a rational agent’s credence in ϕ‎ ought to be his or her expectation of the ideal credence ... More


Epistemic Friction: An Essay on Knowledge, Truth, and Logic

Gila Sher

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198768685
eISBN:
9780191822032
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198768685.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The essay approaches knowledge from the perspective of the “basic human epistemic situation”–the situation of limited yet resourceful beings, living in a complex world and aspiring to know it in its ... More


Reality, Intellect, Realism

Gila Sher

in Epistemic Friction: An Essay on Knowledge, Truth, and Logic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198768685
eISBN:
9780191822032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198768685.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The chapter develops an integrated view of realism, reality, and reason (intellect) for the new model. Its starting point is the “basic human epistemic situation”—a situation in which limited yet ... More


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