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The Geography of Epistemic Risk

Justin B. Biddle and Rebecca Kukla

in Exploring Inductive Risk: Case Studies of Values in Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190467715
eISBN:
9780190467753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467715.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

At each stage of inquiry, actions, choices, and judgments carry with them a chance that they will lead to mistakes and false conclusions. One of the most vigorously discussed kinds of epistemic risk ... More


Scientific Ontology and Speculative Ontology

Paul Humphreys

in Scientific Metaphysics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199696499
eISBN:
9780191744983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696499.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides six arguments in favor of scientifically based ontology and against speculative ontology, a branch of analytic metaphysics. Parts of contemporary speculative ontology are ... More


Moral Obligation and Epistemic Risk

Zoë Johnson King and Boris Babic

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics Volume 10

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198867944
eISBN:
9780191904578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198867944.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter concerns pernicious predictive inferences: taking someone to be likely to possess a socially disvalued trait based on statistical information about the prevalence of that trait within a ... More


Naturalism and the Grounding Metaphor

Anjan Chakravartty

in Scientific Ontology: Integrating Naturalized Metaphysics and Voluntarist Epistemology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190651459
eISBN:
9780190651480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190651459.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter develops the notion of degrees of metaphysical inference, giving content to a number of widely used but only vaguely specified metaphors regarding what it could mean to “naturalize” ... More


From Disease to Risk

Anya Plutynski

in Explaining Cancer: Finding Order in Disorder

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780199967452
eISBN:
9780190878474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199967452.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In Chapter 2, I consider several “line-drawing” problems. First, in the diagnosis of early-stage cancer, there is an epistemic risk involved in assessing whether a suspicious lesion is likely to ... More


Scientific Ontology and Speculative Ontology

Paul Humphreys

in Philosophical Papers

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780199334872
eISBN:
9780190219710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199334872.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

A contrast is drawn between two approaches to ontology: scientific ontology, which is constrained by scientific knowledge, and speculative ontology, which is not. Three primary arguments are provided ... More


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