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Meaning Constitution and Epistemic Rationality

Paul Horwich

in Reflections on Meaning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199251247
eISBN:
9780191603983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925124X.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Our beliefs and inferential transitions are subject to evaluation as rational or irrational by reference to general epistemic norms. But what could determine certain norms as the correct ones? This ... More


Ungrounded Reason

Paul Horwich

in Truth -- Meaning -- Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199268900
eISBN:
9780191708459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268900.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

We respect certain epistemic norms — including (roughly) that one should tentatively believe things to have the colors they seem to have, should conform to modus ponens and the principle of ... More


Assertion: New Philosophical Essays

Jessica Brown and Herman Cappelen (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199573004
eISBN:
9780191595127
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573004.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This volume brings together new chapters on assertion by leading epistemologists and philosophers of language. The chapters are arranged into two sections. The chapters in the first section address ... More


Pollockian Quasi‐Internalism

Alvin Plantinga

in Warrant: The Current Debate

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195078626
eISBN:
9780199833559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195078624.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, I examine John Pollock's conception of warrant, as developed in his article “Epistemic Norms” and his book Contemporary Theories of Knowledge. I argue that his official view of ... More


Normativity and Natural Knowledge

Hilary Kornblith

in Knowledge and its Place in Nature

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246311
eISBN:
9780191597862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246319.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Critics of naturalistic epistemology often argue that any account of knowledge that is descriptive thereby loses its ability to account for epistemic normativity. This chapter presents an account of ... More


Entitlement: The Basis for Empirical Epistemic Warrant

Tyler Burge

in Epistemic Entitlement

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198713524
eISBN:
9780191781940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198713524.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, American Philosophy

The chapter is comprised of five sections. First, it situates knowledge and epistemic warrant in a frame of representational and epistemic norms. It distinguishes two types of epistemic ... More


On Being Objective and Being Objectified

Sally Haslanger

in Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Catharine MacKinnon has argued that the stance of objectivity is a male stance and, more specifically, a stance of objectification: “to look at the world objectively is to objectify it.” This chapter ... More


Epistemic Evaluation: Purposeful Epistemology

David K. Henderson and John Greco (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199642632
eISBN:
9780191807145
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642632.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This volume aims to explore and apply a particular methodology in epistemology. The methodology is to consider the point(s) or purpose(s) of our epistemic evaluations, and to pursue epistemological ... More


Regularities, Rules, Meanings, Truth Conditions, and Epistemic Norms

Paul Horwich

in Truth -- Meaning -- Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199268900
eISBN:
9780191708459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268900.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

The project here is to trace an explanatory route through these phenomena. It is argued that the basic facts amongst them are idealized law-like regularities of word use (characterized in ... More


The Norms of Acceptance

Joëlle Proust

in The Philosophy of Metacognition: Mental Agency and Self-Awareness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199602162
eISBN:
9780191758096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602162.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Several problems plague acceptance. First, it is unclear how a context of acceptance is to be construed. Second, the possibility of conjoining an epistemic component and a utility component is merely ... More


The Spectra of Epistemic Norms

Matt Weiner

in Epistemic Norms: New Essays on Action, Belief, and Assertion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199660025
eISBN:
9780191772672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660025.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is argued that there is a wide variety of epistemic norms, distributed along two different spectra. One spectrum runs from the ideal to the practical and concerns the extent to which it is ... More


How to be a Virtue Epistemologist

Christopher Hookway

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter points out that standard versions of virtue epistemology accept and are motivated by the same central problems in epistemology — such as analyzing the concepts of knowledge and ... More


Value and Epistemic Normativity

David Owens

in Normativity and Control

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198713234
eISBN:
9780191781667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198713234.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

Many writers have sought to ground epistemic normativity in the value of knowledge or truth, or else in the value of successful agency. Here it is proposed that epistemic norms derive their authority ... More


Metacognition or Metarepresentation? A Critical Discussion of Attributivism

Joëlle Proust

in The Philosophy of Metacognition: Mental Agency and Self-Awareness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199602162
eISBN:
9780191758096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602162.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A definition of metacognition as ‘cognition about cognition’ captures neither every aspect of metacognition, nor even its essential aspects. This chapter defends the view that procedural ... More


The Dual-Aspect Norms of Belief and Assertion: A Virtue Approach to Epistemic Norms

Sarah Wright

in Epistemic Norms: New Essays on Action, Belief, and Assertion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199660025
eISBN:
9780191772672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660025.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter suggesteds that rather than a single univocal norm of belief, there is instead a dual-aspect norm of belief, each aspect taking a different form and focusing on a different epistemic ... More


Intellectual Flourishing as the Fundamental Epistemic Norm

Berit Brogaard

in Epistemic Norms: New Essays on Action, Belief, and Assertion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199660025
eISBN:
9780191772672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660025.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to the extended knowledge account of assertion, we should only assert and act on what we know. Call this the ‘Knowledge Norm’. Because moral and prudential rules prohibit morally and ... More


No Need for Excuses: Against Knowledge-First Epistemology and the Knowledge Norm of Assertion

Joshua Schechter

in Knowledge First: Approaches in Epistemology and Mind

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198716310
eISBN:
9780191785023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198716310.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter discusses the viability of knowledge-first epistemology. The chapter has two parts. The first part presents several big-picture objections to knowledge-first epistemology and argues that ... More


Epistemic Norms: New Essays on Action, Belief, and Assertion

Clayton Littlejohn and John Turri (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199660025
eISBN:
9780191772672
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660025.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Epistemic norms play an increasingly important role in many current debates in epistemology and beyond. Paramount among these are debates about belief, action, and assertion. Three primary questions ... More


Knowledge and Information in Organizational Learning: An Introduction

Chun Wei Choo

in The Inquiring Organization: How Organizations Acquire Knowledge and Seek Information

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199782031
eISBN:
9780190459598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782031.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the nature of and the relationship between organizational knowledge, knowledge acquisition, organizational learning, and organizational information behavior. It suggests that ... More


The Philosophy of Metacognition: Mental Agency and Self-Awareness

Joëlle Proust

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199602162
eISBN:
9780191758096
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602162.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Does metacognition, i.e. the capacity to form epistemic self-evaluations about one’s current cognitive performance, derive from a mindreading capacity, or does it rely, at least in part, on sui ... More


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