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A Virtue Epistemology: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume I

Ernest Sosa

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297023
eISBN:
9780191711411
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297023.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book presents the six Locke Lectures given in Oxford in May and June of 2005. They appear now very nearly as delivered; they argue for two levels of knowledge — the animal and the reflective — ... More


Epistemic Normativity

Ernest Sosa

in A Virtue Epistemology: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume I

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297023
eISBN:
9780191711411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297023.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter gives a distinctive account of the normativity that is constitutive of knowledge. This account is used to throw light on the much discussed value problem that derives from Plato's Meno: ... More


Normativity and Natural Knowledge

Hilary Kornblith

in Knowledge and its Place in Nature

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246311
eISBN:
9780191597862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246319.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Critics of naturalistic epistemology often argue that any account of knowledge that is descriptive thereby loses its ability to account for epistemic normativity. This chapter presents an account of ... More


What Is Distinctive about Feminist Epistemology at 25?

Phyllis Rooney

in Out from the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199855469
eISBN:
9780199932788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855469.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Attempts to identify feminist epistemology by picking out particular topics or projects that supposedly all feminist epistemologists engage, or by focusing on specific claims or theories about ... More


The Problem of the Source of Epistemic Normativity

Hazlett Allan

in A Luxury of the Understanding: On the Value of True Belief

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199674800
eISBN:
9780191761164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674800.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The “problem of the source of epistemic normativity,” which is the problem of explaining the appropriateness of epistemic evaluation and epistemic reasons attribution, is introduced. Accounts of ... More


Forms of Consciousness

Carlos Montemayor and Harry Haroutioun Haladjian

in Consciousness, Attention, and Conscious Attention

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028974
eISBN:
9780262327497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028974.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on the philosophical theories about consciousness and how they might relate to our understanding of visual attention. By examining several theoretical considerations, a robust ... More


Epistemic Agency

Ernest Sosa

in Knowing Full Well

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143972
eISBN:
9781400836918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143972.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter takes up ways in which the epistemic realm admits a kind of agency and how this bears on the performance normativity proper to that realm. It argues that epistemic normativity is just ... More


Knowing Full Well

Ernest Sosa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143972
eISBN:
9781400836918
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143972.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book explains the nature of knowledge through an approach originated by the author years ago, known as virtue epistemology. The book provides a comprehensive account of the author's views on ... More


The Costs of Epistemic Realism

Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij

in Metaepistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198805366
eISBN:
9780191843433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805366.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers some neglected costs of epistemic realism. It argues that those responding to the realist’s main argument against epistemic expressivism—the so-called perspective ... More


Doubts about “Genuinely Normative” Epistemic Reasons

Hille Paakkunainen

in Metaepistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198805366
eISBN:
9780191843433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805366.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Instrumentalist and teleologist views in metaepistemology hold that epistemic reasons are goal-relative or value-relative. In the face of counterexamples involving apparently pointless or ... More


Epistemically Proper Belief: The Very Idea

Sanford C. Goldberg

in To the Best of Our Knowledge: Social Expectations and Epistemic Normativity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198793670
eISBN:
9780191853203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793670.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the sort of normativity that is at the heart of epistemology is the sort of normativity involved in assessments of whether a subject’s belief satisfies the distinctly ... More


Knowing Full Well

Ernest Sosa

in Knowing Full Well

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143972
eISBN:
9781400836918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143972.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the epistemic normativity that constitutes our knowledge. It introduces two of Plato's best-known dialogues, which are both inquiries about knowledge. The Theaetetus inquires ... More


A Luxury of the Understanding: On the Value of True Belief

Allan Hazlett

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199674800
eISBN:
9780191761164
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674800.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The value of true belief has played a central role in history of philosophy – consider Socrates’ slogan that the unexamined life is not worth living, and Aristotle’s claim that everyone naturally ... More


Thick Concepts

Matti Eklund

in Choosing Normative Concepts

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198717829
eISBN:
9780191787331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717829.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The discussion up to here has focused on central, or thin, normative concepts. The present chapter focuses on thick concepts and discusses how the conceptual framework introduced can be used to ... More


Passing the Epistemic Buck

Davide Fassio and Anne Meylan

in Metaepistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198805366
eISBN:
9780191843433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805366.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

While buck-passing accounts are widely discussed in the literature, there have been surprisingly few attempts to apply buck-passing analyses to specific normative domains such as aesthetics and ... More


Epistemic Normativity

Hilary Kornblith

in A Naturalistic Epistemology: Selected Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198712459
eISBN:
9780191780783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712459.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the source and content of epistemic norms. In virtue of what is it that epistemic norms have their normative force? Semantic accounts, such as the one offered by Alvin Goldman, ... More


To the Best of Our Knowledge: Social Expectations and Epistemic Normativity

Sanford C. Goldberg

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198793670
eISBN:
9780191853203
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793670.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

We expect certain things of each other as epistemic subjects, and it is the normativity of these expectations that underwrites the normativity of epistemic assessment itself. In developing this claim ... More


Epistemic Normativity and Social Norms

Peter J. Graham

in Epistemic Evaluation: Purposeful Epistemology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199642632
eISBN:
9780191807145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642632.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What kind of norms are epistemic norms? Constitutive, prudential, functional, moral? Is epistemic normativity normativity sui generis or does epistemic normativity reduce to some other kind of ... More


Why Only Evidential Considerations Can Justify Belief

Kate Nolfi

in Normativity: Epistemic and Practical

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198758709
eISBN:
9780191818622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758709.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

At least when we restrict our attention to the epistemic domain, it seems clear that only considerations which bear on whether p can render a subject’s belief that p epistemically justified, by ... More


The Epistemic Norms of Action

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 6 concerns the normative relationship between action and knowledge ascriptions. Arguments are provided against a Knowledge Norm of Action (KNAC) and in favor of the Warrant-Action norm (WA). ... More


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