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Knowledge, Truth, and Duty: Essays on Epistemic Justification, Responsibility, and Virtue

Matthias Steup (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195128925
eISBN:
9780199833764
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195128923.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Gathers 11 new and 3 previously published essays, all of which bear on questions having to do with epistemic justification, responsibility, and virtue. In the Introduction, Steup provides a summary ... More


The Epistemic Justifiability of Faith‐beliefs: An Ambiguity Thesis

John Bishop

in Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

It is initially plausible that people are morally entitled to take faith-beliefs to be true only when held on the basis of adequate evidential support. This moral evidentialism is parsed into (1) the ... More


The ‘Justifiability’ of Faith‐beliefs: An Ultimately Moral Issue

John Bishop

in Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that reflective believers' concern is ultimately not just for the epistemic, but for the moral justifiability of their taking faith-beliefs to be true. In response to the doxastic ... More


Renewed Acquaintance

Brie Gertler

in Introspection and Consciousness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744794
eISBN:
9780199933396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744794.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter elaborates and defends a set of metaphysical and epistemic claims that comprise what is called the acquaintance approach to introspective knowledge of the phenomenal qualities of ... More


Iceberg Epistemology: Vindicating and Transforming Some Traditional Accounts of Justification

David Henderson and Terence Horgan

in The Epistemological Spectrum: At the Interface of Cognitive Science and Conceptual Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608546
eISBN:
9780191729584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608546.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Results in the previous chapter call for an iceberg epistemology with two complementary foci. One is the traditional focus on conscious and accessible psychological factors; the other focus is the ... More


Truth as the Epistemic Goal

Marian David

in Knowledge, Truth, and Duty: Essays on Epistemic Justification, Responsibility, and Virtue

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195128925
eISBN:
9780199833764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195128923.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Examines the difficulties involved in explaining what is distinctive about epistemic – as opposed to prudential or moral – justification by invoking the truth goal: roughly, the goal of believing ... More


Conclusions: Can We Rely on Natural Signs for a “Hidden” God?

C. Stephen Evans

in Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Chapter 6 concludes that the natural signs of God provide prima facie evidence of God's existence and even, for people in some epistemic positions, makes belief in God reasonable. While the signs are ... More


Epistemic Justification

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243792
eISBN:
9780191598524
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243794.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Modern disputes about what makes a belief epistemically justified or rational are flawed through failing to recognize that there are different kinds of justifications that are in different ways ... More


Epistemology: New Essays

Quentin Smith (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199264933
eISBN:
9780191718472
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264933.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book offers a view of the current state of play in epistemology in the form of twelve chapters by some of the philosophers who have most influenced the course of debates in recent years. Topics ... More


Epistemic and Moral Duty

Bruce Russell

in Knowledge, Truth, and Duty: Essays on Epistemic Justification, Responsibility, and Virtue

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195128925
eISBN:
9780199833764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195128923.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Is in part about the relation between epistemic and moral justification. Begins with the distinction between subjective and objective moral justification, and then moves on to examine the difference ... More


Defending Transglobal Reliabilism

David Henderson and Terence Horgan

in The Epistemological Spectrum: At the Interface of Cognitive Science and Conceptual Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608546
eISBN:
9780191729584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608546.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The overall work of this chapter is two-fold: First, it illustrates how philosophical reflection leading to transglobal reliabilism fully conforms to the model of low-grade a priori reflection ... More


Voluntary Belief and Epistemic Evaluation

Richard Feldman

in Knowledge, Truth, and Duty: Essays on Epistemic Justification, Responsibility, and Virtue

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195128925
eISBN:
9780199833764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195128923.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Feldman defends the view that epistemic justification is analyzable in terms of an epistemic ‘ought’ against the objection that, unlike action, belief is not under voluntary control, which it would ... More


Accessibilism

Declan Smithies

in The Epistemic Role of Consciousness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780199917662
eISBN:
9780199345588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199917662.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 7 answers the explanatory challenge by combining phenomenal mentalism with accessibilism to yield phenomenal accessibilism. Section 7.1 defines accessibilism as the thesis that epistemic ... More


An Expanded Conception of Epistemically Relevant Cognitive Processes: the Role of Morphological Content

David Henderson and Terence Horgan

in The Epistemological Spectrum: At the Interface of Cognitive Science and Conceptual Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608546
eISBN:
9780191729584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608546.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Emerging results in cognitive science have far-reaching consequences concerning the cognitive processes that make for doxastic justification. Epistemologists commonly suppose that epistemological ... More


Seemings

Declan Smithies

in The Epistemic Role of Consciousness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780199917662
eISBN:
9780199345588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199917662.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 12 concludes the book by contrasting phenomenal accessibilism with Michael Huemer’s phenomenal conservatism. Section 12.1 defines phenomenal conservatism as the global principle that you have ... More


Evidence

Earl Conee and Richard Feldman

in Epistemology: New Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199264933
eISBN:
9780191718472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264933.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Evidentialism is the view that epistemic justification is a product of evidence. Evidentialism holds that the justification of attitudes other than belief is also determined by evidence. When one's ... More


Mentalism

Declan Smithies

in The Epistemic Role of Consciousness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780199917662
eISBN:
9780199345588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199917662.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 6 develops a theory of epistemic justification designed to capture the epistemic role of phenomenal consciousness: namely, phenomenal mentalism. Section 6.1 defines epistemic justification ... More


Transglobal Reliabilism

David Henderson and Terence Horgan

in The Epistemological Spectrum: At the Interface of Cognitive Science and Conceptual Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608546
eISBN:
9780191729584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608546.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The neoclassical reliabilism of chapter three is found to be flawed. Its inadequacy is strongly suggested by variants of the so-called “new evil demon problem.” Discussion of such scenarios, and the ... More


Reflection

Declan Smithies

in The Epistemic Role of Consciousness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780199917662
eISBN:
9780199345588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199917662.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 8 motivates accessibilism by appealing to William Alston’s hypothesis that the value of epistemic justification is tied to reflection, an activity that is the distinctive mark of persons who ... More


Epistemic Akrasia

Declan Smithies

in The Epistemic Role of Consciousness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780199917662
eISBN:
9780199345588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199917662.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 9 argues that accessibilism is needed to explain the epistemic irrationality of epistemic akrasia—roughly, believing things you believe you shouldn’t believe. Section 9.1 defines epistemic ... More


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