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The Epistemology of Resistance: Gender and Racial Oppression, Epistemic Injustice, and the Social Imagination

José Medina

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199929023
eISBN:
9780199301522
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929023.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book explores the epistemic side of oppression, focusing on racial and sexual oppression and their interconnections. It elucidates how social insensitivities and imposed silences prevent members ... More


Resistance as Epistemic Vice and as Epistemic Virtue

José Medina

in The Epistemology of Resistance: Gender and Racial Oppression, Epistemic Injustice, and the Social Imagination

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199929023
eISBN:
9780199301522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929023.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that testimonial injustice involves a lack of proportionality in the appraisals of epistemic qualities such as credibility. Being always comparative and contrastive, an epistemic ... More


Silence and Institutional Prejudice

Miranda Fricker

in Out from the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199855469
eISBN:
9780199932788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855469.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

When someone speaks but is not heard because of their accent, or their sex, or the color of their skin, they suffer a distinctive form of injustice—they are undermined as a knower. This kind of ... More


Epistemic Injustice in Healthcare

Havi Carel

in Phenomenology of Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199669653
eISBN:
9780191829925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669653.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that ill persons are particularly vulnerable to epistemic injustice in the sense articulated by Miranda Fricker. Ill persons are vulnerable to testimonial injustice through the ... More


Non-deference to Religious Authority: Epistemic Arrogance or Justice?

Teri Merrick

in Voices from the Edge: Centring Marginalized Perspectives in Analytic Theology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198848844
eISBN:
9780191883224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198848844.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In Epistemic Authority, Linda Zagzebski argues that members of long-standing religious communities are rationally justified in deferring to the authority of their tradition when asserting certain ... More


No Justice, No Peace: Uncivil Protest and the Politics Of Confrontation

JosÉ Medina

in Protest and Dissent: NOMOS LXII

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781479810512
eISBN:
9781479837564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479810512.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter defends a confrontational view of protest that puts civil and uncivil protest in a continuum and argues for the contextual legitimacy of uncivil protest. The chapter argues both against ... More


Should Epistemic Injustices Be Redressed by the “Corrective Virtues”?

Alan Thomas

in Justice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190631741
eISBN:
9780190631789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190631741.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines the kind of wronging of a person involved in cases of epistemic injustice and whether or not epistemic injustice, so understood, is better remedied by state action or by what ... More


Epistemic Virtues and Vices

Chun Wei Choo

in The Inquiring Organization: How Organizations Acquire Knowledge and Seek Information

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199782031
eISBN:
9780190459598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782031.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter introduces virtue epistemology, a theory of knowledge based on an evaluation of the character traits of the agent. Knowledge is then a state of belief arising out of acts of epistemic ... More


Moral Testimony: Going on the Offensive

Eric Wiland

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics 12

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198805076
eISBN:
9780191843174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805076.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Is there anything peculiarly bad about accepting moral testimony? According to pessimists, trusting moral testimony is an inadequate substitute for working out your moral views on your own. ... More


Realism, Pragmatism, and Critical Social Epistemology

Susan Dieleman

in Pragmatism and Justice

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190459239
eISBN:
9780190459260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190459239.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Many contemporary critical social epistemologists, engaged in discussions of just and unjust knowledges and knowing practices, claim that realism is a necessary feature of their projects; without it, ... More


Stereotype Threat, Epistemic Injustice, and Rationality

Stacey Goguen

in Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 1: Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198713241
eISBN:
9780191781698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713241.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues for a more comprehensive account of stereotype threat, since current accounts and descriptions focus only on the phenomenon’s ability to hinder performance. Its other effects are ... More


The Entanglement of Christian Theology and the Coloniality of Power: The Possibilities of a Response

Joseph Drexler-Dreis

in Decolonial Love: Salvation in Colonial Modernity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780823281886
eISBN:
9780823286003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823281886.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The second chapter investigates the link between Christian thought and the historical matrix decolonial thinkers have theorized as the coloniality of power. In light of the historical theory of ... More


Pragmatism, Racial Injustice, and Epistemic Insurrection: Toward an Insurrectionist Pragmatism

José Medina

in Pragmatism and Justice

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190459239
eISBN:
9780190459260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190459239.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Following Cornel West and Leonard Harris, this chapter reflects on how pragmatism can address the tragedy of racial injustices and meet the insurrectionist challenges these injustices raise. Pace ... More


Extended Knowledge, the Recognition Heuristic, and Epistemic Injustice

Mark Alfano and Joshua August Skorburg

in Extended Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198769811
eISBN:
9780191822643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198769811.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that the interaction of biased media coverage and widespread employment of the recognition heuristic can produce epistemic injustices. It explains the recognition heuristic as ... More


Care-based Epistemology and the Comparative Feminist Context

Vrinda Dalmiya

in Caring to Know: Comparative Care Ethics, Feminist Epistemology, and the Mahābhārata

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199464760
eISBN:
9780199086948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199464760.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter argues for extending insights of care ethics into a theory of knowledge. It lays out the motivations behind constructing a feminist virtue epistemology founded on what could be called ... More


Coda: Folk Epistemology and Epistemic Injustice

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The brief Coda considers the key conclusions and methodology as a general framework for the study of folk epistemology. In particular, it highlights how the study of folk epistemology simultaneously ... More


Stigma and self-esteem

Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen

in Making Sense of Affirmative Action

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190648787
eISBN:
9780190648817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190648787.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter looks at the objection that the intended beneficiaries of affirmative action are harmed through its stigmatizing effects and, thus, that affirmative action is self-defeating. It offers ... More


Introduction: Moral Responsibility in Contexts of Structural Injustice

Katrina Hutchison, Catriona Mackenzie, and Marina Oshana

in Social Dimensions of Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190609610
eISBN:
9780190609634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190609610.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This introduction distinguishes ways the social dimensions of moral responsibility have been investigated in recent philosophical literature: some theories highlight the interpersonal dimensions of ... More


Collective Amnesia and Epistemic Injustice

Alessandra Tanesini

in Socially Extended Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198801764
eISBN:
9780191840357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801764.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Communities often respond to traumatic events in their histories by destroying objects that would cue memories of a past they wish to forget and by building artefacts which memorialize a new version ... More


Anti-Reductionism and Expected Trust

Sanford C. Goldberg

in Conversational Pressure: Normativity in Speech Exchanges

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198856436
eISBN:
9780191889707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856436.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter addresses the prospects of using anti-reductionism in the epistemology of testimony to establish that speakers are entitled to expect to be presumed trustworthy when they testify. If it ... More


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