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Freedom

Hilary Kornblith

in On Reflection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199563005
eISBN:
9780191745263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563005.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Human beings, it seems, have freedom of the will. What does this amount to? Some have argued that free-willed action is nothing more than bodily behavior which is caused in a certain way by beliefs ... More


Epistemic Agency

Ernest Sosa

in Knowing Full Well

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143972
eISBN:
9781400836918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143972.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter takes up ways in which the epistemic realm admits a kind of agency and how this bears on the performance normativity proper to that realm. It argues that epistemic normativity is just ... More


Reasons, Naturalism, and Transcendental Philosophy

Hilary Kornblith

in Transcendental Philosophy and Naturalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608553
eISBN:
9780191729645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608553.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There is a view about the nature of human reason which is held by a large number of contemporary philosophers according to which reason somehow eludes naturalization. The position these philosophers ... More


Forms of Consciousness

Carlos Montemayor and Harry Haroutioun Haladjian

in Consciousness, Attention, and Conscious Attention

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028974
eISBN:
9780262327497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028974.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on the philosophical theories about consciousness and how they might relate to our understanding of visual attention. By examining several theoretical considerations, a robust ... More


Knowing Full Well

Ernest Sosa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143972
eISBN:
9781400836918
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143972.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book explains the nature of knowledge through an approach originated by the author years ago, known as virtue epistemology. The book provides a comprehensive account of the author's views on ... More


The Internet and Epistemic Agency

Hanna Gunn and Michael Patrick Lynch

in Applied Epistemology

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198833659
eISBN:
9780191872082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833659.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, Hanna Gunn and Michael Patrick Lynch examine the connection between epistemic agency and the internet. They identify two conditions that are true of responsible epistemic agency: ... More


The Epistemic Innocence Project

Lisa Bortolotti

in The Epistemic Innocence of Irrational Beliefs

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198863984
eISBN:
9780191896262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863984.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Human agents do not simply survive but navigate their world quite successfully despite being inclined to adopt and hang onto irrational beliefs. In this introductory chapter, the author justifies the ... More


Epistemic Responsibility in Social Context

Sanford C. Goldberg

in To the Best of Our Knowledge: Social Expectations and Epistemic Normativity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198793670
eISBN:
9780191853203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793670.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter addresses a host of worries that one might have about this book’s account of epistemic propriety and epistemic responsibility. Chief among these are worries about the threat of social ... More


Consensus as an Epistemic Norm for Group Acceptance

Joëlle Proust

in Socially Extended Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198801764
eISBN:
9780191840357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801764.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What are the propositional attitude(s) involved in collective epistemic agency? There are two opposing camps on this question: the ascribers have defended an extended notion of belief, while the ... More


Must Knowers Be Agents?

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

in Epistemic Values: Collected Papers in Epistemology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780197529171
eISBN:
9780197529201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197529171.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores agency as it applies to epistemic evaluation, using epistemic analogues of the well-known Frankfurt cases against the Principle of Alternate Possibilities. It argues that the ... More


Epistemic Agency

Ernest Sosa

in Judgment and Agency

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198719694
eISBN:
9780191788765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719694.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Varieties of epistemic agency are distinguished, and we explore how such agency is related to normativity, freedom, reasons, competence, and skepticism. Three regions of our lives are distinguished: ... More


Epistemic Agency

Hilary Kornblith

in Performance Epistemology: Foundations and Applications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198746942
eISBN:
9780191809156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746942.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Over the years, the notion of epistemic agency has played a larger and larger role in Ernest Sosa’s epistemology. In his most recent work, epistemic agency plays an absolutely central role in ... More


Predatory Grooming and Epistemic Infringement

Lauren Leydon-Hardy

in Applied Epistemology

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198833659
eISBN:
9780191872082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833659.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Predatory grooming is a form of abuse most familiar from high-profile cases of sexual misconduct, for example, the Nassar case at Michigan State. Predatory groomers target individuals in a systematic ... More


Introduction: Performance Epistemology: Foundations and Applications

Miguel Ángel Fernández Vargas

in Performance Epistemology: Foundations and Applications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198746942
eISBN:
9780191809156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746942.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book brings together previously unpublished work which looks at issues concerning the foundations and applications of a prominent branch of virtue epistemology: “performance-based epistemology” ... More


Stereotype Threat, Epistemic Injustice, and Rationality

Stacey Goguen

in Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 1: Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198713241
eISBN:
9780191781698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713241.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues for a more comprehensive account of stereotype threat, since current accounts and descriptions focus only on the phenomenon’s ability to hinder performance. Its other effects are ... More


Sexual Consent and Epistemic Agency

Jennifer Lackey

in Applied Epistemology

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198833659
eISBN:
9780191872082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833659.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In “Sexual Consent and Epistemic Agency,” Jennifer Lackey examines sexual consent in the context of the widely accepted thesis that knowledge is sufficient for epistemically permissible action; that ... More


Epistemic Agency and Judgment

Ernest Sosa

in Epistemic Norms: New Essays on Action, Belief, and Assertion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199660025
eISBN:
9780191772672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660025.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The main focus in what follows will be judgment: the act of affirmation or the disposition to perform that act. Not just any disposition to affirm counts as belief, however. One might be disposed to ... More


Who Knows?

Baron Reed

in Performance Epistemology: Foundations and Applications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198746942
eISBN:
9780191809156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746942.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter traces the significance of a common feature of action and knowledge. A successful analysis of action must capture the sense in which there is someone who is acting. Similarly, it is ... More


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