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The Gene's‐Eye View and its Discontents

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the ‘genic’ view of evolution associated with Williams, Dawkins, Maynard Smith, and others. A distinction is drawn between the process of genic selection and a gene's eye ... More


Inbreeding and Outbreeding

Nickolas M. Waser and Charles F. Williams

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Contemplate the descent of a piece of DNA (or RNA in organisms using this as their genetic material). The DNA is copied, and copies are passed to ... More


Fitness Landscape Models

M. E. J. Newman and R. G. Palmer

in Modeling Extinction

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195159455
eISBN:
9780197562000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195159455.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Kauffman (1993, 1995; Kauffman and Levin 1987; Kauffman and Johnsen 1991) has proposed and studied in depth a class of models referred to as NK models, which are ... More


Population Genetics of Complex Traits

Daniel L. Hartl

in A Primer of Population Genetics and Genomics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198862291
eISBN:
9780191895074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862291.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 8’s focus is on the genetic architecture of complex traits determined jointly by multiple genes and environmental factors. Sometimes called quantitative genetics, the basic concepts include ... More


Wright’s Adaptive Landscape Versus Fisher’s Fundamental Theorem

Steven A. Frank

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Two giants of evolutionary theory, Sewall Wright and R. A. Fisher, fought bitterly for over thirty years. The Wright–Fisher controversy forms a cornerstone of the history and philosophy of biology. ... More


Wright’s Adaptive Landscape: Testing the Predictions of his Shifting Balance Theory

Michael J. Wade

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Our understanding of Wright's shifting balance theory (SBT) has deepened and its empirical predictions have been enriched by the theoretical, field and laboratory experimental research. Whereas ... More


The genetics and evolution of flowering time variation in plants: Identifying genes that control a key life history transition

Joshua A. Banta and Michael D. Purugganan

in Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The ecologically appropriate timing of flowering is a crucial life history in plants, and marks the transition from vegetative to reproductive stages in the life cycle. This chapter discusses the ... More


Cystic fibrosis

Robert L. Perlman

in Evolution and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199661718
eISBN:
9780191774720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661718.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Cystic fibrosis, the most common severe autosomal recessive disease affecting Caucasian populations, illustrates many important concepts about the relationship between genes and disease. The Cystic ... More


Epistatic social and endocrine networks and the evolution of life history trade-offs and plasticity

Lesley T. Lancaster and Barry Sinervo

in Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.003.0025
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Traditional life history theory ignores trade-offs due to social interactions, yet social systems expand the set of possible trade-offs affecting a species evolution by introducing asymmetric ... More


Nature and Causes of Variation

Susan J. Mazer and John Damuth

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

The field of evolutionary ecology is at its core the study of variation within individuals, among individuals, among populations, and among species. For ... More


The Geographic Dynamics of Coevolution

John N. Thompson

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0032
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Coevolution is reciprocal evolutionary change in interacting species driven by natural selection. It is a pervasive evolutionary process that has shaped ... More


Organic Evolution and Problem Solving

Thomas Bäck

in Title Pages

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195099713
eISBN:
9780197560921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195099713.003.0006
Subject:
Computer Science, Systems Analysis and Design

Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs), the topic of this work, is an interdisciplinary research field with a relationship to biology, Artificial Intelligence, ... More


The genetics of genius

David T. Lykken

in Genius and the Mind: Studies of Creativity and Temperament

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523734
eISBN:
9780191688997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523734.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter outlines the advances in molecular genetics and discusses their application to genius. The chapter points out, the question is no longer whether genetic or environmental factors ... More


Interaction of Selection, Mutation, and Drift

Bruce Walsh and Michael Lynch

in Evolution and Selection of Quantitative Traits

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198830870
eISBN:
9780191868986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830870.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter examines the joint impact of selection, mutation, and drift on the allele frequencies at a locus. One key finding is that if the strength of selection is sufficiently weak relative to ... More


Genetics and Genomics

Andrew P. Hendry

in Eco-evolutionary Dynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691145433
eISBN:
9781400883080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145433.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on common empirical methods for studying the genetics of adaptation: quantitative genetics, quantitative trait locus (QTL) linkage mapping, association mapping, genome scans, ... More


Complexities in Genome Structure and Evolution

Michael Purugganan

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter analyzes the revolutionary impact of genomic science on the study of evolution, and addresses the issues that modern evolutionary biology has either learned or needs to grapple with in ... More


Scoring, Searching and Evaluating Bayesian Network Models of Gene-phenotype Association

Xia Jiang, Shyam Visweswaran, and Richard E. Neapolitan

in Probabilistic Graphical Models for Genetics, Genomics, and Postgenomics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198709022
eISBN:
9780191779619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709022.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

The arrival of genome-wide association studies (GWASs) has opened the exciting possibility of identifying genetic variations (single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)) that underlie common diseases. ... More


Darwin’s molecule: Evolutionary insights into mechanisms of biochemical adaptation and protein evolution

Jay F. Storz

in Hemoglobin: Insights into protein structure, function, and evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198810681
eISBN:
9780191847929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810681.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Chapter 9 discusses conceptual issues in protein evolution and provides a synthesis of lessons learned from studies of hemoglobin function. Using hemoglobin as a model molecule, we can exploit an ... More


The Evolution of Sex

Maria E. Orive

in The Theory of Evolution: Principles, Concepts, and Assumptions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226671024
eISBN:
9780226671338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226671338.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The theory of the evolution of sex is one of the richest and most quantitatively sophisticated bodies of theory within evolutionary biology. While briefly introducing other biological phenomena ... More


Multilocus evolution

Glenn-Peter Sætre and Mark Ravinet

in Evolutionary Genetics: Concepts, Analysis, and Practice

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198830917
eISBN:
9780191868993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830917.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Most phenotypic traits are affected by a multitude of genes, which may interact in complex ways. This means that the single locus model explored in chapters 3 and 4 is not always able to capture the ... More


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