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Theories of Hippocampal Function

Morris Richard

in The Hippocampus Book

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195100273
eISBN:
9780199864133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100273.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter considers a number of prominent theories of hippocampal function that have been developed from work on animals. Two theories have dominated research on hippocampal function over the past ... More


Neural Basis of Autobiographical Memory

Peggy L. St. Jacques and Roberto Cabeza

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The results of functional neuroimaging studies of autobiographical memory can inform our understanding of the neural correlates of recollection in several ways. First, autobiographical memory ... More


 Binding and Organization in the Medial Temporal Lobe

Paul A. Lipton and Howard Eichenbaum

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter outlines a framework that describes how interactions between medial temporal lobe structures, such as the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex bind and organize information to support ... More


 The Roles of Hippocampal Subfields in Processing Spatial Contexts of Events: Neurophysiological and Behavioral Analyses

Inah Lee, Raymond P. Kesner, and James J. Knierim

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter seeks to establish the link, based on experimental evidence, between some of the key computational principles of the hippocampal subfields and their cognitive functions for episodic ... More


Multiple Memory Systems: A Historical Perspective

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides an historical review and analysis of systematic attempts to characterize different forms of memory, and the central observations that support the idea of multiple memory ... More


 Spatial View Cells in the Primate Hippocampus, and Memory

Edmund T. Rolls

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines how space is represented in the primate hippocampus, how this is related to the memory and spatial functions performed by the hippocampus, and how the hippocampus performs these ... More


Candidates for Near-Personhood

Gary E. Varner

in Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two Level Utilitarianism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199758784
eISBN:
9780199949465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199758784.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

“Near-persons” are like persons insofar as they have a robust, conscious sense of their past and future, and this ability gives their lives special moral significance in comparison to “merely ... More


Memory Development Following Early Medial Temporal Lobe Injury

Michelle de Haan

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on how injury during childhood to brain regions known to underlie cognitive memory in adults affects the functional development of cognitive memory. The aim is to review such ... More


Retracing the Past: Memory and Passage

Robin Le Poidevin

in The Images of Time: An Essay on Temporal Representation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199265893
eISBN:
9780191708619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265893.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores the nature of episodic memory, in other words, the kind of memory that links us with our past experiences. The two theories of time introduced in the previous chapter — namely ... More


The Relationship Between Brain Activity, Cognitive Performance, and Aging: The Case of Memory

Michael D. Rugg and Alexa M. Morcom

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses some of the methodological issues that arise when using noninvasive measures of neural activity (specifically, functional magnetic resonance imaging [fMRI] and event-related ... More


 Place Cells Identify Hippocampus with Location‐Specific Construction of Mental Images

Neil Burgess and Chris M. Bird

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Single-cell recording from hippocampal place cells has enabled the development of detailed models of spatial memory. This chapter focuses on the BVC model, which predicts a role for the hippocampus ... More


Attention and long-term memory

Nelson Cowan

in Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the importance of attention for long-term memory encoding and retrieval. Some attention is probably needed to perceive items adequately. Beyond that, one can distinguish ... More


Theories of episodic memory

Andrew R. Mayes and Neil Roberts

in Episodic Memory: New Directions in Research

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508809
eISBN:
9780191687396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508809.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter first outlines the processes and information involved in making episodic representations at encoding and considers the underlying brain regions. Second, major views about the ... More


Oscillations in the “Other Cortex”: Navigation in Real and Memory Space

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

The hippocampus and associated structures are organized in multiple loops, with reciprocal connections to the neocortex. The most prominent collective pattern of hippocampal neurons is theta ... More


Computational Models of the Spatial and Mnemonic Functions of the Hippocampus

Burgess Neil

in The Hippocampus Book

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195100273
eISBN:
9780199864133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100273.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

The use of computational models has been invaluable for exploring the link between neurons and behavior, enabling hypothetical mechanisms to be defined precisely and examined quantitatively. This ... More


Memory Retrieval and Executive Control Processes

Arthur P. Shimamura

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter shows that episodic retrieval and source recollection are associated with frontal lobe function. The role of the prefrontal cortex in such retrieval tasks appears to be related to ... More


Joint Reminiscing as Joint Attention to the Past

Christoph Hoerl and Teresa McCormack

in Joint Attention: Communication and Other Minds: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199245635
eISBN:
9780191715303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245635.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The activity of joint reminiscing can be seen as involving a particular form of joint attention: joint attention to the past. This chapter examines the developmental role episodes of joint ... More


 The Hippocampus and Context Revisited

Lynn Nadel

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Despite the early consensus that the functions of the hippocampus were somehow related to context, there was little systematic empirical work exploring this idea until the 1990s. More recently, ... More


Episodic memory and common sense: how far apart?

Endel Tulving

in Episodic Memory: New Directions in Research

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508809
eISBN:
9780191687396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508809.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Much of science begins as an exploration of common sense, and much of science, if successful, ends if not in rejecting it then at least going far beyond it. The science of memory, although still in ... More


LIFE STORIES

Dan P. McAdams

in The Redemptive Self: Stories Americans Live By

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176933
eISBN:
9780199786787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176933.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter begins with an account of the life of Bob Love, a professional basketball star from the early 1970s who struggled for years with a debilitating speech impediment only to emerge, in his ... More


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