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Public Health Workforce Needs for Surveillance

Denise Koo and Herman Tolentino

in Principles & Practice of Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195372922
eISBN:
9780199866090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372922.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes the current and future needs for the public health workforce in order for us to continue to do effective public health surveillance outlined in the preceding chapters. It ... More


Field Epidemiology Defined

Richard A. Goodman and James W. Buehler

in Field Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195313802
eISBN:
9780199863952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313802.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the practice of field epidemiology. Topics covered include determinants for field investigations, unique challenges to epidemiologists in field investigations, and standards ... More


Increasing the Contribution of Epidemiology to the Primary Prevention of Cancer

BEVERLY ROCKHILL and DOUGLAS WEED

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0068
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapters aims to stimulate critical and creative thought about the role that epidemiology can, and should, play in preventing cancer. It presents four suggestions for increasing the contribution ... More


Communicating Epidemiologic Information

Patrick L. Remington and David Nelson

in Applied Epidemiology: Theory to practice

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195187410
eISBN:
9780199864997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187410.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter proposes a framework for epidemiologists to communicate information to nonscientists. It addresses several leading strategies used to communicate epidemiologic information to improve the ... More


Epidemiology in war and disasters

Haroutune K. Armenian

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a review of important landmarks and innovations that have marked the use of epidemiology in disasters over the past fifty years. It presents some examples of projects that ... More


Epidemiologic Practices in Low-Income Countries

Stanley O. Foster

in Field Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195313802
eISBN:
9780199863952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313802.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter covers three broad areas of consideration: (1) factors that are influencing the practice of epidemiology in low-income countries; (2) examples of how some countries have used field ... More


Terrorism Preparedness and Emergency Response for the Field Epidemiologist

Daniel M. Sosin and Richard E. Besser

in Field Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195313802
eISBN:
9780199863952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313802.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter attempts to prepare epidemiologists for their role in terrorism preparedness and the associated activities of emergency response. It covers an all-hazards approach to preparedness and ... More


Sources of Data on Disease Occurrence

Thomas D. Koepsell and Noel S. Weiss

in Epidemiologic Methods: Studying the Occurrence of Illness

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150780
eISBN:
9780199865161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150780.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Epidemiologists are often data scavengers. Using pre-existing data can allow a study to be done more cheaply, more quickly, and often on a larger scale than if new data collection were required. This ... More


Vital Statistics: William Farr and the Creation of a System

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on William Farr. In the latter half of the 19th century, both the concept of environment and the numerical approach to the understanding of related public health problems were ... More


Researching health inequalities

Sheena Asthana and Joyce Halliday

in What works in tackling health inequalities?: Pathways, policies and practice through the lifecourse

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346742
eISBN:
9781447304258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346742.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines the research on health inequalities in Great Britain. It explains that the Black Report had a limited impact on policy making during the 1980s and much of the 1990s but it ... More


Risk

Michael B. Bracken

in Risk, Chance, and Causation: Investigating the Origins and Treatment of Disease

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300188844
eISBN:
9780300189551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300188844.003.0003
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter focuses on the relationship of risk with natural selection; risk has helped humans evolve. The common notion about risk is that it is absolute; this chapter, however, argues that it is ... More


Disciplining Difference: A Selective Contemporary History of Cardiovascular Epidemiology

Janet K. Shim

in Heart-Sick: The Politics of Risk, Inequality, and Heart Disease

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814786833
eISBN:
9781479866748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814786833.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the contemporary social and historical development of cardiovascular epidemiology. Given that epidemiology is at a historic moment in its development—social and genetic ... More


The Dichotomy of Gender

Janet K. Shim

in Heart-Sick: The Politics of Risk, Inequality, and Heart Disease

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814786833
eISBN:
9781479866748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814786833.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter provides two ways in which gender had been be dichotomized by epidemiologists and people with heart disease. First, both of them do not question that gender and sex are binary in nature. ... More


Individualizing “Difference” and the Production of Scientific Credibility

Janet K. Shim

in Heart-Sick: The Politics of Risk, Inequality, and Heart Disease

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814786833
eISBN:
9781479866748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814786833.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the epidemiologists' ritualized and ubiquitous practice of individualizing social differences. Epidemiologists apply the process of epidemiologic individualization or the ... More


Ethics and Epidemiology

Steven S. Coughlin and Angus Dawson (eds)

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197587058
eISBN:
9780197587089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197587058.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This book will be of interest to public health professionals from various public health disciplines, bioethicists, legal scholars, and members of nonprofit organizations, government agencies, and ... More


Public Health Surveillance and the Opioid Crisis

Jeffrey P. Engel, Valerie N. Goodson, Megan Toe, and Michael Landen

in A Public Health Guide to Ending the Opioid Epidemic

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190056810
eISBN:
9780190056841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190056810.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The roles for public health surveillance are well established in the infectious disease surveillance literature; however, as they relate to noninfectious diseases and more specifically the current ... More


Understanding the Ethics of Risk as Used in Epidemiology

Diego S. Silva

in Ethics and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197587058
eISBN:
9780197587089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197587058.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter analyzes the concept of risk that is central to epidemiology, since the study of disease or health of populations necessarily requires assessing and determining the probability of the ... More


Risk and Precaution: The Ethical Challenges of Translating Epidemiology into Action

Stephen D. John

in Ethics and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197587058
eISBN:
9780197587089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197587058.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter develops schematic remarks on different aspects of the ethics of risk. First, it outlines some problems in the ethics of chance, paying particular attention to the prevention paradox. It ... More


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