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Alzheimer Genes: Biomarkers of Prediction and Prevention

Margaret Lock

in The Alzheimer Conundrum: Entanglements of Dementia and Aging

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149783
eISBN:
9781400848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149783.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter introduces Alzheimer genetics, including an account of the genes associated with rare, familial, early-onset Alzheimer disease (AD). Discussion is included about why such patients are ... More


Cardiovascular disease epidemiology

Henry Blackburn

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter traces the development of the epidemiology of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Formal epidemiological research in cardiovascular diseases took several forms, beginning in 1948. The ... More


Epidemiological methods: a view from the East Mediterranean

Mohamed H. Wahdan, Ahmed Mandil, and Mohamed H. Wahdan

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0028
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents an account of obstacles to epidemiology and the difficulty of coping with disease outbreaks with political implications. It illustrates that epidemiology needs an official ‘code ... More


Poland: I: Development of the epidemiology of non-communicable diseases in PolandII: Epidemiology, prevention, and control of infectious diseases in Poland in the twentieth century

Wieslaw Magdzik, Miroslaw J. Wysocki, and Jan E. Zejda

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0034
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter traces the development of epidemiology in Poland. It demonstrates the improvement in health in Poland (and Eastern Europe) due to the control of communicable disease and shows that in ... More


Registries and medical databases

Henrik Toft Sørensen and John A. Baron

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239481
eISBN:
9780191716973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239481.003.027
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The cost, complexity, and risk of selection bias often associated with primary data collection has led to the use of disease registries and databases as an alternative data source for studies of many ... More


The development of epidemiology: Spain

Francisco Bolúmar

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0037
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter traces the development of epidemiology in Spain, with special emphasis on the period from the mid-1970s to the present. After a brief historical introduction, it presents the major ... More


Theoretical developments

Olli S. Miettinen

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on theoretical developments in epidemiology. There have been enormous strides in the statistical methods used in epidemiology. To some extent, concerns about experimental design ... More


The epidemiological study of mental disorders since the beginning of the twentieth century

Rebecca Fuhrer and Lee Robins

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter traces the development of the epidemiology of mental disorders. Topics discussed include early epidemiology from 1901–60, improving diagnosis and counting the prevalence of a broad ... More


The Institutional Review Board

Robert J. Levine

in Ethics and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195322934
eISBN:
9780199864416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322934.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the committees responsible for reviewing proposals to conduct research involving humans as subjects to determine whether they include adequate safeguards of the rights and ... More


Epidemiology and Informed Consent

Jeffrey P. Kahn and Anna C. Mastroianni

in Ethics and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195322934
eISBN:
9780199864416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322934.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Informed consent is a central concept and practice in the protection of both patients receiving clinical care and individuals participating in research. What began as a commitment to ethical ... More


History of modern epidemiology: Italy

Rodolfo Saracci, Benedetto Terracini, and Franco Merletti

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0036
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter traces the development of epidemiology in Italy. Starting with the strong basis of genetics and the social movement of the 1960s, epidemiology began to gain a foothold in academic ... More


Field studies in developing countries

Japhet Killewo and Anita Sandström

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239481
eISBN:
9780191716973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239481.003.026
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a teaching approach targeted at both undergraduates and postgraduates in public health-related fields, or clinical epidemiology in which part of their training involves field ... More


Epidemiological concepts pre-1950 and their relation to work in the second half of the century

Rodolfo Saracci

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the emergence of the epidemiology of non-communicable diseases. It then discusses methodological developments, differential developments between old and new ... More


Ethical Issues in International Health Research and Epidemiology

John D. H. Porter, Carolyn Stephens, and Anthony Kessel

in Ethics and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195322934
eISBN:
9780199864416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322934.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores the ethical issues that arise in the course of undertaking epidemiological and international health research, focusing on ethical issues that the researcher inevitably has to ... More


Perinatal epidemiology

Claude Rumeau-Rouquette and Gérard Bréart

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter traces the development of perinatal epidemiology. It illustrates the development of knowledge and the contribution that good epidemiology can make to improvement in maternal and child ... More


Epidemiology in war and disasters

Haroutune K. Armenian

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a review of important landmarks and innovations that have marked the use of epidemiology in disasters over the past fifty years. It presents some examples of projects that ... More


The development of epidemiology: the United States of America

Warren Winkelstein Jr and Elizabeth Barrett-Connor

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0033
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the development of epidemiology in North America. It suggests that one of the most important reasons for the growth in funding of epidemiology in the USA after the Second World ... More


Introduction

Walter W. Holland, Charles Florey, and Jørn Olsen

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief description of the purpose of the book, which is to illustrate how the subject of epidemiology has developed in the past fifty years by providing ... More


Environmental epidemiology: a historical perspective

B. Terracini

in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area Studies

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622358
eISBN:
9780191723636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622358.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the development of environmental epidemiology. The current trend is towards progressively larger hypothesis-based studies to increase statistical power and the sensitivity to ... More


Ethical protection in research: including children in the debate

Trudy Goodenough, Emma Williamson, Julie Kent, and Richard Ashcroft

in Researchers and their 'subjects': Ethics, power, knowledge and consent

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861345141
eISBN:
9781447303220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861345141.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter discusses participants' views of ethical protection in longitudinal epidemiological genetic research. The data used in this chapter was collected as part of the ‘Ethical Protection in ... More


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