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Risk and Variation

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter examines the factors that affect the risk of exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and the risk of developing tuberculosis. Exposure to infection depends on a wide range of ... More


Microbial community ecology of tick-borne human pathogens

Clay Keith, Clay Fuqua, Curt Lively, and Michael J. Wade

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The prevalence of human pathogens may be determined in part by microbial interactions within vectors. Ticks represent the primary source of vector-borne infections disease in the United States and ... More


Disease dynamics in plant communities

Charles E. Mitchell and Allson G. Power

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The prevalence of human pathogens may be determined in part by microbial interactions within vectors. Ticks represent the primary source of vector-borne infections disease in the United States and ... More


Basic Concepts and Procedures

J. H. Abramson and Z. H. Abramson

in Making Sense of Data: A Self-Instruction Manual on the Interpretation of Epidemiological Data

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195145250
eISBN:
9780199864775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145250.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The exercises in this section have three main purposes. First, they introduce a basic approach to the appraisal of data presented in a table or diagram—the basic questions to be asked, and the ... More


The basic reproduction number

Odo Diekmann, Hans Heesterbeek, and Tom Britton

in Mathematical Tools for Understanding Infectious Disease Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155395
eISBN:
9781400845620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155395.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The basic reproduction number (or ratio) R₀ is arguably the most important quantity in infectious disease epidemiology. It is among the quantities most urgently estimated for infectious diseases in ... More


Incorporating Vector Ecology and Life History into Disease Transmission Models: Insights from Tsetse (Glossina spp.)

Sinead English, Antoine M.G. Barreaux, Michael B. Bonsall, John W. Hargrove, Matt J. Keeling, Kat S. Rock, and Glyn A. Vale

in Population Biology of Vector-Borne Diseases

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198853244
eISBN:
9780191887710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853244.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Ecology

Accurate models are crucial for predicting the spread of vector-borne diseases, and for developing appropriate control policies. Simple models often ignore finer details of vector biology, commonly ... More


Hosts

David L. Strayer

in Freshwater Mussel Ecology: A Multifactor Approach to Distribution and Abundance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255265
eISBN:
9780520942523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255265.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The larvae of most unionoids are parasitic on fish, so it is reasonable to suspect that the distribution and abundance of host fish might be an important factor in limiting unionoid populations. This ... More


Scientific Challenges to Engaging Political Sociology and Social Epidemiology

Jason Beckfield

in Political Sociology and the People's Health

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190492472
eISBN:
9780190492502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190492472.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Social epidemiology demonstrates clearly that social structure has profound consequences for the distribution of health, illness, and death, but it remains the case that political-sociological ... More


The Nature of Host–Pathogen Interactions

Jennifer C. Owen, James S. Adelman, and Amberleigh E. Henschen

in Infectious Disease Ecology of Wild Birds

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198746249
eISBN:
9780191808852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746249.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Ornithology

The dynamics of infectious disease are driven by the fundamental processes that mediate host–pathogen interactions. A basic understanding of the mechanisms underlying these interactions is essential ... More


Infectious Disease Ecology of Wild Birds

Jennifer C. Owen, Dana M. Hawley, and Kathryn P. Huyvaert (eds)

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198746249
eISBN:
9780191808852
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746249.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Ornithology

Disease ecology is an interdisciplinary field that recognizes that the host–parasite interaction is shaped by the environment and can affect and be affected by the processes that occur across all ... More


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