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The Cost of War: Mortality and Population Loss

John Landers

in The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279579
eISBN:
9780191719448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.003.0014
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

War imposed economic costs through the destruction of resources and their diversion to non-productive ends, and demographic costs in the form of relative or absolute population losses due to forced ... More


The Cristo Comes to Life: Lived Religion in Colonial Mexico City

Jennifer Scheper Hughes

in Biography of a Mexican Crucifix: Lived Religion and Local Faith from the Conquest to the Present

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195367065
eISBN:
9780199867370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367065.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

In 1583 the Augustinian order moved the Cristo Aparecido to Mexico City where the image quickly became part of the religious life of urban, baroque Mexico. The belief among the friars and indigenous ... More


Conducting a Field Investigation

Michael B. Gregg

in Field Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195313802
eISBN:
9780199863952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313802.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explains how to perform an epidemiologic field investigation. It focuses on a presumed point source (common source) epidemic, recognized and reported by local health authorities to a ... More


Introduction

Anne Hardy

in The Epidemic Streets: Infectious Diseases and the Rise of Preventive Medicine 1856–1900

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203773
eISBN:
9780191675966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203773.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The epidemic streets haunted nineteenth-century Britain. From them, the Victorians feared, epidemic diseases would escape to ravage the rest of society. The contributions of epidemiology, and of the ... More


Public Health

Elaine G. Breslaw

in Lotions, Potions, Pills, and Magic: Health Care in Early America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814787175
eISBN:
9780814739389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814787175.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the state of public health in early America. It first considers Dr. John H. Griscom's belief that cleanliness would be a means to elevate the moral sensibilities of the poor and ... More


Introduction

CHRISTOPHER MORASH

in Writing the Irish Famine

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198182795
eISBN:
9780191673887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198182795.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

How was the Great Irish Famine represented in 19th-century literature? The question is less simple than it might appear, for the more we look for a stable historical reality against which to compare ... More


Concentrated Humanity: The Management and Anatomy of Colonial Camps, c. 1900

Aidan Forth

in Barbed-Wire Imperialism: Britain's Empire of Camps, 1876-1903

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520293960
eISBN:
9780520967267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293960.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Plague and famine camps emerged from different contingencies, but they presented similar problems in disciplining large concentrations of unruly and unhygienic colonial subjects. This chapter ... More


International Health

Barry S. Levy and Victor W. Sidel

in Social Injustice and Public Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195171853
eISBN:
9780199865352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171853.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The chapter describes how social injustice leads to profoundly increased rates of illness and premature death in developing countries and discusses both internal factors, such as poverty, ... More


Repercussions of Global Change

Jamie K. Reaser and Blaustein Andrew

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Amphibians warrant substantial conservation attention. They are considered valuable indicators of environmental quality, and they have multiple functional roles in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. ... More


“Only Matched in Times of Famine and Plague”: Life and Death in the Concentration Camps

Aidan Forth

in Barbed-Wire Imperialism: Britain's Empire of Camps, 1876-1903

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520293960
eISBN:
9780520967267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293960.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines inmate life inside the Anglo-Boer War concentration camps. Native African refugees were segregated into a system of labor camps while British officials developed a form of ... More


[] The Plague and the Word

Ernest B. Gilman

in Plague Writing in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226294094
eISBN:
9780226294117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226294117.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter contends that, in the English Reformation, the infliction of plague is to be understood fundamentally as a language event foreshadowed by, and issuing from, the Word—an event, therefore, ... More


Searching for a role for genomics in the right to health

Lisa Eckstein

in Advancing the Human Right to Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199661619
eISBN:
9780191765056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661619.003.0027
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter takes an optimistic view of the future role of genomic technology in the right to health. It first discusses the early expectations of genomic technologies for advancing health outcomes, ... More


Social History, 1540–1642 Rich and Poor Move Further Apart

Glanmor Williams

in Renewal and Reformation: Wales c.1415-1642

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192852779
eISBN:
9780191670558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192852779.003.0017
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Population in Wales grew substantially during this period. A number of Welsh towns seem to have benefited disproportionately from the growth in population due to freedom from plague and other ... More


Commodities and Resources During the Conquest Period

in The Economic Aspects of Spanish Imperialism in America, 1492–1810

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853235521
eISBN:
9781846313011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846313011.003
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

The ‘Columbian exchange’ – the transfer of plants, animals, seeds, and diseases between Europe and America after 1492 – had profound social, biological, and ecological consequences for both ... More


“Such Confusion As I Never Dreamt”: Indigenous Reasonings in an Unreasonable City, 1766–1785

Coll Thrush

in Indigenous London: Native Travelers at the Heart of Empire

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300206302
eISBN:
9780300224863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300206302.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores how the the combination of animal domestication and widespread urbanization across Europe, Asia, and Africa had led to the development of epidemic diseases against which ... More


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