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Community dynamics

Russell Lande, Steinar Engen, and Bernt-Erik SÆther

in Stochastic Population Dynamics in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525257
eISBN:
9780191584930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525257.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Most of conservation biology deals with one species at a time. However, increasing attention is being devoted to the conservation and restoration of landscapes, communities and ecosystems, and how ... More


Stochastic Population Dynamics in Ecology and Conservation

Russell Lande, Steinar Engen, and Bernt-Erik Saether

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525257
eISBN:
9780191584930
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525257.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

All populations fluctuate stochastically, creating a risk of extinction that does not exist in deterministic models, with fundamental consequences for both pure and applied ecology. This book ... More


Ecological hypercycles—covering a planet with life

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Ecological hypercycles are auto-catalytic processes by which different organisms (or guilds) improve each others environments. For example, autotrophs producing material of use to decomposers and the ... More


Thermal Acclimation

Michael J. Angilletta

in Thermal Adaptation: A Theoretical and Empirical Synthesis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198570875
eISBN:
9780191718748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570875.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Many organisms adjust their thermal sensitivities in response to environmental conditions. This form of phenotypic plasticity, referred to as acclimation, involves potentially reversible changes in ... More


Exponential growth of unstructured populations

Liz Pásztor, Zoltán Botta-Dukát, Gabriella Magyar, Tamás Czárán, and Géza Meszéna

in Theory-Based Ecology: A Darwinian approach

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199577859
eISBN:
9780191823787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577859.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The number of reproductive units is expected to grow exponentially in the absence of regulating feedbacks. The lack of feedbacks is a definitive assumption of any model predicting exponential growth, ... More


Dispersal and eco-evolutionary dynamics in the Glanville fritillary butterfly

Ilkka Hanski

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on the study of dispersal in butterfly populations, in particular the Glanville fritillary butterfly. Many of the processes that influence, and are influenced by, dispersal in ... More


Dynamics: Density‐ and Frequency‐Dependent Changes in Trait Distributions

Douglas W. Morris and Per Lundberg

in Pillars of Evolution: Fundamental principles of the eco-evolutionary process

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198568797
eISBN:
9780191774690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568797.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Although we must understand the mechanical nuts and bolts of inheritance, evolution occurs through changes in the population frequencies of traits, trait values, and genes in time and space, values ... More


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