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The Fear of Determinism

Steven Pinker

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter confronts several fears that determinism engenders, such as the fear that deep down we are not in control of our own choices, and the fear that determinism makes it impossible to hold ... More


Academic and Popular Geography: Global Connections, Environmentalist Style

Rebecca Walsh

in The Geopoetics of Modernism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780813060514
eISBN:
9780813050683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060514.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter charts the shift from the cosmological geography of mid- to late nineteenth century geographers Alexander von Humboldt and Mary Somerville to the rise of environmental determinism in the ... More


Introduction: Geographical Encounters, Modernist Geopoetics

Rebecca Walsh

in The Geopoetics of Modernism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780813060514
eISBN:
9780813050683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060514.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter makes the case for the interplay between modernist poetry and academic and popular geography from the late nineteenth century to the early 1940s. It develops the term geopoetics to ... More


The Geopoetics of Modernism

Rebecca Walsh

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780813060514
eISBN:
9780813050683
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060514.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This book examines the intersections between literary modernism and historical forms of geographical thinking from the late nineteenth century to the late 1940s. The central argument is that the ... More


African Diasporic Re-Placing: Race and Environment in the Poetry of Helene Johnson and Langston Hughes

Rebecca Walsh

in The Geopoetics of Modernism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780813060514
eISBN:
9780813050683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060514.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter focuses on twentieth-century African American writers who contended with the rise of environmental determinism and its implicit authorizing of colonialism and racism. This paradigm ... More


H.D.’s Trilogy as Transnational Palimpsest

Rebecca Walsh

in The Geopoetics of Modernism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780813060514
eISBN:
9780813050683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060514.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter focuses on the strategic use of environmental determinism in H.D.’S World War II epic Trilogy. This academic paradigm and geographical discourse gives H.D., an American expatriate, the ... More


* Amazonia: The Historical Ecology of a Domesticated Landscape

Clark L. Erickson

in The Social Lives of Forests: Past, Present, and Future of Woodland Resurgence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226322667
eISBN:
9780226024134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226024134.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Traditional models assume that Amazonian societies did not develop into “civilizations” solely because of deterministic environmental limitations. Historical ecology, in contrast, sees landscape as a ... More


Conclusion

Rebecca Walsh

in The Geopoetics of Modernism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780813060514
eISBN:
9780813050683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060514.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

The conclusion considers the implications of the geopoetic method laid out in the book that seeks to historicize the spatial strategies of literary texts—even experimental poetic ones—in the context ... More


Undisclosed Origins and Homelands

Thomas Hefter

in The Reader in al-Jāḥiẓ: The Epistolary Rhetoric of an Arabic Prose Master

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780748692743
eISBN:
9781474400961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748692743.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter is a discussion of several of al-Jāḥiẓ’s writings on various ethnicities and homelands and the contentious debates that often arose concerning their respective merits. It begins with a ... More


The Discourse of Ethnicity

Andrew Chittick

in The Jiankang Empire in Chinese and World History

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190937546
eISBN:
9780190937577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190937546.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

Chapter 2, “The Discourse of Ethnicity,” identifies environmental determinism as the primary discourse in early medieval East Asia within which cultural differences were discussed and evaluated. ... More


Environmental Politics in the Middle East

Harry Verhoeven (ed.)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190916688
eISBN:
9780190942984
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190916688.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This book investigates how ecology and politics meet in the Middle East and how those interactions connect to the global political economy. Through region-wide analyses and case studies from the ... More


Climate Change Archaeology: Background, Building Blocks, and Concepts

Robert Van de Noort

in Climate Change Archaeology: Building Resilience from Research in the World's Coastal Wetlands

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199699551
eISBN:
9780191804915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199699551.003.0002
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter explains the concept of climate change archaeology. It includes a short history of the way in which archaeologists have understood climate change over the last 150 years, and considers ... More


The Natural Environment

Paul Stock

in Europe and the British Geographical Imagination, 1760-1830

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198807117
eISBN:
9780191844867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807117.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Ideas

Chapter 4 shows that late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century geography books frequently posit a causal relationship between environmental conditions and social development. Europe’s beneficial ... More


Studying Nature in the Antebellum Novel

Timothy Sweet

in The Oxford History of the Novel in English: Volume 5: The American Novel to 1870

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195385359
eISBN:
9780190252786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195385359.003.0029
Subject:
Literature, American, 18th Century and Early American Literature

This chapter examines the American novel’s preoccupation with nature during the antebellum period. More specifically, it explores the themes addressed by the novel to tackle the human-nature ... More


(Trans) Nation, Geography, and Genius: Gertrude Stein’s Geographical History of America

Rebecca Walsh

in The Geopoetics of Modernism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780813060514
eISBN:
9780813050683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060514.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter traces the engagements of Gertrude Stein’s multi-generic text The Geographical History of America with the genre of the geographical history associated with Ellen Churchill Semple. The ... More


Diversifying Method: Kant’s Janus-Faced Conception of the Human Being

Anik Waldow

in Experience Embodied: Early Modern Accounts of the Human Place in Nature

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190086114
eISBN:
9780190086145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190086114.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

By investigating Kant’s anthropology, this chapter presents him as a thinker who was firmly committed to a conception of the human being as shaped by its situatedness in the empirical world of ... More


The Global Nexus of Drug Cultivation

Joseph J. Hobbs

in Dangerous Harvest: Drug Plants and the Transformation of Indigenous Landscapes

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195143201
eISBN:
9780197561805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195143201.003.0021
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

It is a pleasure to write the closing chapter for this volume. My tasks are to present some common themes in these diverse studies, point out the unique features, and reflect on our roles as ... More


Human Difference

Paul Stock

in Europe and the British Geographical Imagination, 1760-1830

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198807117
eISBN:
9780191844867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807117.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Ideas

Chapter 5 explains how debates about human origins and distinctiveness inform ideas about Europe. Late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century geography books often argue that the natural ... More


The Basic Framework: Nature and Nurture, Risks and Gains

Jennifer Hochschild

in Genomic Politics: How the Revolution in Genomic Science Is Shaping American Society

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197550731
eISBN:
9780197550762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197550731.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 2 presents the theoretical framework for the book: a 2 × 2 typology that can help us understand the controversies surrounding genomics. The vertical dimension ranges from a perception that ... More


Hope and Rejection

Jennifer Hochschild

in Genomic Politics: How the Revolution in Genomic Science Is Shaping American Society

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197550731
eISBN:
9780197550762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197550731.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 5 examines the remaining two cells in the basic framework: “Hope,” about developing social programs separate from genetic influence, and “Rejection,” emphasizing the hubris of both genetic ... More


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