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A Matter of Condition: The Effects of Environment on Plumage Coloration

Geoffrey E. Hill

in A Red Bird in a Brown Bag: The Function and Evolution of Colorful Plumage in the House Finch

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195148480
eISBN:
9780199893683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148480.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers the effects of environmental conditions during molting on the coloration of red plumage in male House Finches. It shows that access to carotenoid pigments during molting have a ... More


Automatic Associations: Personal Attitudes or Cultural Knowledge?

Eric Luis Uhlmann, T. Andrew Poehlman, and Brian A. Nosek

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

People have automatic associations with a myriad of targets, from political figures to ethnic minorities. Automatic associations may constitute implicit attitudes that are related to, but distinct ... More


Specific Firm Challenges, 1979–83

Maureen D. McKelvey

in Evolutionary Innovations: The Business of Biotechnology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297246
eISBN:
9780191685316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297246.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Knowledge Management

This chapter examines the technical and economic challenges and opportunities which firms acted upon to integrate genetic engineering techniques into functioning production systems. These challenges ... More


Phenological Advance, Stasis, and Delay

Eric Post

in Time in Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182353
eISBN:
9780691185491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182353.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter begins by distinguishing phenology from seasonality. Phenology is defined as the study of the occurrence of phenomena in relation to time. In contrast, seasonality refers to temporal ... More


Urban Poverty and the Environment: Social Capital and State-Community Synergy in Seoul and Bangkok

Mike Douglass, Orathai Ard-Am, and Ik Ki Kim

in Livable Cities?: Urban Struggles for Livelihood and Sustainability

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520230248
eISBN:
9780520935976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520230248.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter contrasts the strategies used to improve environmental conditions in two low-income communities in two different urban contexts: the Wolgoksa-dong squatter community in Seoul, Korea, and ... More


Coyotes: Coyotes in Yellowstone National Park: the influence of dominance on foraging, territoriality, and fitness

Eric M. Gese

in The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515562
eISBN:
9780191705632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The coyote population at Yellowstone National Park (YNP), Wyoming, has not been subject to human persecution for several decades allowing for direct observation of their behaviour, interactions among ... More


The Politics of Environmental Action

Nicholas S. Hopkins, Sohair R. Mehanna, and Salah El-Haggar

in People and Pollution: Cultural Constructions and Social Action in Egypt

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789774245725
eISBN:
9781617970962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774245725.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter is devoted to identifying the forms of action that people in the sample areas considered or undertook to improve their environmental conditions. Since many people felt that the most ... More


Eliciting Stimuli

JOHN W. RENFREW

in Aggression and Its Causes: A Biopsychosocial Approach

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082302
eISBN:
9780199846894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082302.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines environmental conditions and stimuli that naturally produce or facilitate aggression. The findings reveal that the stimulus classes that have the most influence on aggressive ... More


What Can Neuroeconomics Tell Us About Economics (and Vice Versa)?

Mark Dean

in Comparative Decision Making

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199856800
eISBN:
9780199301508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856800.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter evaluates the progress and impact of neuroeconomics, showing how models and data can be linked to provide mechanistic insights into a classical decision-making field. The focus is on the ... More


Managing neighbourhood conditions and services

Katharine Mumford and Anne Power

in East Enders: Family and community in East London

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861344960
eISBN:
9781447302179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861344960.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter studies the management of neighbourhood conditions and services. Based on the data gathered through interviews, it is determined that the parents are more worried about bringing up their ... More


A Contextualist Epistemology for Ecological Research

G. Kelly James

in Becoming Ecological: An Expedition Into Community Psychology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195173796
eISBN:
9780199847631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173796.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter argues for an Ecological approach to community psychology. The guiding force of the Ecological approach is in its commitment to Contextualism. Contextualism is the epistemological theory ... More


Introduction

Patrick Major

in The Death of the KPD: Communism and Anti-Communism in West Germany, 1945-1956

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206934
eISBN:
9780191677397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206934.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about the history of the Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands (KPD) in West Germany. ... More


What is parental care?

Per T. Smiseth, Mathias Kölliker, and Nick J. Royle

in The Evolution of Parental Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199692576
eISBN:
9780191774737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692576.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter begins by providing a brief overview of the tremendous diversity among species and higher taxa in the basic forms of care that parents provide to their offspring. It discusses five key ... More


Numeracy in Epidemiology

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a historical background on the application for population counts in epidemiology. In 1662, the London haberdasher John Graunt (1620–1674) published a slender book that was to be ... More


Plant dispersal phenotypes: a seed perspective of maternal habitat selection

Rafael Rubio de Casas, Charles G. Willis, and Kathleen Donohue

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses how interactions between maternally determined dispersal traits and environmental conditions influence the ecology and evolution of dispersal in plants. It shows how fitness is ... More


Reproduction and Sexuality in Marine Fishes: Patterns and Processes

Kathleen Cole (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520264335
eISBN:
9780520947979
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520264335.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Marine fishes represent astonishing diversity with respect to practically every aspect of their biology. Reproductive modes and sexual patterns are especially fascinating and provide deep insight ... More


Measuring Pollution

Nicholas S. Hopkins, Sohair R. Mehanna, and Salah El-Haggar

in People and Pollution: Cultural Constructions and Social Action in Egypt

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789774245725
eISBN:
9781617970962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774245725.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

In presenting the results of the measurements of air and water quality and of noise levels in the four research localities (all Kafr al-Elow, Dar al-Salam, Sayyida Zeinab, and Abkhas), the goal of ... More


Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Theodore (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Experimental approaches to evolution provide indisputable evidence of evolution by directly observing the process at work. Experimental evolution deliberately duplicates evolutionary ... More


Understanding and Reducing Social Stereotyping and Prejudice Among Children

Rebecca S. Bigler

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0060
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter outlines tsome experimental research the roles of environmental and organismic factors in the formation of children's in-group biases. The main findings are that: children are ... More


Height

Brian A’Hearn

in Measuring Wellbeing: A History of Italian Living Standards

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199944590
eISBN:
9780190218850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944590.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

A 13-year-old today is some 25 centimeters taller than a working-class boy of the 1870s. The increasing stature of Italians neatly summarizes a whole range of improvements in children’s living ... More


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