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Resources, Environmental Degradation, and Inequality

Michael Redclift and Colin Sage

in Inequality, Globalization, and World Politics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295662
eISBN:
9780191599521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295669.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Identifies four critical dimensions of inequality that are relevant to any consideration of environment and resource degradation: first, the unequal distribution of historical responsibilities for ... More


Environmental Catastrophe

Robert Wuthnow

in Be Very Afraid: The Cultural Response to Terror, Pandemics, Environmental Devastation, Nuclear Annihilation, and Other Threats

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730872
eISBN:
9780199777389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730872.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on the cultural response to environmental devastation. The debate about environmental devastation in the months preceding 9/11 were both the latest in a quarter century of ... More


Introduction: The Quest for Environmental Sustainability: The Coevolution of Science, Public Awareness, and Policy

Lee M. Talbot

in Foundations of Environmental Sustainability: The Coevolution of Science and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195309454
eISBN:
9780199871261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the human role in changing the Earth's environment. It then reviews awareness and responses to environmental change from the 1700s to the ... More


Introduction

Robin M. Leichenko and Karen L. O'Brien

in Environmental Change and Globalization: Double Exposures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195177329
eISBN:
9780199869800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177329.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This introductory chapter defines processes of global environmental change and globalization. It shows that although both processes have been going on for centuries, the speed, scale, and spatial ... More


New Realities and Counterintuitive Worlds:: Accomplishments and Concerns

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Technical advances based on unprecedented levels of energy use brought a new phenomenon of mass consumption as well as many obvious gains in the typical quality of life. However, they have not ... More


High-latitude paleolimnology

Dominic A. Hodgson and John P. Smol

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes the role that paleolimnological studies have played in reconstructing the geomorphological origin and development of high latitude lakes. A description is provided on how both ... More


Managing Financial Risks in Urban Environments

Samuel Randalls

in Managing Financial Risks: From Global to Local

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199557431
eISBN:
9780191721687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557431.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Financial risks relating to the environment are frequently concentrated in cities, both in the source of risks and in the management of those risks. Urban areas are prone to a number of environmental ... More


Double Exposure: A Conceptual Framework

Robin M. Leichenko and Karen L. O'Brien

in Environmental Change and Globalization: Double Exposures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195177329
eISBN:
9780199869800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177329.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter presents a conceptual framework for investigating the interactions between global environmental change and globalization. The double exposure framework shows how the two processes are ... More


Geographers and environmental change

John B. Thornes

in A Century of British Geography

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262863
eISBN:
9780191734076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262863.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

Within geography, physical geography is concerned with the characteristics of the natural environment, the atmosphere, the lithosphere and the biosphere; how they influence human activities and how ... More


Demography's Ecological Frontier: Rethinking the ‘Nature’ of the Household and Community

Brian Greenberg and Margaret E. Greene

in Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

The global scale of anthropogenic environmental change now challenges demography to rethink its methodologies and tacit values to assess the ways that human populations determine the population ... More


Organizational Structure and Environmental Change

Thomas G. Cummings and Maria Nathan

in Trade Policy and Corporate Business Decisions

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195055382
eISBN:
9780199855056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195055382.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter describes the concept of organizational environment and then presents a model explaining how environments can influence the choice of organizational structures. From this background, ... More


Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Manuel Barange, John G. Field, Roger P. Harris, Eileen E. Hofmann, R. Ian Perry, and Francisco Werner (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Global environmental change, which includes climate change, biodiversity loss, changes in hydrological and biogeochemical cycles, and intensive exploitation of natural resources, is having ... More


Food-web theory provides guidelines for marine conservation

Enric Sala and George Sugihara

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Marine conservation priorities have been established mostly on the basis of species and habitat diversity, but little attention has been paid to food web diversity. Ecologists are aware of the ... More


The Green Tiger: The Costs of Ecological Decline in the Philippines

Barbara Goldoftas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195135114
eISBN:
9780199868216
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135114.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The Philippines was once famous for its reef-ringed islands, white beaches, and lush forests. In less than a half-century, these were degraded by deforestation, over-fishing, and destructive fishing. ... More


Beyond the Crabgrass Frontier

Andrew Needham

in Power Lines: Phoenix and the Making of the Modern Southwest

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139067
eISBN:
9781400852406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139067.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter provides an overview of postwar metropolitan development. The search for the natural resources required for metropolitan growth, and for spaces to discard the waste produced ... More


Bedouins by the Lake: Environment, Change, and Sustainability in Southern Egypt

Ahmed Belal and John Briggs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774161988
eISBN:
9781617970320
Item type:
book
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774161988.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Sustainable development and environmental change have become two of the watchwords of the new century. But what do they mean for ordinary people living in some of the harshest environments in the ... More


Introduction: oceans in the earth system

Manuel Barange, John G. Field, and Will Steffen

in Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

The world's ocean represents 70% of the earth's surface and contains 97% of the entire planet's water. It is a primary driver in the cycles of water and carbon and, through its huge capacity to store ... More


Environment and policy interventions to prevent obesity in children

Dianne S. Ward, Amy V. Ries, and Rachel Tabak

in Childhood Obesity Prevention: International Research, Controversies and Interventions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199572915
eISBN:
9780191595110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572915.003.0028
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter presents environmental and policy interventions which have demonstrated an impact on a measure of body weight or been successful in improving eating or physical activity behaviours among ... More


Hope At Sea: Possible Ecologies in Oceanic Literature

Teresa Shewry

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780816691579
eISBN:
9781452952390
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816691579.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

The Pacific Ocean has long inspired literary imaginings of promising worlds, including Thomas More’s Utopia and Francis Bacon’s New Atlantis. This book asks how literary writers imagine ocean futures ... More


Global Climate Change and Human Health

A. J. McMichael and G. Ranmuthugala

in Globalization and Health

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172997
eISBN:
9780199865659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172997.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the health impacts of global environmental change. Topics covered include relationship between globalization and global environmental change, impacts of climate change, ... More


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