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Philosophical Theories

Paul F. A. Bartha

in By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325539
eISBN:
9780199776313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses attempts by Aristotle, Hesse, Mill and others to deal with two problems: (1) finding criteria for evaluating analogical arguments, and (2) providing some form of philosophical ... More


Induction

John L. Pollock

in Nomic Probability and the Foundations of Induction

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195060133
eISBN:
9780197560129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195060133.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning

The objective of this book is to provide an analysis of nomic probability in terms of its conceptual role. This requires an account both of what inferences ... More


Scepticism about Inference to the Best Explanation

Ruth Weintraub

in Best Explanations: New Essays on Inference to the Best Explanation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198746904
eISBN:
9780191809125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746904.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Scepticism about inference to the best explanation is far less often discussed than scepticism about another ampliative form of inference, enumerative induction. Both of these inference forms are ... More


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