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Truthmakers

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The notion of a truthmaker is introduced, and the importance of the notion for metaphysics is stressed. Russell was a pioneer. All truth is a matter of correspondence of a proposition to reality, so ... More


The Rational Disciplines: Logic and Mathematics 1

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Logical and mathematical truths differ from the empirical sciences in being necessary; they can be discovered a priori and in general can be proved (contra Quine). How is this possible? This problem ... More


Three Problems of Experience

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The problem to be discussed is the logical problem of experience, which focuses on three inconsistent theses: there are experiential truths; if there are experiential truths, every truth is entailed ... More


Composition and Logic

Mark Schroeder

in Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534654
eISBN:
9780191715938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534654.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter shows that once we have accepted the solution to the negation problem from Chapter 4, this leads immediately to solutions to analogous problems about conjunction and disjunction, and in ... More


Frege and Models

Patricia A. Blanchette

in Frege’s Conception of Logic

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199891610
eISBN:
9780199933211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891610.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the question of how modern model-theoretic methods should be assessed from a Fregean point of view. It is argued that while the central features of mathematical theories, from ... More


 Problems of Causal Redundancy

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Causal redundancy arguments allege that all the causal work attributed to ordinary macroscopic objects is really performed (jointly) by their microscopic parts, making ordinary objects epiphenomenal. ... More


Thematic roles, event structure, and argument encoding in semantically aligned languages

Peter M. Arkadiev

in The Typology of Semantic Alignment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199238385
eISBN:
9780191716768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter surveys the semantic motivations of ‘split’ case marking of intransitive subjects in several genetically unrelated languages in terms of Dowty's proto-role entailments. It is argued that ... More


A preliminary case for conventional implicatures

Christopher Potts

in The Logic of Conventional Implicatures

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199273829
eISBN:
9780191706653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273829.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter begins with a brief history of the idea of conventional implicatures (CIs) and a close look at Grice’s original definition. It compares and contrasts CIs with conversational ... More


Memory: A Philosophical Study

Sven Bernecker

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577569
eISBN:
9780191722820
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577569.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book presents an analysis of the concept of propositional (or factual) memory, defends a version of the causal theory of memory, and examines a number of metaphysical and epistemological issues ... More


Semantics: What's Truth Got to Do With It?

Paul Horwich

in Truth -- Meaning -- Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199268900
eISBN:
9780191708459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268900.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter offers a critique of mainstream formal semantics. It begins with a statement of widely assumed adequacy conditions: namely, that a good semantic theory must (i) explain relations of ... More


The Authenticity of Memory

Sven Bernecker

in Memory: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577569
eISBN:
9780191722820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577569.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

For a present propositional attitude token to stand in a memory‐relation to a past propositional attitude token, the contents of both tokens need not be type‐identical but only sufficiently similar. ... More


Truthmaking

John Heil

in The Universe As We Find It

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596201
eISBN:
9780191741876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596201.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The significance and utility of the concept of truthmaking are discussed. The suggestion that truthmaking is entailment (truths entail truthmakers) is found wanting, as is the apparently innocent ... More


Logic

Alan Weir

in Truth Through Proof: A Formalist Foundation for Mathematics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199541492
eISBN:
9780191594915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541492.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Gappy semantics is used to model indeterminacy with ‘upwards falsity-preservation’ emphasized as much as downwards truth-preservation. This two-way idea is generalized to multiple premiss/multiple ... More


Logical Complexity and Semantic Normativity

Stephen J Barker

in Renewing Meaning: A Speech-Act Theoretic Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199263660
eISBN:
9780191601354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263663.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

I deal with the cognitive states expressed by de dicto logically complex sentences–those that are expressives, such as negations, disjunctions, universal noun phrase sentences, and adverbs of ... More


The Post-Gricean Theory of Presupposition

JAY DAVID ATLAS

in Logic, Meaning, and Conversation: Semantical Underdeterminacy, Implicature, and their Interface

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195133004
eISBN:
9780199850181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133004.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

While this chapter attempts to explain the construction of one kind of post-Gricean presupposition pragmatic theory, it also looks into the possible substantive problems that may be encountered ... More


The Logic of Language: Language From Within Volume II

Pieter A. M. Seuren

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559480
eISBN:
9780191721144
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559480.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The Logic of Language opens a new perspective on logic. Seuren first argues that the logic of language derives from the lexical meanings of the logical operators. These meanings, ... More


Lecture IV

J. L. Austin

in How To Do Things With Words: The William James Lectures delivered at Harvard University in 1955

Published in print:
1975
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245537
eISBN:
9780191680861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245537.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter considers another case of infelicity: insincerities and infractions or breaches. Here, the performance is not void, although it is still unhappy. The chapter considers one's feelings, ... More


Judgment Aggregation *

Christian List and Clemens Puppe

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The chapter surveys the recent and fast‐growing literature on the aggregation of logically interrelated propositions, following List and Pettit's formalization of the “doctrinal paradox”. The ... More


The Conceptual Link from Physical to Mental

Robert Kirk

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199669417
eISBN:
9780191748769
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669417.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Physicalism entails that truths expressed in non-physical terms are redescriptions of a world specifiable in narrowly physical terms. This book argues that physicalists must therefore hold that the ... More


The Dispositional-Categorical Distinction

Stephen Mumford

in Dispositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199259823
eISBN:
9780191698637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259823.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers the contrasts that are drawn between dispositions and occurrences, structures and categorical properties. The second section presents the first objection to the orthodox view ... More


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