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Addressing Disadvantage While Respecting People

Jonathan Wolff and Avner De-Shalit

in Disadvantage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Social policies designed to help people by securing a particular functioning might harm them by risking other functionings. One example is housing, where policies of slum clearance and rehousing, ... More


Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Most of their history human beings have lived in comparatively small and close‐knit societies, with a primitive technology that allowed them to affect only their most immediate environment. Their ... More


Reflections on Practice (Lessons and Recommendations)

Melvin Delgado

in Community Social Work Practice in an Urban Context: The Potential of a Capacity-Enhancement Perspective

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195125467
eISBN:
9780199864188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195125467.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter presents a synthesis of the lessons learned in undertaking urban-based community capacity-enhancement practice. The rewards, challenges, hopes, and despair that are often associated with ... More


Seat Allocation in Federal Second Chambers and the Assemblies of the European Union

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The number of seats in the European Parliament roughly equals the cube root of the population of the European Union. This theoretically based ‘cube root law of assembly sizes’ also fits most national ... More


Truly Human Enhancement: A Philosophical Defense of Limits

Nicholas Agar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262026635
eISBN:
9780262318976
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026635.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The transformative potential of genetic and cybernetic technologies to enhance human capabilities is most often either rejected on moral and prudential grounds or hailed as the future salvation of ... More


Limitations and potentials of hearing aids

Brian C. J. Moore

in Perceptual Consequences of Cochlear Damage

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523307
eISBN:
9780191712456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523307.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter describes the types of signal processing used in hearing aids to compensate for cochlear hearing loss. Topics covered include limitations of conventional hearing aids; general problems ... More


Introduction

Michael Brady and Alan K. Bowman

in Images and Artefacts of the Ancient World

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262962
eISBN:
9780191734533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262962.003.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

This book is a result of the joint research project on the image enhancement of ancient documents. It brings together researches and projects in such way techniques and results could be discussed in ... More


Digitising Cuneiform Tablets

Carlo Vandecasteele, Luc Van Gool, Karel Van Lerberghe, Johan Van Rompay, and Patrick Wambacq

in Images and Artefacts of the Ancient World

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262962
eISBN:
9780191734533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262962.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

In 1850, ‘Assyriology’, or the science of reading and interpreting cuneiform, was created. During this period, historians travelled to the Middle East and spent years copying cuneiform tablets. Now, ... More


Polarization Vision

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores how polarization sensitivity is achieved in animals and how it is used in natural behavior. Arthropods are famous for their polarization sensitivity, but other animals, ... More


Social Learning Mechanisms

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter presents a classification of social learning mechanisms and explains how these mechanisms can be distinguished empirically. In most published social learning studies it is very difficult ... More


Beyond Humanity?: The Ethics of Biomedical Enhancement

Allen E. Buchanan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199587810
eISBN:
9780191728761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587810.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book examines the ethical controversy surrounding biomedical enhancement: the use of biotechnologies to improve normal human capacities and characteristics. It deflates the heated rhetoric of ... More


Through the Eyes of the Ego

Mark R. Leary

in The Curse of the Self: Self-Awareness, Egotism, and the Quality of Human Life

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172423
eISBN:
9780199786756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172423.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

People process information about themselves, other people, and the world through the filter of their own self-images and egoistic desires. Their experience of the events that unfold around them is ... More


Understanding and Remembering

Leslie R. Martin, Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek, and M. Robin DiMatteo

in Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence: Evidence-based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380408
eISBN:
9780199864454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter begins with an overview of the encoding, storage, and retrieval of memories. Important to the encoding process are attention, focus, understanding, and the agility of the working memory. ... More


Enhancement

Stephen Wilkinson

in Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199273966
eISBN:
9780191706585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273966.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines the view that there is something especially bad about creating ‘enhanced’ children. First, it analyses and clarifies different accounts of enhancement. Secondly, it identifies ... More


Working Hard or Hardly Working for those Rose-colored Glasses?: Behavioral and Neural Evidence for the Automatic Nature of Unrealistically Positive Self-Perceptions

Jennifer S. Beer

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Even rose-colored glasses cannot hide the apparent discrepancy between models of self-control and the adaptive view of positive illusions. Most models of self-control suggest that accurate ... More


Measuring Self-Enhancement: From Self-Report to Concrete Behavior

Delroy L. Paulhus and Ronald R. Holden

in Then A Miracle Occurs: Focusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377798
eISBN:
9780199864522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

In this chapter, the authors note that social and personality psychologists address the issue of behavior in rather different ways. Social psychologists tend to exploit behavior as a concrete outcome ... More


Moral Enhancement as a Possible Way Out

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

in Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

To enable liberal democracies to stop human induced climatic and environmental deterioriation it is then necessary to morally enhance their citizens, to make them appropriately concerned about the ... More


Introduction

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

in Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

It is easier for us to harm each other than to benefit each other, e.g. easier to kill than to save life. The extraordinary progress of scientific technology has increased our powers of action so ... More


Application of the Framework to Practice: Engagement

Melvin Delgado

in Community Social Work Practice in an Urban Context: The Potential of a Capacity-Enhancement Perspective

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195125467
eISBN:
9780199864188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195125467.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter discusses the engagement phase of the community capacity-enhancement framework. Engagement refers to the sociopolitical process of developing relationships, eliciting commitments from ... More


Application of the Framework to Practice: Intervention

Melvin Delgado

in Community Social Work Practice in an Urban Context: The Potential of a Capacity-Enhancement Perspective

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195125467
eISBN:
9780199864188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195125467.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter discusses the intervention phase of the community capacity-enhancement framework. The phase is often categorized as the “bottom line” for most social agencies. It represents the ultimate ... More


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