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Swarm Creativity: Competitive Advantage through Collaborative Innovation Networks

Peter A. Gloor

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304121
eISBN:
9780199789771
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304121.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This book introduces a powerful new concept to the business world — Collaborative Innovation Networks (COINs). COINs have been around for hundreds of years, and many of us have already been a part ... More


Transforming the 20th Century:: Debts and Advances

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Technical progress in the 20th century was based on the unprecedented technical advances that took place during the two pre-WWI generations (1867-1914). All of these fundamental and lasting ... More


Energy Conversions:: Growth and Innovation

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Our civilization is based on massive consumption of fossil fuels. This chapter begins by examining technical advances of energy industries, before turning to energy transitions and the process of ... More


Essential First Steps: Installing Perl Plus a Programming Environment

Mark D. LeBlanc and Betsey Dexter Dyer

in Perl for Exploring DNA

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195305890
eISBN:
9780199773862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305890.003.02
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Clear directions for Mac OS X and Windows users alike are provided to get these respective hardware systems set up for programming in Perl. This chapter provides as much encouragement and support as ... More


Internal Combustion Engines

Vaclav Smil

in Creating the Twentieth Century: Technical Innovations of 1867-1914 and Their Lasting Impact

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195168747
eISBN:
9780199835522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168747.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Invention and commercialization of automotive internal combustion engines was a multistranded process that began during the 1880s in Germany with design by Benz, Daimler and Maybach, and then ... More


Dot-coms: On top of the world for a while

G. Anandalingam and Henry C. Lucas

in Beware the Winner's Curse: Victories that Can Sink You and Your Company

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177404
eISBN:
9780199789559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177404.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

Many dot.com companies, declared to be the winners in the new economy, were expected to change completely the paradigm of doing business and drive down the market shares of traditional “bricks and ... More


Corporate Strategy and Systems Integration Capabilities: Managing Networks in Complex Systems Industries

Andrea Prencipe

in The Business of Systems Integration

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263233
eISBN:
9780191718847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263233.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter identifies two analytical categories of systems integration in multi-technology multi-component products, namely synchronic and diachronic. Synchronic systems integration refers to the ... More


Energy and Civilization: A History

Vaclav Smil

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035774
eISBN:
9780262338301
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035774.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Energy is the only universal currency; it is necessary for getting anything done. The conversion of energy on Earth ranges from terra-forming forces of plate tectonics to cumulative erosive effects ... More


Back to the Future: The Aircraft and IT Industries in Britain since 1945

Richard Coopey and Peter Lyth

in Business in Britain in the Twentieth Century: Decline and Renaissance?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199226009
eISBN:
9780191710315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226009.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter explores the development of two ‘high technology’ sectors of the British economy in the post-war period. The chapter is set against the context of the general debate over the relative ... More


The Events in Context

Joshua S. Bloom

in What Are Gamma-Ray Bursts?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145570
eISBN:
9781400837007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145570.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Prompt and afterglow emission of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are largely driven by the central engine behavior, the explosion properties, and the physics of relativistic shocks. Those seconds, minutes, ... More


Introduction

B. Jack Copeland

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This introductory chapter discusses the development of Alan Turing's ‘universal computing machine’, better known as the universal Turing Machine. The earliest large-scale electronic digital ... More


The origins and development of the ACE project

B. Jack Copeland

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter details the history of the Automatic Computing Engine (ACE) project. The story of the ACE begins with John Womersley's appointment as superintendent of the newly created Mathematics ... More


The Pilot ACE at the National Physical Laboratory 1

James H. Wilkinson

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the pilot Automatic Computing Engine (ACE) project at the National Physical Laboratory. The Pilot ACE had been designed purely as an experimental machine to demonstrate the ... More


Difference engines: from Müller to Comrie

Michael R. Williams

in The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508410
eISBN:
9780191708831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508410.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

Most people in the computing disciplines know of the famous difference engine designed by Charles Babbage, but many are unaware of several others that were produced after Babbage's efforts and even ... More


Specialized Inference Engines as Precursors of Creative Imagination?

PASCAL BOYER

in Imaginative Minds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The human imagination is often thought of as creativity and originality. It is often considered in terms of its high-end, creative products such as religion, arts, and literature. However, the human ... More


Transparency and Digital Government

Helen Margetts

in Transparency: The Key to Better Governance?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263839
eISBN:
9780191734915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263839.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Digital government refers to the use by government of information and communication technology, including the Internet, both internally and to interact with citizens, businesses, and other ... More


The Coal Development Block

Malanima Paolo, Astrid Kander, and Paul Warde

in Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter focuses on coal development blocks. From an energy point of view, the key aspects of the first industrial revolution were coal, steam, and iron. The development block was built around ... More


Major Development Blocks in the Twentieth Century and Their Impacts on Energy

Malanima Paolo, Astrid Kander, and Paul Warde

in Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the impact of major development blocks on the diffusion of new energy carriers and energy consumption in twentieth-century Europe. The focus is on the drivers of energy ... More


Creating the Twentieth Century: Technical Innovations of 1867-1914 and Their Lasting Impact

Vaclav Smil

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195168747
eISBN:
9780199835522
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168747.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book is a systematic interdisciplinary account of the history of unprecedented technical advances that took place in Europe and North America during the three pre-WWI generations and of their ... More


Save the Firehouse!

Ida Susser

in Norman Street: Poverty and Politics in an Urban Neighborhood, Updated Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367317
eISBN:
9780199951192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367317.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter analyzes the formation of a successful local movement and the way in which friendships and local cooperation facilitated its development. The movement was prompted by New York City Fire ... More


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