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Analysis of size and complexity of randomly constructed food webs by information theoretic metrics

James T. Morris, Robert R. Christian, and Robert E. Ulanowicz

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter studies random, steady state food webs of varying size and complexity (up to 2,000 species and 1.3 million connections) which were generated with and without ecologically realistic ... More


General Physiological Principles

J. Eduardo P. W. Bicudo, William A. Buttemer, Mark A. Chappell, James T. Pearson, and Claus Bech

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228447
eISBN:
9780191711305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228447.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Birds show a number of structural and functional adaptations that are characteristic of the group as a whole and independent of the ability to fly. This chapter explores some basic physical and ... More


Biosphere and Ecosystems

Ramprasad Sengupta

in Ecological Limits and Economic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198081654
eISBN:
9780199082407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081654.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter introduces some of the basic concepts of ecology to characterize the biosphere of the earth, its ecosystems and their components of biotic and abiotic environment. It describes the ... More


Energy and Society

Vaclav Smil

in Energy and Civilization: A History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035774
eISBN:
9780262338301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035774.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter shows how energy has shaped society, from prehistoric times through today’s fossil fuel-driven civilization. It suggests that both prehistoric human evolution and the course of history ... More


Growth-Generating Innovations

Christian de Perthuis and Pierre-André Jouvet

in Green Capital: A New Perspective on Growth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171403
eISBN:
9780231540360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171403.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter provides an analysis of the various innovations that will accompany the energy transition: innovations in technology, of course, but also innovations in social organization, land ... More


Global Environmental History: 10,000 BC to AD 2000

Ian Simmons

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748621583
eISBN:
9780748670765
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748621583.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

In the last 12,000 years, human societies have moved through phases of forager, agricultural, industrial and ‘post-industrial’ economies. Each of these has been affected by the natural world and in ... More


Ecosystems and parasitism: the spatial dimension

Robert Holt and Thierry Boulinier

in Parasitism and Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529873
eISBN:
9780191712777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Spatial patterns of parasitism are thought to be strongly associated with local adaptation, relative rates of migration by hosts and parasites, and local levels of resource availability. This chapter ... More


Energy Flows

Raymond L. Neubauer

in Evolution and the Emergent Self: The Rise of Complexity and Behavioral Versatility in Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150705
eISBN:
9780231521680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150705.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores theories in physics that see unity in the increasing complexity of matter from the first elements to molecules and life. The field of physics now recognizes a special class of ... More


Measuring Energy Sustainability

David L. Greene

in Linkages of Sustainability

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013581
eISBN:
9780262258845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013581.003.0020
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter examines the various ways to measure energy sustainability. It discusses the measurement of energy stocks, energy resource expansion and creation, energy flows, linkages, energy ... More


Biodiversity and aquatic food webs

Helmut Hillebrand and Jonathan B. Shurin

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Biodiversity in freshwater food webs can be considered in terms of the number of species occupying unique trophic positions or the number of species within a trophic position. Either can affect ... More


Thermodynamic Modeling of Large-Scale Interconnected Systems

Wassim M. Haddad and Sergey G. Nersesov

in Stability and Control of Large-Scale Dynamical Systems: A Vector Dissipative Systems Approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153469
eISBN:
9781400842667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153469.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter describes the thermodynamic modeling of large-scale interconnected dynamical systems. Using compartmental dynamical system theory, it develops energy flow models possessing energy ... More


Thermodynamic Modeling for Discrete-Time Large-Scale Dynamical Systems

Wassim M. Haddad and Sergey G. Nersesov

in Stability and Control of Large-Scale Dynamical Systems: A Vector Dissipative Systems Approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153469
eISBN:
9781400842667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153469.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter describes the thermodynamic modeling of discrete-time large-scale dynamical systems. In particular, it develops nonlinear discrete-time compartmental models that are consistent with ... More


Light-Matter Interaction: Physics and Engineering at the Nanoscale, Second Edition

John Weiner and Frederico Nunes

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198796664
eISBN:
9780191837920
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198796664.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Light–matter interaction is pervasive throughout the disciplines of optical and atomic physics, condensed matter physics, and electrical engineering with frequency and length scales extending over ... More


Energy Path

A. Le Bot

in Foundation of Statistical Energy Analysis in Vibroacoustics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198729235
eISBN:
9780191796173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729235.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter outlines the question of the path of energy propagation from a source to a receiver. The notion of path efficiency is introduced progressively by studying several simple examples. The ... More


Energy and nutrients

Richard T. Corlett

in The Ecology of Tropical East Asia

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198817017
eISBN:
9780191858703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817017.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter deals with the ecology of Tropical East Asia from the perspective of water, energy, and matter flows through ecosystems, particularly forests. Data from the network of eddy flux ... More


Large-Scale Continuous-Time Interconnected Dynamical Systems

Wassim M. Haddad and Sergey G. Nersesov

in Stability and Control of Large-Scale Dynamical Systems: A Vector Dissipative Systems Approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153469
eISBN:
9781400842667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153469.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter extends classical dissipativity theory to vector dissipativity for addressing large-scale continuous-time interconnected dynamical systems using vector storage functions and vector ... More


Freshwater Populations, Interactions, and Networks

David M. Harper and Nic Pacini

in Freshwater Ecology and Conservation: Approaches and Techniques

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198766384
eISBN:
9780191820908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198766384.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Freshwater ecosystems are never static and a species list alone hides that dynamism. Species come and go; populations wax and wane, so basic understanding of the numerical dynamics is necessary to ... More


Large-Scale Discrete-Time Interconnected Dynamical Systems

Wassim M. Haddad and Sergey G. Nersesov

in Stability and Control of Large-Scale Dynamical Systems: A Vector Dissipative Systems Approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153469
eISBN:
9781400842667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153469.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter develops vector dissipativity notions for large-scale nonlinear discrete-time dynamical systems. In particular, it introduces a generalized definition of dissipativity for large-scale ... More


Energy and nutrients

Richard T. Corlett

in The Ecology of Tropical East Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199681341
eISBN:
9780191789175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681341.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The need to mitigate anthropogenic carbon emissions and to understand the impacts of the pervasive enrichment of natural systems with nitrogen and other nutrients has brought a new urgency to studies ... More


Communities: patterns

Robert M. May and Michael J. Crawley

in Theoretical Ecology: Principles and Applications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199209989
eISBN:
9780191917370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199209989.003.0012
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

In all areas of ecology, from studies of individual organisms through populations to communities and ecosystems, there have been huge empirical and theoretical ... More


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