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The ecology of female reproduction in wild orangutans

Cheryl D. Knott, Melissa Emery Thompson, and Serge A. Wich

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Orangutans have the longest interbirth interval of any mammal, with existing data suggesting that these intervals may be significantly longer in Sumatra than in Borneo. This finding presents a ... More


The role of nutrition and physical activity in the obesity epidemic

Lisa J Harnack and Kathryn H. Schmitz

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews information on temporal trends in energy intake and energy expenditure in the USA and discusses the quality and limitations of available data. The focus is on trends in the USA, ... More


Measurement of Physical Activity and Inactivity in Epidemiologic Studies

Kelley K. Pettee, Kristi L. Storti, Barbara E. Ainsworth, and Andrea M. Kriska

in Epidemiologic Methods in Physical Activity Studies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195183009
eISBN:
9780199865116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183009.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents an overview of tools used to assess physical activity and inactivity. These include objective measures of energy expenditure, objective measures of physical activity, objective ... More


Approaches and Techniques

J. Eduardo P. W. Bicudo, William A. Buttemer, Mark A. Chappell, James T. Pearson, and Claus Bech

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228447
eISBN:
9780191711305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228447.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

The emergence of new techniques, methods, and analytical approaches is hard to predict. Research on avian biology has greatly benefitted from technical advances (for example tracking technology), and ... More


Energetics

M.G.L. Mills and M.E.J. Mills

in Kalahari Cheetahs: Adaptations to an arid region

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198712145
eISBN:
9780191780639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198712145.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Measurements of daily energy expenditure and water turnover showed that energy expenditure in cheetahs was not significantly greater than expected, but water turnover was low. There were no sex ... More


The Evolution of Energetics in Birds and Mammals: La Evoluión De La EnergÉtica En Aves MamÍferos

Brian K. McNab

in The Quintessential Naturalist: Honoring the Life and Legacy of Oliver P. Pearson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098596
eISBN:
9780520916159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098596.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter provides a far-ranging review of the evolution of energetics in both birds and mammals. It notes that energetics effectively integrates diverse aspects of the natural history of an ... More


The Obesity Epidemic

Mario Mazzocchi, W. Bruce Traill, and Jason F. Shogren

in Fat Economics: Nutrition, Health, and Economic Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199213856
eISBN:
9780191695902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213856.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter analyses the data on obesity, healthy eating, and health by taking a closer look at the numbers behind the obesity epidemic. It explains the meaning of overweight and obesity by ... More


Tool-Stone Procurement in the Mesa Verde Core Region Through Time

Fumiyasu Arakawa

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0012
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

The distribution of lithic raw materials is analyzed to evaluate community organization and the development of community territories, and to study how the formation of such territories affected ... More


Assessment of Physical Activity in Nutritional Epidemiology

Frank Hu

in Nutritional Epidemiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199754038
eISBN:
9780199979448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754038.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter first discusses conceptual definitions and terminologies that are commonly used in the physical activity literature. Next it reviews reference measures of energy expenditure and ... More


The energetic costs of incubation

A. Nord and J.B. Williams

in Nests, Eggs, and Incubation: New ideas about avian reproduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198718666
eISBN:
9780191788086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718666.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter discusses the energy balance and physiological homeostasis of incubating birds, ranging from taxonomic, geographical and life-history related variation in energy costs of incubation, to ... More


Physiology and energetics

Jutta Schmid

in Primate Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199659449
eISBN:
9780191774775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659449.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

Primates and many other mammalian species exhibit a wide range of physiological and behavioural adaptations that enable them to cope with fluctuations in climate and energy availability. Measures of ... More


Electronic Game Changers for the Obesity Crisis

Sandra L. Calvert, Bradley J. Bond, and Amanda E. Staiano

in Learning by Playing: Video Gaming in Education

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199896646
eISBN:
9780190256142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199896646.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the negative and positive effects of electronic games in relation to the childhood obesity crisis. More specifically, it considers how time spent playing electronic games may ... More


Metabolic Phenotyping

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198830399
eISBN:
9780191868672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830399.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

This chapter describes the development of metabolic phenotyping in biomedical research, providing a critical review of methodologies for air flow management, multiplexed versus continuous sampling, ... More


The Varieties of Activity Detectors

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198830399
eISBN:
9780191868672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830399.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

Metabolic measurements are sensitive to the activity level of the animal being measured. This chapter describes the various technologies available for recording the activity level of a study organism ... More


Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

John R. B. Lighton

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198830399
eISBN:
9780191868672
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830399.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

Measuring Metabolic Rates demystifies the field of metabolic rate measurement, explaining every common variation of the art, from century-old manometric methods through ingenious syringe-based ... More


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