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Energy Transitions in the Twentieth Century

Malanima Paolo, Astrid Kander, and Paul Warde

in Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines energy transitions in twentieth-century Europe. It begins with a discussion of the rise in energy consumption in the twentieth century and the breakthrough of oil and ... More


Traditional Sources

Malanima Paolo, Astrid Kander, and Paul Warde

in Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter focuses on traditional energy sources in Europe. It first provides an overview of energy sources and energy consumption in premodern Europe before discussing organic energy sources and ... More


The Role of Energy in Twentieth-Century Economic Growth

Malanima Paolo, Astrid Kander, and Paul Warde

in Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the role of energy in the economic growth of twentieth-century Europe. It considers the interrelationships of factors of production in order to identify the general features of ... More


A Modern Energy Regime

Malanima Paolo, Astrid Kander, and Paul Warde

in Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the emergence of a modern energy regime in Europe. It begins with a discussion of the increase in energy consumption and how a combination of coal, engine, and iron coalesced to ... More


Energy and Industrial Growth

Malanima Paolo, Astrid Kander, and Paul Warde

in Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter considers the role that energy played in the industrial growth in nineteenth-century Europe. The economies of Europe grew more rapidly during the nineteenth century than at any previous ... More


Definitions and Concepts

Malanima Paolo, Astrid Kander, and Paul Warde

in Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter defines some important concepts that are used in the book and which are relevant to energy in the economic context. It first considers energy consumption in the economic sense; here ... More


Constraints and Dynamics

Malanima Paolo, Astrid Kander, and Paul Warde

in Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the dynamics of the early modern European economy in order to highlight both the possibilities for development and the constraints of the old European world. It first considers ... More


Summary and Implications For the Future

Malanima Paolo, Astrid Kander, and Paul Warde

in Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter summarizes the book's main findings and their implications for the future, reflecting in particular on the limits of growth, peak oil, technology, and prospects for a return to the ... More


Introduction

Malanima Paolo, Astrid Kander, and Paul Warde

in Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book explores the role that energy has played in the economic history of Europe, highlighting the link between energy consumption and economic development. Using three industrial revolutions as ... More


Major Development Blocks in the Twentieth Century and Their Impacts on Energy

Malanima Paolo, Astrid Kander, and Paul Warde

in Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the impact of major development blocks on the diffusion of new energy carriers and energy consumption in twentieth-century Europe. The focus is on the drivers of energy ... More


Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Astrid Kander, Paolo Malanima, and Paul Warde

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book examines the varied but interconnected relationships between energy consumption and economic development in Europe over the last five centuries. It describes how the traditional energy ... More


China's Coming Demand for Energy

Richard N. Cooper

in China, Asia, and the New World Economy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235889
eISBN:
9780191717109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235889.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter analyzes the implications of China's growth for global energy markets. It begins by imagining what China will look like two decades from now: China will be the world's second largest ... More


Fossil-Fueled Civilization

Vaclav Smil

in Energy and Civilization: A History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035774
eISBN:
9780262338301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035774.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter discusses the rise of a fossil fuel-driven civilization. Modern civilization depends on extracting immense energy stores, depleting finite fossil fuel deposits that cannot be replenished ... More


Energy in World History

Vaclav Smil

in Energy and Civilization: A History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035774
eISBN:
9780262338301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035774.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter discusses the place of energy in world history. It examines historical milestones—such as the rise of larger populations organized with greater social complexity into nation-states and ... More


A New Civilization

Vaclav Smil

in Creating the Twentieth Century: Technical Innovations of 1867-1914 and Their Lasting Impact

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195168747
eISBN:
9780199835522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168747.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Pre-WWI technical advances have created economies and societies whose abundance of material possessions, rates of energy consumption, and overall tempo of life were entirely unprecedented. Both the ... More


Fossil Fuels, Primary Electricity, and Renewables

Vaclav Smil

in Energy and Civilization: A History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035774
eISBN:
9780262338301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035774.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter discusses the evolution in uses of fossil fuels, primary electricity, and renewable energy. It first considers the transition from phytomass fuels to fossil fuels and how it resulted in ... More


The Security of the Commons

Gary Hart

in The Shield and the Cloak: The Security of the Commons

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195306163
eISBN:
9780199850693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306163.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the proposal of a new commonwealth of security in the twenty-first century. To establish this, the first step is to invest in creative knowledge as a national objective. ... More


Evaluating the Slow Adoption of Energy Efficient Investments: Are Renters Less Likely to Have Energy Efficient Appliances?

Lucas W. Davis

in The Design and Implementation of US Climate Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226269146
eISBN:
9780226921983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921983.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter evaluates the energy consumption in rental housing units, comparing patterns of appliance ownerships between homeowners and renters using data from the Residential Energy Consumption ... More


Technical, economic, social, and cultural perspectives on energy demand

Charlie Wilson, Kathryn Janda, Françoise Bartiaux, and Mithra Moezzi

in Global Energy: Issues, Potentials, and Policy Implications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198719526
eISBN:
9780191788628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719526.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter provides a critical overview of technical, economic, social, and cultural aspects of energy demand. Comparative data from different countries show upward trends in both the efficiency ... More


Avoiding the Cognitive Fix Keeper Hole

Thomas A. Heberlein

in Navigating Environmental Attitudes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199773329
eISBN:
9780199979639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773329.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Keeper holes are places where the water swirls, turns on itself, and traps your craft. You go around and around, sometimes upside down and, occasionally, even drown. The cognitive fix is a big keeper ... More


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